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CURRENT RESEARCH IN NUTRITION AND FOOD SCIENCE 11/07/20 Factors Responsible for Childhood Malnutrition: A Review of the Literature. Introduction The imbalance between the nutrients the body needs and the nutrients it receives is known as malnutrition, which may take the form of either undernutrition or obesity.1 According to the definitions provided by the World Health Organization (2010),2 undernutrition can be one of two types: protein energy malnutrition or micro nutrient deficiency.

CURRENT RESEARCH IN NUTRITION AND FOOD SCIENCE 11/07/20 Factors Responsible for Childhood Malnutrition: A Review of the Literature

Protein energy malnutrition manifests early during the ages of 6 months–2 years, resulting from irregular or no breastfeeding, introduction to low protein food, and different types of infections (FAO, 2004).3 It is measured by indicators such as wasting, stunting, being underweight, or obesity. Wasting is defined as the failure to receive adequate nutrition in the period immediately preceding the survey. EFSA 09/12/20 Hungarian national food consumption survey on toddlers and other children. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH 14/08/20 Dietary habits and metabolic response improve in obese children whose mothers received an intervention to promote healthy eating: randomized clinical trial. Design The Obesity Clinic at Federico Gomez Children’s Hospital of Mexico conducted arandomized clinical trial between January 2011 and December 2014 with approval from the hospital’s Research, Ethics and Biosecurity Committee.

BMC PUBLIC HEALTH 14/08/20 Dietary habits and metabolic response improve in obese children whose mothers received an intervention to promote healthy eating: randomized clinical trial

This study is reported according to the CONSORT guidelines (Additional file 1). After providing written consent, 177 children with obesity (BMI ≥ 95 pc) of age 5–11 years and their mothers were randomly assigned to participate in the intervention group or the control group. None of the participating children were receiving pharmacological treatment for obesity, were morbidly obese or were associated with a genetic syndrome. Mothers of intervention group (n = 90) attended six weekly group sessions, lasting 90 min. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH 29/05/20 Adolescents’ perception of dietary behaviour in a public school in Chile: a focus groups study. Conceptualizing diet When adolescents were asked about healthy eating, the answers were clear.

BMC PUBLIC HEALTH 29/05/20 Adolescents’ perception of dietary behaviour in a public school in Chile: a focus groups study

Adolescents shared knowledge they had acquired over the years. Responses alluded to concepts such as health, healthy foods, physical activity and water consumption. When asked about their knowledge of healthy versus unhealthy foods, they were easily assigned into one of the three groups. The Majority group had a minor interest in healthy eating; however, they preferred the consumption of junk food, but considered making changes to their habits. The Intermediate group were those who cared about their diet.

NUTRIENTS 29/03/19 Frequency of Use of Added Sugar, Salt, and Fat in Infant Foods up to 10 Months in the Nationwide ELFE Cohort Study: Associated Infant Feeding and Caregiving Practices. The consumption of sugar, salt, and fat in infancy may influence later health.

NUTRIENTS 29/03/19 Frequency of Use of Added Sugar, Salt, and Fat in Infant Foods up to 10 Months in the Nationwide ELFE Cohort Study: Associated Infant Feeding and Caregiving Practices

The objective of this study was to describe the frequency of use of added sugar, salt, and fat during the complementary feeding period and the associated infant caregiving practices. Data were obtained from a monthly questionnaire filled by parents for 10,907 infants from the French Etude Longitudinale Française depuis l’Enfance (ELFE) cohort. A score of frequency of use (SU) for added sugar, salt, and fat (oil, margarine, butter, and/or cream) was calculated from the age at complementary feeding introduction (CFI) to the 10th month. Associations between the SU of each added ingredient with infant feeding and caregiving practices were studied with multivariable linear regressions adjusted for familial characteristics. Only 28% of the parents followed the recommendation of adding fat and simultaneously not adding sugar or salt. ►▼ Show Figures Figure 1. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH 06/03/20 Potential effect of different nutritional labels on food choices among mothers: a study protocol.

This study will be conducted in two phases.

BMC PUBLIC HEALTH 06/03/20 Potential effect of different nutritional labels on food choices among mothers: a study protocol

Phase 1 Step I: assessing of existing labels on packaged products For step I, during a thematic analysis, all types of labeling covering nutritional information and traffic light labels will be assessed through FGDs and interviews with different groups of mothers, nutrition and food industry specialists, and industrialists. To gather mothers’ opinions from five different regions (North, South, East, West, and Central), the current map of 22 municipal districts of Tehran will be used. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH 31/01/20 Association between convenience stores near schools and obesity among school-aged children in Beijing, China.

Study population We recruited participants in grade 4 of 37 primary schools in Dongcheng or Miyun district of Beijing, China, from May to June in 2016.

BMC PUBLIC HEALTH 31/01/20 Association between convenience stores near schools and obesity among school-aged children in Beijing, China

The inclusion criteria for schools were as follows: Firstly, non-boarding, non-specialty and non-minority schools. Secondly, schools with no less than 50 students in grade 4. Thirdly, schools’ leaders agreed to participate in the study. All the eligible primary schools (43 schools) which met the inclusion criteria were invited to complete the school-based obesity prevention survey. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH 05/02/20 Dieting, body weight concerns and health: trends and associations in Swedish schoolchildren. The Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study collects cross-sectional questionnaire data on nationally representative samples of 11-, 13- and 15- years old schoolchildren in Europe and some other countries every fourth years [22].

BMC PUBLIC HEALTH 05/02/20 Dieting, body weight concerns and health: trends and associations in Swedish schoolchildren

The purpose is to study girls’ and boys’ health behaviours, health indicators and contextual variables. Data is collected by using classroom administered questionnaires. This paper presents data from the surveys in 1993–94, 1997–98, 2001–02, 2005–06, 2009–10 and 2014 in Sweden, collected according to the international research protocol. Samples were selected separately for each age group using a 2-stage clustered sampling procedure where school was the primary sampling unite and class the second. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH 12/11/19 Trends in overweight and obesity by socioeconomic status in Year 6 school children, Australian Capital Territory, 2006–2018.

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BMC PUBLIC HEALTH 12/11/19 Trends in overweight and obesity by socioeconomic status in Year 6 school children, Australian Capital Territory, 2006–2018

Worldwide trends in body-mass index, underweight, overweight, and obesity from 1975 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 2416 population-based measurement studies in 128.9 million children, adolescents, and adults. Lancet. 2017;390:2627–42. Google Scholar2.Lobstein T, Baur L, Uauy R. NUTRIENTS 14/10/19 ‘Oh God, I Have to Eat Something, But Where Can I Get Something Quickly?’—A Qualitative Interview Study on Barriers to Healthy Eating among University Students in Germany. Healthy eating can prevent individuals across all age groups from developing overweight/obesity and non-communicable diseases such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

NUTRIENTS 14/10/19 ‘Oh God, I Have to Eat Something, But Where Can I Get Something Quickly?’—A Qualitative Interview Study on Barriers to Healthy Eating among University Students in Germany

However, unhealthy eating habits (e.g., a high level of fast food consumption) have been found to be widespread among university students. Thus, it seems necessary to develop prevention strategies to improve students’ eating habits. However, to ensure that such strategies are successful, it is important that they fit the needs of the target population. By conducting qualitative interviews with students (n = 20), we aimed to get a deeper understanding of barriers to healthy eating. Students were asked about barriers to healthy eating and to suggest possible ideas that could improve their eating behavior in the future. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 14/08/19 Associations between School Food Environments, Body Mass Index and Dietary Intakes among Regional School Students in Victoria, Australia: A Cross-Sectional Study. MDPI and ACS Style Alston, L.; Crooks, N.; Strugnell, C.; Orellana, L.; Allender, S.; Rennie, C.; Nichols, M.

Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 14/08/19 Associations between School Food Environments, Body Mass Index and Dietary Intakes among Regional School Students in Victoria, Australia: A Cross-Sectional Study

Associations between School Food Environments, Body Mass Index and Dietary Intakes among Regional School Students in Victoria, Australia: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. AMA Style Alston L, Crooks N, Strugnell C, Orellana L, Allender S, Rennie C, Nichols M. NUTRIENTS 02/08/19 Examining the Efficacy of a ‘Feasible’ Nudge Intervention to Increase the Purchase of Vegetables by First Year University Students (17–19 Years of Age) in British Columbia: A Pilot Study. Nutrients 2019, 11(8), 1786; (registering DOI) Received: 29 June 2019 / Revised: 30 July 2019 / Accepted: 1 August 2019 / Published: 2 August 2019 In the transition from high school to university, vegetable consumption tends to deteriorate, potentially influencing immediate and longer-term health outcomes.

Nudges, manipulation of the environment to influence choice, have emerged as important to behavior change goals. This quasi-experimental pilot study examined the impact of a contextually feasible evidence-informed nudge intervention on food purchasing behavior of older adolescents (1st year students) in a university residence cafeteria in British Columbia, Canada. A co-design process with students and staff identified a student relevant and operationally feasible nudge intervention; a placement nudge, fresh vegetables at the hot food table, combined with a sensory and cognitive nudge, signage encouraging vegetable purchase).

NUTRITION BULLETIN 10/04/19 The portion size effect and overconsumption – towards downsizing solutions for children and adolescents – An update. Introduction Portion size has been identified as a potential contributor to the overconsumption of high energy density (HED) foods (Zuraikat et al. 2019). Laboratory based, systematic studies with adults have demonstrated that providing large portions of energy dense foods promotes greater energy intake relative to small portions (Rolls et al. 2006, 2007). Eating more when more is offered is known as the portion size effect (PSE). The PSE is reliable, robust and enduring (see Hetherington & Blundell‐Birtill 2018) and has been well characterised across meal and snack items, age groups and contexts (Steenhuis & Poelman 2017).

For example, a systematic research review and meta‐analysis comparing the PSE between unit and amorphous foods found that the magnitude of the PSE was similar between these food forms (Reale et al. 2018). BMC PUBLIC HEALTH 14/05/19 Short sleep duration is associated with specific food intake increase among school-aged children in China: a national cross-sectional study. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH 05/10/18 Study of the reasons for the consumption of each type of vegetable within a population of school-aged children. SPANISH JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH - 2016 - Are the eating habits of university students different to the rest of the Spanish population? Food availability, consumption and cost.

Alcácera MA, Marquez-Lopea I, Fajo-Pascual M, Puzo-Foncillas J, Carmon-Torre F, Martínez-González MA, 2008. Alcoholic beverage preference dietary pattern in Spanish university graduates. The SUN cohort study. Eur J Clin Nutr 62: 1178-1186. Andreyeva T, Long MW, Brownell KD, 2010. BMC PUBLICHEALTH 05/10/18 Study of the reasons for the consumption of each type of vegetable within a population of school-aged children. Survey In the face-to-face interviews with the 15 families, in order to test the comprehension of the phrases and verify that the parents’ responses were representative of the children, more than 95% agreement was obtained between parents’ and children’s responses. The survey was opened by 602 parents, and fully answered by 419 parents (69.6%).

Table 1 shows the socioeconomic data of the parents who participated in the survey. These participants were also mostly women, between 30 and 45 years old, in a relationship and with university studies finished. According to the Chi square test, no significant difference (p > 0.05) was found between the socioeconomic data of the parents who participated in the preliminary study and those who did it in the survey. All the phrases except number 13 received responses greater than 10% on at least one of the vegetables. The results obtained in the survey are described below.

THE JOURNAL OF NUTRITION 05/06/18 Room for Improvement Remains in Food Consumption Patterns of Young Children Aged 2–4 Years. Skip to Main Content Sign In Register Close Advanced Search Online ISSN 1541-6100 Print ISSN 0022-3166 Copyright © 2018 American Society for Nutrition Connect Resources Explore. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH 28/08/18 Fruits and vegetables at home (FLAM): a randomized controlled trial of the impact of fruits and vegetables vouchers in children from low-income families in an urban district of France.

BMC Public Health 17/11/17 Observation and assessment of the nutritional quality of ‘out of school’ foods popular with secondary school pupils at lunchtime. PLOS 10/08/17 Objective quantification of the food proximity effect on grapes, chocolate and cracker consumption in a Swedish high school. A temporal analysis. Abstract Close food proximity leads to increased short-term energy intake, potentially contributing to the long-term development of obesity. However, its precise effects on eating behaviour are still unclear, especially with food available for extended periods of time. Journal of Epidemiology Available online 30 May 2017 Relationship between nutrition knowledge and dietary intake among primary school children in Japan: Combined effect of children's and their guardians' knowledge.

<div class="msgBox" style="margin-top:10px;"><span class="errMsg"><div>JavaScript is disabled on your browser. Please enable JavaScript to use all the features on this page. BMC 05/04/17 Assessing junk food consumption among Australian children: trends and associated characteristics from a cross-sectional study. Examining the intake of individual junk foods may hide the true extent of their consumption. Therefore, we developed the Junk Food Intake Measure (JFIM) for children and adolescents to measure the cumulative intake of junk food. The results of this study indicate that junk food consumption among school age children, measured in aggregate by the JFIM, is lower in 2015 compared with 2010. PLOS 05/10/16 Modeled Dietary Impact of Pizza Reformulations in US Children and Adolescents.

Abstract. Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) - 2013 - Partial Identification of the Long-Run Causal Effect of Food Security on Child Health. Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) - 2013 - Food Prices and Body Fatness among Youths. Coaction Publishing - 2012 - Diet and behavioral problems at school in Norwegian adolescents. Rev. paul. pediatr. vol.31 no.2 São Paulo June 2013 Overweight in adolescents: exploring potential risk factors. Excesso de peso em adolescentes: explorando potenciais fatores de risco Jucemar BenedetI; Maria Alice A. de AssisII; Maria Cristina M.

CalvoIII; Dalton Francisco de AndradeIV Endereço para correspondência OBJETIVO: Estimar a prevalência de excesso de peso e identificar associações com fatores sociodemográficos, biológicos e de estilo de vida em adolescentes de Florianópolis, Santa Catarina. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal, conduzido em 2007, com amostra probabilística de 1.590 escolares de 11 a 14 anos.

PLOS 27/07/16 Assessment of Eating Habits and Physical Activity among Spanish Adolescents. The "Cooking and Active Leisure" TAS Program. Abstract Worldwide obesity has more than doubled in the last forty years. ANNALS OF THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF HYGIENE - 2016 - Au sommaire: The need for modifying energy intake in preschool children from Piła, Poland. ANNALS OF THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF HYGIENE - 2016 - Au sommaire: The nutritional awareness of functional food among university students in Poland. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 24/06/16 Food Approach and Food Avoidance in Young Children: Relation with Reward Sensitivity and Punishment Sensitivity. Introduction Food is a primary reinforcer, shaping behavior through learning processes (Berridge, 1996). FDA 13/06/14 New Advice: Some Women and Young Children Should Eat More Fish. Am J Clin Nutr September 2013 vol. 98 no. 3 Serving a variety of vegetables and fruit as a snack increased intake in preschool children.

Appl. Econ. Perspect. Pol. (2013) Children's Consumption of Fruits and Vegetables: Do School Environment and Policies Affect Cho. EUFIC - JUIN 2013 - Family plays an important role in promoting fruit and vegetable eating particularly where free school lunch. NATIONAL POLICY & LEGAL ANALYSIS NETWORK - OCT 2011 - Digital Food Marketing to Children and Adolescents - Problematic Practices. BMC Public Health 2013, 13:836 A survey of the reformulation of Australian child-oriented food products. THE HEALTH EDUCATION MONOGRAPH SERIES - 2011 - Au sommaire: Calorie information and fast food choices among College students. PLOS 04/02/16 Effect of Pattern and Duration of Breastfeeding on the Consumption of Fruits and Vegetables among Preschool Children. Food Additives and Contaminants - Part A Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure and Risk Assessment 12/2010; 27(12):1639-51. Harmonisation of food categorisation systems for dietary exposure assessments among European children.

BMC 11/02/15 Food habits, physical activities and sedentary lifestyles of eutrophic and obese school children: a case–control study (Mexique) BMC 15/12/14 A qualitative study of children's snack food packaging perceptions and preferences. USDA 04/03/15 Another Study Shows Kids Eating More Healthy Food at School, Throwing Less Food Away. Prev Med. Dec 2013; 57(6): 934–940. The impact of a population-level school food and nutrition policy on dietary intake and body weights of Canadian children[star] Co-Action Publishing - 2012 - Evaluation of a short food frequency questionnaire used among Norwegian children. J Nutr. 2013 Oct;143(10):1659-65. Higher food prices may threaten food security status among American low-income households with children. PLOS 13/09/16 Monetary Diet Cost, Diet Quality, and Parental Socioeconomic Status in Spanish Youth.