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PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-001937-17 Voluntary portion-based food labelling schemes. The Commission decided not to oppose a number of Member States that have already introduced or are planning to introduce national colour-coded food labelling schemes, even if such schemes are in breach of the Food Information for Consumers Regulation.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-001937-17 Voluntary portion-based food labelling schemes

This Commission’s decision has encouraged six leading food companies to develop their own colour-coded front-of-pack food labelling schemes based on self-made portion sizes. These schemes not only run counter to the regulation in question, but tend to mislead consumers and make it much harder for them to compare food in different package sizes. Furthermore, the creation of increasing numbers of new and varied labelling schemes, be they national or enterprise-based, will lead to legal uncertainty and cause substantial problems for SMEs that do not have the financial background to change their food packages again and again. Is the Commission planning to take action to counteract this trend in order to protect consumers and the single market? NUTRITION JOURNAL 28/09/15 Discriminating nutritional quality of foods using the 5-Color nutrition label in the French food market: consistency with nutritional recommendations.

Our study shows that the 5-CNL, based on an amended FSA score allows to discriminating across food groups, within food groups and for similar products across different brands, for foods products and beverages currently available on the French market.

NUTRITION JOURNAL 28/09/15 Discriminating nutritional quality of foods using the 5-Color nutrition label in the French food market: consistency with nutritional recommendations

Overall, classification of products according to the 5-CNL was consistent with nutritional recommendations: foods which consumption is recommended (e.g. fruits and vegetables) were better classified than foods which consumption should be limited (e.g. sugary and salty snacks). Within a food group, the same discrimination was observed, as foods lower in salt, sugar and fat were better classified. For some food groups, adaptations to the original score increased its discriminant performance and its consistency with French nutritional recommendations. PLOS 09/02/17 Traffic-light labels could reduce population intakes of calories, total fat, saturated fat, and sodium.

Abstract Traffic-light labelling has been proposed as a public health intervention to improve the dietary intakes of consumers.

PLOS 09/02/17 Traffic-light labels could reduce population intakes of calories, total fat, saturated fat, and sodium

OBJECTIVES: to model the potential impact of avoiding foods with red traffic lights on the label on the energy, total fat, saturated fat, sodium, and sugars intakes of Canadian adults. METHODS: Canadian adults aged 19 and older (n = 19,915) who responded to the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS), Cycle 2.2. The nutrient levels in foods consumed by Canadians in CCHS were profiled using the United Kingdom’s criteria for traffic light labelling. Obesity Reviews 17/09/13 Monitoring the health-related labelling of foods and non-alcoholic beverages in retail settings. Int J Environ Res Public Health. Jan 2014; 11(1): 537–547. A Comparison of the Nutritional Quality of Food Products Advertised in Grocery Store Circulars of High- versus Low-Income New York City Zip Codes. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question P-002170-16 ‘Traffic light’ labelling.

The United Kingdom has introduced a voluntary system of ‘front-of-pack labelling’ for foodstuffs, which provides not only nutritional information, but also an indication of the salt, sugar, fat and saturated fat contents as a proportion of the maximum amounts which should be consumed (by an adult) each day, by using a green, yellow and red ‘traffic light’ system.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question P-002170-16 ‘Traffic light’ labelling

European Parliament resolution No 2014/2150 concerns the Commission’s regulatory fitness and performance programme (REFIT) and specifically calls on it ‘review the scientific basis of this regulation and how useful and realistic it is and, if appropriate, to eliminate the concept of nutrient profiles’. A recent survey by Nomisma assessed the impact the ‘traffic light’ system (used by 98% of the big retailers in Great Britain) had between 2013 and 2015 on a range of products. This showed that there had been a significant loss of market share for several European products such as Parmigiano Reggiano, Parma ham and Brie cheese. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2010) Penetration of nutrition information on food labels across the EU-27 plus Turkey. UNIVERSITY OF CANTERBURY - 2014 - Thèse en ligne : The Role of Differential Nutritional Labelling on Consumers’ Food Choices and Perceptions of Healthfulness.

INSPQ (QC) - FEV 2011 - Public Policies on Nutrition Labelling: Effects and Implementation Issues – A Knowledge Synthesis – Highlights. PLOS 20/06/16 The 5-CNL Front-of-Pack Nutrition Label Appears an Effective Tool to Achieve Food Substitutions towards Healthier Diets across Dietary Profiles. Aarhus School of Business - FEV 2012 - Thèse en ligne : The Effect of the ‘Keyhole’ label on the structure of the Danish food market.

PLoS One. 2015; 10(10): Effectiveness of Front-Of-Pack Nutrition Labels in French Adults: Results from the NutriNet-Santé Cohort Study. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2015; 12: 151. Reds are more important than greens: how UK supermarket shoppers use the different information on a traffic light nutrition label in a choice experiment. Appetite Available online 13 October 2015 Cognitive processing of food rewards. <div class="msgBox" style="margin-top:10px;"><span class="errMsg"><div>JavaScript is disabled on your browser.

Appetite Available online 13 October 2015 Cognitive processing of food rewards

Please enable JavaScript to use all the features on this page. This page uses JavaScript to progressively load the article content as a user scrolls. Click the View full text link to bypass dynamically loaded article content. <a rel="nofollow" href=" full text</a></div></span></div><br /> Suzanne Higgs School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT, United Kingdom Received 17 January 2015, Revised 23 August 2015, Accepted 5 October 2015, Available online 13 October 2015 doi:10.1016/j.appet.2015.10.003 Get rights and content Open Access. FOOD MAG 14/04/16 Industry winning the fight against better food labelling. Most people doing their grocery shopping are probably blissfully unaware of the industry lobbying and backroom politics that determines what information appears on food labels.

FOOD MAG 14/04/16 Industry winning the fight against better food labelling

So let’s start with some background. For almost two years, a Commonwealth government-led initiative involving public health and consumer groups, industry organisations as well as state government health authorities has been working to develop an interpretive front-of-pack food labelling scheme. The proposed system echoes the “star ratings” already in use for choosing energy- or water-efficient refrigerators and washing machines, as well as hotels and restaurants. Put simply, the more stars, the healthier the food. But since Australia’s food and health ministers confirmed their commitment to the health star rating system on December 13, 2013, there’s been a steady trickle of food industry media aimed at undermining the scheme.

GLOBAL MEAT NEWS 21/03/16 Seven EU states oppose British traffic light labelling. They have warned that most meat products would gain a ‘red’ label under the system, deterring sales, with traditional product manufacturers having little leeway to reformulate products to gain amber or green light labels.

GLOBAL MEAT NEWS 21/03/16 Seven EU states oppose British traffic light labelling.

In the traffic light labelling system, ‘red’ means high, ‘amber’ medium, and ‘green’ denotes low levels of fat, sugar, salt and calories. The governments of Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia and Spain have joined forces to say in a document that this labelling system, “aimed at classifying food as more or less ‘healthy’ mainly by assigning a specific colour”, did not respect the EU’s food information to consumers (FIC) regulation 1169/2011. Under that law, by 13 December 2016, food firms must provide nutrition information on their products. It is ultimately up to the European Commission to decide whether traffic light labelling complies with the regulation’s requirements. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 28/07/15 The Impact of Traffic Light Color-Coding on Food Health Perceptions and Choice.

Nutrients 2015, 7(8), Objective Understanding of Front-of-Package Nutrition Labels among Nutritionally At-Risk Individuals. 1.

Nutrients 2015, 7(8), Objective Understanding of Front-of-Package Nutrition Labels among Nutritionally At-Risk Individuals

Introduction In the current fight against chronic diseases, promoting a healthy diet is a major objective of public health policies around the world [1]. One possible strategy for promoting a healthy diet is to encourage healthier food choices at the point of purchase [2]. However, in many western countries, the nutritional information currently displayed on food packages is generally difficult to read and interpret [3]. Thus, efforts should be made to provide simple and easily comprehensible information in order to enable consumers to make informed choices. Existing nutrition labels can be divided into two main categories: nutrient-specific labels and summary labels.

A theoretical framework was proposed by Grunert et al., to describe consumer food choice mechanisms when confronted with nutrition labeling [5]. The main purpose of this study which used a sample of French adults was to identify individuals with a reduced ability to rank products according to nutritional quality. 2. RESEARCH COUNCIL UK 23/05/14 Front of pack food Labelling: Impact on Consumer Choice. Recent trends in adult obesity continue to rise, and the contribution of unhealthy diets to excess mortality is estimated to be 33,000 death per year.

RESEARCH COUNCIL UK 23/05/14 Front of pack food Labelling: Impact on Consumer Choice

Food labelling is assumed to be a broad population approach to improving food purchases but the impact of labelling remains unknown. Our study will assess the impact of front of pack (FOP) labelling schemes commonly used in the UK on consumer purchasing decisions. FOP labelling is defined here as schemes that highlight the level of nutrients within a food in an 'at a glance' format on the front of the pack (e.g. traffic light labelling, % GDAs, 'healthy choices' logos). This research will not only assess the evidence of this impact but also develop new methods, provide a unique and rich dataset of food purchasing, and pilot test a key current UK government public health initiative.

Beneficiaries from this research are:WHO? CONSUMERS INTERNATIONAL - 2015 - Nutrition labelling on pre-packaged foods. Appetite Volume 91, 1 August 2015, Using traffic light labels to improve food selection in recreation and sport facility eating environments ☆ Research report a School of Public Health, 3-300 Edmonton Clinic Health Academy, University of Alberta, 11405 87 Ave, Edmonton, AB T6G 1C9, Canadab Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, 2-021D Li Ka Shing Centre, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E1, Canada Received 8 August 2014, Revised 27 February 2015, Accepted 16 April 2015, Available online 23 April 2015.

Appetite Volume 91, 1 August 2015, Using traffic light labels to improve food selection in recreation and sport facility eating environments ☆

UNIVERSITAT BONN 09/03/15 Traffic light food labels strengthen self-control. Researchers at the University of Bonn decode the interaction of brain regions involved in purchase decisions Should food products be labeled with traffic light symbols to make health-related information on ingredients easier to understand? This question has remained a subject of debate. Now researchers at the University of Bonn have reached the conclusion that the traffic light label is more effective in helping consumers resist high-calorie foods than a purely information-based label. Scientists observed study participants in the brain scanner as they made purchase decisions. The study has just been published in the journal Obesity. JUST FOOD 02/10/14 Brussels starts proceedings against UK over traffic light labels.

The European Commission has said it is formally opening infraction proceedings against the UK for its traffic light food labelling system. Earlier this year EU member states said the Commission should examine the front-of-pack labelling system following complains from Italy. Rome argued the labels undermine the principles of the EU's internal market. It claimed the "hybrid" scheme affects the free circulation of goods in the EU, as well as the correct information for consumers. The Commission has now sent the UK a letter requesting it "submits explanations concerning different potential issues arising from the development of the guide". "The concern is that the manner in which the front-of-pack labelling scheme was developed, and more specifically its correlation with the traffic light system, is likely to make the marketing of some products more difficult and thus hinder or impede trade between EU countries.

" The Commission expects the UK to respond to its request within two months. Agro FOOD Industry Hi Tech - vol 25(4) - July/August 2014 Food Labelling: Underutilised opportunities to improve public health. JAMA The Journal of the American Medical Association. 02/2010; Front-of-Package Food Labels Public Health or Propaganda? Nutrients 2015, 7, 1068-1080 Relationships among Food Label Use, Motivation, and Dietary Quality. UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA - SEPT 2014 - A Mobile Food Recommendation System Based on The Traffic Light Diet. EUROPEAN PARLIAMENTARY LABOUR PARTY - OCT 2014 - Lettre à la commission Européenne concernant le "traffic light"

ADVANCES IN CONSUMER RESEARCH - 2012 - The Traffic Light Colors Red and Green in the Context of Healthy Food Decision-Making. ACT_GOV_AU - 2013 - The Traffic Light System in Schools. CHARTERED INSTITUTE OF MARKETING - MARS 2014 - Infography - RESPONSIBLE FOOD LABELLING - Do shoppers really understand the food traffic light system as well as they think?

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA - 2013 - Traffic Light Labeling on Restaurant Menus: A Call for the Communication of Nutrition Information Through Color-Coded Prices. HARPER ADAMS UNIVERSITY 24/06/13 Our World View: Traffic light food labelling signals integrity for consumers. 24 June 2013 Ralph Early A monthly comment from a member of staff at Harper Adams University. Head of Food Science and Agri-Food Supply Chain Management, Ralph Early. "So, food labelling is once again in the headlines. The Government recently announced that a revised ‘traffic light’ system of consistent front-of-pack information on grocery food products is to be introduced during the next 18 months. The new system will combine nutrition information with colour coding in a clearly visible and easily understandable form.

Food product labels fulfil many functions. Many food labels also carry coding which allows products to be identified correctly such that they, and theoretically their ingredients, can be traced right back through the food supply system to the points of origin. Appetite Volume 91, 1 August 2015, Making food labels social: The impact of colour of nutritional labels and injunctive norms on perceptions and choice of snack foods ☆ <div class="msgBox" style="margin-top:10px;"><span class="errMsg"><div>JavaScript is disabled on your browser. Please enable JavaScript to use all the features on this page. This page uses JavaScript to progressively load the article content as a user scrolls. Click the View full text link to bypass dynamically loaded article content. BMC Public Health 2015, 15:179 Performance of a five category front-of-pack labelling system – the 5-colour nutrition label – to differentiate nutritional quality of breakfast cereals in France.

European Association of Agricultural Economists>2011 International Congress, August 30-September 2, 2011, Consumer Acceptance of. Am J Prev Med. 2012 Aug;43(2):134-41. Facts up front versus traffic light food labels: a randomized controlled trial. Appetite. 2014 Feb;73:23-30. The effect of energy and traffic light labelling on parent and child fast food selection: a randomi. FOOD MAG (AU) 04/02/14 Industry winning the fight against better food labelling. Most people doing their grocery shopping are probably blissfully unaware of the industry lobbying and backroom politics that determines what information appears on food labels. So let’s start with some background. FOOD MAGAZINE 22/10/13 Italy criticises UK’s ‘traffic light’ food labelling system. A voluntary UK health initiative announced in June this year known as the ‘traffic-light system’ has been criticised by the Italian government and labelled as a form of discrimination against the nation’s traditional foods.

Preventive Medicine Volume 57, Issue 4, October 2013, A traffic light food labeling intervention increases consumer awareness of. DESIGN WEEK 19/06/13 ‘Traffic light’ food labelling system finally rolls out. Wed, 19 Jun 2013 | By Angus Montgomery. BBC 18/06/13 Food labelling: Consistent system to be rolled out. 18 June 2013Last updated at 19:10 ET By Nick Triggle Health correspondent, BBC News The new labelling system will be rolled out over the next 18 months. THE GUARDIAN 19/06/13 Food packaging 'traffic lights' to signal healthy choices on salt, fat and sugar. REUTERS 21/02/14 Britain's 'traffic light' food labels spur EU inquiry. BRUSSELS Fri Feb 21, 2014 7:08pm GMT. FOOD NAVIGATOR 24/02/14 EU to reassess UK traffic light labels. The European Commission has said it will investigate the impact of the UK’s voluntary traffic light nutrition labelling scheme, after several EU member states led by the Italian delegation complained that it could harm EU trading.

The Italian delegation brought the issue to a Council meeting on competitiveness last week, after it also brought its case to the Council in December. The UK’s traffic light labels assign green, amber and red colours front-of-pack for sugar, salt, fat and calorie levels, alongside EU-mandated reference intakes (RIs). Italy claims the UK scheme could harm trade in European traditional goods and the free circulation of goods in the EU internal market. The Commission said in a statement on Friday that the UK’s hybrid nutrition labelling proposals had “triggered vivid reactions” and it would assess the system’s conformity with EU law and its impact on the internal market. EHN 04/06/14 Councils call for mandatory food labelling. Confusing food labels are fuelling the UK’s obesity crisis, the Local Government Association (LGA) has warned. The LGA said the plethora of different systems currently being used by the food industry and supermarkets was baffling shoppers.

It urged the government to make the voluntary traffic light front-of-pack labeling scheme introduced last year, which is endorsed by public health experts, mandatory. BLACKMORE VALE MAGAZINE 05/06/14 Food giants urged to commit to standardised food labelling. Comments (0) Food and confectionery giants are being urged to sign up to standardised food labelling with councils warning the current confusion is fuelling the obesity crisis. LOCALGOV 02/06/14 Councils call for more clarity over food labelling. FOOD MANUFACTURE 04/06/14 Food firms slam local government labelling criticism. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-000854-14 Introduction of the ‘traffic light’ labelling system in the United Kingdom a. FSA 19/06/13 Front-of-pack nutrition labelling.