The International Journal of Sociology of Agriculture and Food - 2019 - Defining agroecology Exploring the circulation of knowledge in FAO’s Global. This article traces how ‘agroecology’ is co-produced as a global socio-technical object.
The site of co-production, the Global Dialogue on Agroecology, was convened by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in different cities around the world between 2014 and 2018 (Rome 2014; Brasilia, Dakar, Bangkok 2015; La Paz, Kunming, Budapest 2016; Rome 2018). We analyze these ‘expert’ symposia and regional meetings by exploring how knowledge about agroecology circulates and frames the terms of debate. Our analysis is based on an ethnography carried out by the first author since 2013 and participant observations by both authors in the Global Dialogue. Journal of Rural Studies Volume 71, October 2019, The economic potential of agroecology: Empirical evidence from Europe.
Résumé traduit : Cet article traite des dimensions économiques des systèmes agricoles agroécologiques en Europe. Il élabore d'abord théoriquement les raisons pour lesquelles, et dans quelles conditions, les systèmes agricoles agroécologiques ont le potentiel de produire des revenus plus élevés que les exploitations qui suivent la logique conventionnelle. Cet exposé théorique est ensuite suivi d'une présentation de matériel empirique provenant d'un large éventail de pays européens qui montre à quel point ce potentiel est réalisé. Les données empiriques s'appuient sur différents styles d'agriculture que l'on peut qualifier de «proto-agroécologiques»: des approches de l'agriculture qui sont par nature agroécologiques, mais qui ne se définissent pas nécessairement explicitement comme agroécologiques. Le matériel empirique que nous présentons montre l'énorme potentiel et les opportunités radicales que le `` tournant agroécologique '', souvent silencieux, offre aux agriculteurs qui pourraient (et devraient) être la base de la future transformation des politiques agricoles européennes, puisque l'agroécologie ne permet pas seulement une production plus durable d'aliments plus sains, mais améliore également considérablement les revenus des agriculteurs. Elle porte également la promesse de ré-élargir l'emploi agricole productif (et assimilé) et d'augmenter le revenu total généré par le secteur agricole, aux niveaux régional et national. Tout en reconnaissant que l'agroécologie est un phénomène mondial et multidimensionnel, nous avons choisi de limiter cette analyse à l'Europe et à la dimension économique. Ce choix est fait pour réfuter les discours actuels qui représentent l'agroécologie comme improductive et non rentable et une option qui exigerait des subventions massives. – guatemalt
FRONT. SUSTAIN. FOOD SYST. 24/06/20 Agroecological Transitions: A Mathematical Perspective on a Transdisciplinary Problem. Introduction Conventional agricultural systems today contribute largely to climate change, biodiversity loss, and resource scarcity.
Our global food system (agriculture, forestry, and other land use) is responsible for upwards to 23% of all anthropogenic green-house gas emissions according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) (2019). Over the past 50 years, crop yields have increased by 47% along with a 500% increase in fertilizer application rates (Foley et al., 2011; Schipanski et al., 2016).
This has come at the cost of over 400 marine hypoxic regions worldwide and a significant increase in N2O emissions (a greenhouse gas 265–298 times more potent than CO2 on a 100 years timescale) (Diaz and Rosenberg, 1995; Pachauri and Reisinger, 2007; Foley et al., 2011; Zhang, 2017). Food systems also face increasingly difficult social dilemmas.
The agroecology referred to is a related yet distinct alternative. A Mathematical Perspective on Agroecological Transitions The Peasant. FRONT. SUSTAIN. FOOD SYST. 07/07/20 Confronting Complexity in Agroecology: Simple Models From Turing to Simon. From the locust plagues with which Yaweh threatened Egypt to the coffee rust disease that threatens the supply of the world's most important drug, the idea of an agricultural pest gives rise to the idea of control, the holy grail of Western civilization—control of nature, that is.
I often wondered why Yaweh caused the Red Sea to part so as to provide the Israelites passage, when he could just as easily have sent a big boat for them, given his previous experience with gigantic boats. But the truth is that parting of the seas represents much more of a symbol, the control of nature, whereas a boat would have implied the rather unimpressive “working with nature.” Floating on water is far less impressive than making it behave miraculously. It was not really just about saving the Israelites, it was as much an attempt to prove dominance over nature. Not all the world was as credulous as the forebears of the Judeo/Christian/Islamic tradition. Agriculture and Human Values 12/05/20 Agroecology and the emergence of a post COVID-19 agriculture. For years agroecologists have warned that industrial agriculture became too narrow ecologically, highly dependent on outside inputs, and extremely vulnerable to insect pests, diseases, climate change and now as demonstrated by the COVID19 pandemic prone to a complete shut down by unforeseen crisis.
Like never before, COVID19 has revealed how closely linked human, animal and ecological health are. As a powerful systemic approach, agroecology reveals that the way we practice agriculture can provide opportunities for improving environmental and human health, but if done wrongly, agriculture can cause major risks to health. The last pandemics (African swine fever, novel influenza H1N1) were all linked to large scale animal production which creates opportunities for many viruses to mutate and spread. The practices at these industrial operations not only leave animals more susceptible to viral infections, but can sponsor the conditions by which pathogens can evolve to more infectious types. META EEB 24/03/20 Agroecology: Farming for a better future?
Polis [online]. 2015, vol.14, n.41, Agroecology and complexity: Coupling technique with ecosystem organization. Services on Demand Journal Article Indicators Related links.
CIRAD VIA QUAE - 2019 - The agroecological transition of agricultural systems in the Global South. The Journal of Peasant Studies - 2018 - Taking agroecology to scale: the Zero Budget Natural Farming peasant movement in Karnataka, India. Sustainability 2018, 10(4), 1214; Agroecology in Europe: Research, Education, Collective Action Networks, and Alternative Food Systems. MDPI and ACS Style Wezel, A.; Goette, J.; Lagneaux, E.; Passuello, G.; Reisman, E.; Rodier, C.; Turpin, G.
Agroecology in Europe: Research, Education, Collective Action Networks, and Alternative Food Systems. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1214. AMA Style. Sustainability 2018, 10(4), 1210; Development of the Concept of Agroecology in Europe: A Review. 1.
Introduction. Sustainability 2018, 10(5), 1311; Agroecology Development in Eastern Europe—Cases in Czech Republic, Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland, Romania, and Slovakia. 1.
Agroecology as a Scientific Discipline Agroecology stands at the interface of several disciplines, its name being based on two fundamental disciplines: ecology and agronomy. The primary focus of ecology is on natural systems, while the focus of agronomy lies in the research and application of scientific knowledge relevant to agricultural practice [1,2,3,4]. Agroecology focuses on research into the use and functioning of fields and generally farmed ecosystems. STELLENBOSCH UNIVERSITY - 2016 - Thèse en ligne :AGRO-ECOLOGICAL AND CONSERVATION AGRICULTURE PRINCIPLES TO ASSIST LARGE-SCALE DRYLAND SUGARCANE FARMERS IN THE KWAZULU-NATAL MIDLANDS SOUTH REGION TO IMPROVE SOIL QUALITY. ENGLISH SUMMARY: Average sugarcane yields over the past four decades in some regions of the South African sugarcane industry have reached a plateau or are declining.
One of the reasons for sugarcane yield decline is soil degradation. The aim of this research was to ascertain if Agro-ecological and Conservation Agriculture principles could assist large-scale dryland sugarcane farmers to improve soil quality. The research questions were designed to determine the perspectives of researchers and the targeted group of sugarcane farmers’ on soil quality and how they engaged with the topic. A further objective was to ascertain what sugarcane farming practices were recommended and implemented to improve soil quality and whether they conformed to Agro-ecological or Conservation Agriculture practices.
AFRIKAANS OPSOMMING: Die gemiddelde suikerrietopbrengs het oor die afgelope vier dekades in sekere streke van Suid-Afrika ‘n plato bereik of selfs afgeneem. Sustainability 2017, 9(5), 705; Integrating Agroecology and Participatory Action Research (PAR): Lessons from Central America. Sustainability 2018, 10(9), 3299; Agroecology in Canada: Towards an Integration of Agroecological Practice, Movement, and Science. MDPI and ACS Style Isaac, M.E.; Isakson, S.R.; Dale, B.; Levkoe, C.Z.; Hargreaves, S.K.; Méndez, V.E.; Wittman, H.; Hammelman, C.; Langill, J.C.; Martin, A.R.; Nelson, E.; Ekers, M.; Borden, K.A.; Gagliardi, S.; Buchanan, S.; Archibald, S.; Gálvez Ciani, A.
These tools are based on the transfer of explicit and tacit knowledge within organizations. We apply one of these tools to help better determine the best knowledge transfer method to implement. Keywords. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems - 2018 - The agroecology of food systems: Reconnecting agriculture, food, and the environment. The Journal of Peasant Studies 30/08/17 Agroecology as a territory in dispute: between institutionality and social movements. FAO - 2017 - Innovations in Agroecology–a case study from the Netherlands.
Sustainability 2017, 9(3), 349; Technological Approaches to Sustainable Agriculture at a Crossroads: An Agroecological Perspective. RESEARCH - 2017 - Landscape and biodiversity as new resources for agro-ecology? Insights from farmers’ perspectives. AGRONOMY 24/05/17 Agro-Ecology for Potential Adaptation of Horticultural Systems to Climate Change: Agronomic and Energetic Performance Evaluation. Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal Vol. 30 No. 7, 2017 Agroecology accounting: biodiversity and sustainable livelihoods from the margins. SUSTAINABILITY 08/06/17 Agroecological and Social Transformations for Coexistence with Semi-Aridity in Brazil. 1. Introduction. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems 17/07/17 Insights from agroecology and a critical next step: Integrating human health. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems - 2017 - Intersection between biodiversity conservation, agroecology, and ecosystem services.
SUSTAINABILITY - 2017 - Agroecology to Promote Just Sustainability Transitions: Analysis of a Civil Society Network in the Rwenzori Region, Western Uganda. GeoJournal 23/07/16 The adoption of agroecology and conventional farming techniques varies with socio-demographic characteristics of small-scale farmers in the Fako and Meme divisions of Cameroon. Educ. Soc. vol.38 no.140 Campinas July/Sept. 2017 Agroecology and rural education: challenges of institutionalization in Brazil. Introdução Muitos são os estudos que fazem uma avaliação crítica dos impactos sociais e culturais da modernização da agricultura no Brasil, expressos especialmente nos modelos de extensão rural e educação agrícola desenvolvidos a partir dos anos 1960 (FREIRE, 2008; CAPORAL, 1998; CAPORAL; COSTABEBER, 2002; KOLLER; SOBRAL, 2010).
As críticas realizadas apontaram como a educação agrícola e a extensão rural foram usadas como uma espécie de “correia de transmissão” para a divulgação das tecnologias contidas nos pacotes da revolução verde, aqui entendida como um conjunto de tecnologias geradas em centros de pesquisas ou instituições de educação agrícola, a fim de aumentar a produtividade, com base na utilização de sementes geneticamente melhoradas, uso de fertilizantes químicos e agrotóxicos, motomecanização e uso de irrigação (MUSSOI, 2011). Tal processo modificou completamente as formas de os camponeses se relacionarem com os seus agroecossistemas. . [...]
SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH - OCT 2017 - Intercropping Empower Reduces Insect Pests and Increases Biodiversity in Agro-Ecosystem. Biotechnology, Agronomy and Society and Environment 20(S1) · April 2016 - Towards sustainable food systems: the concept of agroecology and how it questions current research practices. A review. USDA - MAI 2014 - Competitive Grant To Establish a USDA Center for Behavioral and Experimental Agri-Environmental Policy Research. DANISH CENTRE FOR FOOD AND AGRICULTURE 11/02/16 Agroecology Europe is launched. 2016.02.11 | Janne Hansen A new European association to promote agroecology has been established. Photo: Janne Hansen Agroecology Europe, a new European association to promote agroecology, was created on 27 January 2016 in Graux Estate, Belgium with the participation of 19 founders from 10 countries. Aarhus University is one of the founders. AGPROFESSIONAL 16/11/15 Activist scientists condemn USDA for not supporting agroecology. FOOD SOVEREIGNTY 27/02/15 DECLARATION OF THE INTERNATIONAL FORUM FOR AGROECOLOGY.
FAO - SEPT 2014 - FINAL REPORT for the International Symposium on Agroecology for Food Security and Nutrition 18 and 19 September 2014, Rome, Italy. JOURNAL OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA - 2013 - ADOPTION OF AGRO-ECOLOGY PRACTICES IN SEMI-ARID ENVIRONMENT OF CHIMANIMANI DISTRICT, EASTERN ZIMBABWE. Ecology and Society 17(4): 44 2014 Diversified Farming Systems: An Agroecological, Systems-based Alternative to Modern Industrial Agriculture. NOUVEL OUVRAGE - 2013 - Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems. CORNUCOPIA INSTITUTE 17/12/13 Agroecology Should be at the Core of USDA’s Mission. The comment period recently closed on the USDA’s Research, Education, and Economics (REE) Action Plan Draft, which responded to informal and formal consultations with internal and external advisors and stakeholders, and “lessons learned from implementation of Farm Bill provisions.”
It refines the initial REE Action Plan, which was released in February of 2012. Why should we care? Well, the action plan is meant to identify and outline the core organizing efforts of the USDA’s science agenda, including how the USDA delivers on its the scientific discovery mission through The Agricultural Research Service (ARS), the National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA), the Economic Research Service (ERS) and the National Agricultural Statistics Service. JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENT AND EARTH SCIENCE - 2013 - Impact of Long-term Application of Agrochemicals on the Agro-Ecology of the Lo.
Impact of Long-term Application of Agrochemicals on the Agro-Ecology of the Lower Anambra River Basin Southeast Nigeria. Ogbodo E.N, N.C. Onwa Abstract Information regarding the effect of application of Agro-chemicals on the soil environment of the lower Anambra River Basin is entirely lacking. A study was therefore conducted in the lower Anambra River Basin to assess the impact of long term use of Agrochemicals on the farm environment. ADVANCES IN ECOLOGICAL RESEARCH - 2013 - Networking agroecology: integrating the diversity of agroecosystem interactions. Page 1 Provided for non-commercial research and educational use only. Proceedings of the First International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies for Sustainability ETH Zurich, F.