PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-004460/2021 Subject: Tagging of deer. FOODS 01/11/21 Real-Time PCR Assay for the Detection and Quantification of Roe Deer to Detect Food Adulteration—Interlaboratory Validation Involving Laboratories in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland. Game meat products are particularly prone to be adulterated by replacing game meat with cheaper meat species.
Recently, we have presented a real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay for the identification and quantification of roe deer in food. Quantification of the roe deer content in % (w/w) was achieved relatively by subjecting the DNA isolates to a reference real-time PCR assay in addition to the real-time PCR assay for roe deer. Aiming at harmonizing analytical methods for food authentication across EU Member States, the real-time PCR assay for roe deer has been tested in an interlaboratory ring trial including 14 laboratories from Austria, Germany, and Switzerland.
VETERINARY WORLD 22/09/21 Zoonotic diseases appeared to be a major hurdle to successful deer farming in Bangladesh. Research (Published online: 22-09-2021) 22.
Zoonotic diseases appeared to be a major hurdle to successful deer farming in Bangladesh Sajeda Sultana, Nazneen Sultana, Mahmuda Islam, Munmun Pervin, Md. Ariful Islam Khan and Mohammad Abu Hadi Noor Ali Khan. PATHOGENS 10/03/21 Molecular Detection of Selected Pathogens with Zoonotic Potential in Deer Keds (Lipoptena fortisetosa) Deer keds are obligatory hematophagous ectoparasites of birds and mammals.
Cervids serve as specific hosts for these insects. However, ked infestations have been observed in non-specific hosts, including humans, companion animals, and livestock. Lipoptena fortisetosa is a weakly studied ectoparasite, but there is evidence to indicate that it continues to spread across Europe. The existing knowledge on deer keds’ impact on wildlife is superficial, and their veterinary importance is enigmatic. Lipoptena fortisetosa is a species with vectorial capacity, but potential pathogen transmission has not been assessed. ►▼ Show Figures. VIRUSES 17/08/20 Rabbit Hemorrhagic Disease Virus Isolated from Diseased Alpine Musk Deer (Moschus sifanicus) Rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) is the causative agent of rabbit hemorrhagic disease (RHD), and its infection results in mortality of 70–90% in farmed and wild rabbits.
RHDV is thought to replicate strictly in rabbits. However, there are also reports showing that gene segments from the RHDV genome or antibodies against RHDV have been detected in other animals. Here, we report the detection and isolation of a RHDV from diseased Alpine musk deer (Moschussifanicus). The clinical manifestations in those deer were sudden death without clinical signs and hemorrhage in the internal organs. To identify the potential causative agents of the disease, we used sequence independent single primer amplification (SISPA) to detect gene segments from viruses in the tissue samples collected from the dead deer. ►▼ Show Figures Figure 1. VIRUSES 13/07/20 Serosurveillance and Molecular Investigation of Wild Deer in Australia Reveals Seroprevalence of Pestivirus Infection.
Since deer were introduced into Australia in the mid-1800s, their wild populations have increased in size and distribution, posing a potential risk to the livestock industry, through their role in pathogen transmission cycles.
In comparison to livestock, there are limited data on viral infections in all wildlife, including deer. The aim of this study was to assess blood samples from wild Australian deer for serological evidence of exposure to relevant viral livestock diseases. Blood samples collected across eastern Australia were tested by ELISA to detect antigens and antibodies against Pestivirus and antibodies against bovine herpesvirus 1.
A subset of samples was also assessed by RT-PCR for Pestivirus, Simbu serogroup, epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus and bovine ephemeral fever virus. Our findings demonstrated a very low seroprevalence (3%) for ruminant Pestivirus, and none of the other viruses tested were detected. UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 22/05/20 Présentation: The Cervidae Health Research Initiative: Promoting deer health to the farmed deer industry in Florida. TRANSBOUNDARY AND EMERGING DISEASES 01/08/20 Detection of new Crimean–Congo haemorrhagic fever virus genotypes in ticks feeding on deer and wild boar, Spain.
PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY - 2018 - Thèse en ligne : SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL PATTERNS IN WHITE-TAILED DEER FAWN SURVIVAL AND CAUSE-SPECIFIC MORTALITY. MICROORGANISMS 12/12/19 Transmission Network of Deer-Borne Mycobacterium bovis Infection Revealed by a WGS Approach. Bovine tuberculosis (TB) is a zoonotic disease, mainly caused by Mycobacterium bovis.
France was declared officially TB free in 2001, however, the disease persists in livestock and wildlife. Among wild animals, deer are particularly susceptible to bovine TB. Here, a whole genome sequence (WGS) analysis was performed on strains with the same genetic profile—spoligotype SB0121, Multiple Loci VNTR Analysis (MLVA) 6 4 5 3 11 2 5 7—isolated from different types of outbreaks, including from deer or cattle herds, or zoological or hunting parks where the presence of infected deer was a common trait in most of them.
The results of the phylogeny based on the SNP calling shows that two sub-clusters co-exist in France, one related to deer bred to be raised as livestock, and the other to hunting parks and zoos. ►▼ Show Figures Figure 1 Bovine tuberculosis (TB) is a zoonotic disease, mainly caused by Mycobacterium bovis. ►▼ Show Figures Figure 1. Microbial Pathogenesis Volume 149, December 2020, Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in the endangered Père David's deer (Elaphurus davidianus) in China. Microb Genom. 2020 Aug; 6(8): Mycobacterium bovis genomics reveals transmission of infection between cattle and deer in Ireland.
International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife Volume 11, April 2020, Prevalence of common tick-borne pathogens in white-tailed deer and coyotes in south Texas. Anderson et al., 1992 B.E.
Anderson, C.E. Greene, D.C. Jones, J.E. VETERINARY RECORD 18/01/17 Control of bovine tuberculosis in a farmed red deer herd in England. BMC VETERINARY RESEARCH 01/09/20 A participatory surveillance of marsh deer (Blastocerus dichotomus) morbidity and mortality in Argentina: first results. First steps towards building a participatory surveillance network of marsh deer morbidity and mortality The participatory surveillance network was made up of researchers, field partners (veterinarians, park rangers, livestock and timber producers, and local community), and decision makers in the two largest populations of marsh deer in Argentina located in Ibera Wetlands (IW) and Lower Delta (LD).
In IW, the network included personnel from national and provincial protected areas, NGOs, and private veterinarians. In LD, the activities were integrated into the work programme and management structure of the “Marsh Deer Scientific Technical Committee” (CCP) and included samplings during live captures carried out by “Pantano Project”. The work was gradually articulated in both study areas.
Vestnik zoologii,44(1): 15–22, 2010 HELMINTH FAUNA OF ROE DEER (CAPREOLUS CAPREOLUS) IN UKRAINE: BIODIVERSITY AND PARASITE COMMUNITY. PARASITES & VECTORS 03/01/18 First detection and genetic characterisation of Enterocytozoon bieneusi in wild deer in Melbourne’s water catchments in Australia. BMC VETERINARY RESEARCH - 2017 - Quantifying capture stress in free ranging European roe deer (Capreolus capreolus)
PLOS 07/04/17 Mule deer spatial association patterns and potential implications for transmission of an epizootic disease. Abstract Animal social behaviour can have important effects on the long-term dynamics of diseases.
In particular, preferential spatial relationships between individuals can lead to differences in the rates of disease spread within a population. We examined the concurrent influence of genetic relatedness, sex, age, home range overlap, time of year, and prion disease status on proximal associations of adult Rocky Mountain mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus hemionus) in a chronic wasting disease endemic area. We also quantified the temporal stability of these associations across different sex, age, and disease status classes. We used three years of high frequency telemetry data from 74 individuals to record encounters within 25 m of each other, and to calculate seasonal home range overlap measured by volume of intersection (VI). Editor: Cheryl S. Received: August 17, 2016; Accepted: March 24, 2017; Published: April 7, 2017 Copyright: © 2017 Mejía-Salazar et al.
Introduction Methods Fig 1. PLOS 19/01/17 Assessing Fifty Years of General Health Surveillance of Roe Deer in Switzerland: A Retrospective Analysis of Necropsy Reports. Submitted material and performed laboratory analyses Of the 1571 cases considered for this study, nearly 80% consisted of whole carcasses (n = 1227; versus 344 cases consisting of selected organs).
Almost 50% were animals found dead (n = 767), followed by those culled due to disease signs (35%, n = 546) or hunted (3%, n = 41); in 218 cases the manner of death was not provided. Females and males were similarly represented (757 and 708, respectively) but 106 roe deer were of unknown sex. Regarding age, 60% were adults (n = 875), of which 14% (n = 123) were indicated as old individuals. Fawns represented nearly a third of the cases (n = 431) while yearlings were only 10% (n = 157) and the age was not indicated for 104 cases. CDC EID - JANV 2017 - Hepatitis E Virus in Wild Boars and Spillover Infection in Red and Roe Deer, Germany, 2013–2015. BioMed Research International Volume 2015 (2015) Comparative Evaluation of Different Test Combinations for Diagnosis of Mycobacterium avium Subspecies paratuberculosis Infecting Dairy Herds in India.
BioMed Research International Volume 2015 (2015), First Report of Hepatitis E Virus Infection in Sika Deer in China. New Microbe and New Infect 2015;8:19–20 Acute Q fever infection in Thuringia, Germany, after burial of roe deer fawn cadavers (Capreoluscapreolus): a case report. BMC Vet Res. 2016 Jan 14;12:11. Evidence of shared bovine viral diarrhea infections between red deer and extensively raised cattle in south-central Spain. 16th Nordic Conference on Reindeer and Reindeer Husbandry Research Tromsø, Norway, 16th-18th November 2010 Are we facing new health challenges and diseases in reindeer in Fennoscandia?
VETERINARSKI ARCHIV - 2012 - Health status of red deer and roe deer in Gorski kotar, Croatia. Veterinary research 41, 2 (2010) Transmission of bovine viral diarrhea virus among white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) Int J Circumpolar Health. 2012; 71: Level of selected toxic elements in meat, liver, tallow and bone marrow of young semi-domest.