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Actualités lutte intégrée, agriculture biologique et pommes

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AGRONOMY 31/01/21 Assessment of Agro-Ecological Apple Replant Disease (ARD) Management Strategies: Organic Fertilisation and Inoculation with Mycorrhizal Fungi and Bacteria. All articles published by MDPI are made immediately available worldwide under an open access license.

AGRONOMY 31/01/21 Assessment of Agro-Ecological Apple Replant Disease (ARD) Management Strategies: Organic Fertilisation and Inoculation with Mycorrhizal Fungi and Bacteria

No special permission is required to reuse all or part of the article published by MDPI, including figures and tables. For articles published under an open access Creative Common CC BY license, any part of the article may be reused without permission provided that the original article is clearly cited. Feature Papers represent the most advanced research with significant potential for high impact in the field. Feature Papers are submitted upon individual invitation or recommendation by the scientific editors and undergo peer review prior to publication. The Feature Paper can be either an original research article, a substantial novel research study that often involves several techniques or approaches, or a comprehensive review paper with concise and precise updates on the latest progress in the field that systematically reviews the most exciting advances in scientific literature.

CABI AGRICULTURE - 2021 - Alternative disease management strategies for organic apple production in the United Kingdom. AGRONOMY 30/09/21 Integrated Horticultural Practices for Improving Apple Supply Chain Sustainability: A Case Study in the North China Plain. Apple production provides smallholders with low economic benefits, while high environmental emissions limit the sustainability of the apple supply chain.

AGRONOMY 30/09/21 Integrated Horticultural Practices for Improving Apple Supply Chain Sustainability: A Case Study in the North China Plain

Furthermore, coordination to achieve greater economic benefits and environmental protection, thereby improving the sustainability of the apple supply chain, remains underdeveloped. ARS USDA 13/08/16 The Vulnerability of U.S. Apple (Malus) Genetic Resources. POTATOPRO 17/11/20 Wildflowers could control aphid-borne viruses in potatoes. Sowing wildflowers into potato crops could reduce aphid-carried viruses and offer an alternative to declining access to insecticides for growers.

POTATOPRO 17/11/20 Wildflowers could control aphid-borne viruses in potatoes

In Scotland, trials are being carried out to discover the effectiveness of growing flower strips in tramlines and headlands to promote natural predator populations to reduce pests as part of an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) strategy. Eric Anderson, senior agronomist and potato specialist at Scottish Agronomy, is leading the trials with Scottish Agronomy potato member Jim Reid on Milton of Mathers Farm. Jim is the current AHDB Strategic Potato (SPoT) farm host and, with AHDB, Eric, and Colin Herron, and Colin Ross from McCain Potatoes is looking at different sustainable measures as part of the four-year SPoT farm project. Jim Reid, the current AHDB Strategic Potato (SPoT) farm host, who grows 80 hectares of seed potatoes: PVYn is causing the greatest concern, according to Eric, and pyrethroid insecticides are under review by regulators. INSECTS 01/06/21 Monitoring Chilecomadia valdiviana (Lepidoptera: Cossidae) Using Sex Pheromone-Baited Traps in Apple Orchards in Chile.

Chilecomadia valdiviana (Philippi) (Lepidoptera: Cossidae) is a native xylophagous pest in apple orchards in Chile.

INSECTS 01/06/21 Monitoring Chilecomadia valdiviana (Lepidoptera: Cossidae) Using Sex Pheromone-Baited Traps in Apple Orchards in Chile

A series of experiments evaluated the efficacy of trap type, sex pheromone (Z7,Z10-16:Ald) dose, and trap location in the apple tree canopy on trap catch of male adults. Bucket traps (6 L), with and without roof and cross vane spacers, together with bucket traps (20 L) without roof and spacers, showed higher catches among the four types of traps evaluated. In a second experiment, the UNI-trap and Delta trap showed higher catches than Multipher, wing, and bucket traps (6 L). Male catches were not affected by height when tested at 0, 1.5, and 3 m in the canopy. INRA 06/09/13 Les araignées, nouvelle arme anti-pucerons des pommiers ?

[Article de l'Institut national de la recherche agronomique] Contre les pucerons, on connaissait déjà le recours aux coccinelles.

INRA 06/09/13 Les araignées, nouvelle arme anti-pucerons des pommiers ?

ACADEMIE AGRICULTURE DE FRANCE VIA YOUTUBE 23/11/2020 : Santé des plantes - Webinaire SNHF#4. Innovations Agronomiques 70 (2018), 55-72 Réduire l’emploi des produits phytosanitaires en verger de pommier. Les enseignements du réseau national EXPE Ecophyto Pomme. Abstract : 27 production systems, located on six places in France, compose the national apple network EXPE Ecophyto.

Innovations Agronomiques 70 (2018), 55-72 Réduire l’emploi des produits phytosanitaires en verger de pommier. Les enseignements du réseau national EXPE Ecophyto Pomme.

The study aims to acquire technical and economic references to reduce the use of pesticides and limit detectable residues on fruits. The main mobilized technics are genetics (varietal resistance), cultural practices (prophylaxis), biocontrol products, efficiency (models and decision thresholds, doses modulation, spraying techniques), physical protections (Alt’Carpo nets, rain covers), mechanization (mechanical weed control), beneficial insects (released or by preservation). The economic systems are led with an integrated fruit protection program or in an organic way. On an average of five years, 12 systems (on 19) reached a percentage of reduction of the total chemical treatment frequency indicator (in French : IFT) of more than 50 % with regard to the reference.

CHAMBRES D AGRICULTURE D'AUVERGNE RHONE ALPES - AVRIL 2019. Bulletin technique bio des Chambres d’agriculture d’Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes Au sommaire notamment: L’éclaircissage du pommier en arboriculture biologique. MAA AGRESTE OCCITANIE - AVRIL 2019 - Vergers de pommiers - Alternatives aux traitements chimiques en agriculture biologique. Université d’Avignon et des Pays de Vaucluse 13/12/18 Thèse en ligne : Lutte biologique par conservation dans les verges de pommiers : peut-on manipuler les communautés d’araignées pour augmenter leur efficacité contre certains ravageurs ?

SWEDISH UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES - 2017 - Assessment of functional agrobiodiversity in Swedish apple orchards - Field trials and participatory research. NOTULAE BOTANICAE HORTI 19/09/17 Management of Apple Scab and Powdery Mildew Using Bicarbonate Salts and Other Alternative Organic Products with Fungicide Effect in Apple Cultivars. NC STATE - 2018 - 2018 Integrated Orchard Management Guide for Commercial Apples in the Southeast.

JOURNAL OF APPLIED ECOLOGY 12/11/18 Management trade‐offs on ecosystem services in apple orchards across Europe: Direct and indirect effects of organic production. Fruit consumption is an important part of human nutrition, and the second most important fruit crop globally is apple (FAO, 2018).

JOURNAL OF APPLIED ECOLOGY 12/11/18 Management trade‐offs on ecosystem services in apple orchards across Europe: Direct and indirect effects of organic production

Therefore, the sustainable production of apples is an important goal for human food provisioning. In temperate regions, the by far largest area of fruit production is apple orchards and, similar to other crops, agricultural intensification of these orchards during the last century has increased production through high input of inorganic fertilizers, pesticides, and herbicides (Reganold, Glover, Andrews, & Hinman, 2001).

For instance, chemical pest control is essential for profitable apple production, as more than 50% of the crop may be lost in orchards with no control (Cross, Fountain, Marko, & Nagy, 2015). Intensification in apple orchards, however, leads to increased production costs as well as to environmental detriments both within the orchard and in surrounding areas (Reganold et al., 2001). 2.1 Study regions 2.2 Field sampling 2.4 Statistical analyses A. HORTICULTURE RESEARCH 01/03/18 An integrated approach for increasing breeding efficiency in apple and peach in Europe. FIBL - 2018 - Le BioDiVerger - Quatre années de suivi d’un verger agroforestier et d’un verger épicerie.

BRITISH ECOLOGICAL SOCIETY 25/07/18 Organic management in apple orchards: Higher impacts on biological control than on pollination. Pest regulation and pollination are two essential ecosystem services for the sustainability of food production and of great economic value (Bommarco, Kleijn, & Potts, 2013; Zhang & Swinton, 2012).

BRITISH ECOLOGICAL SOCIETY 25/07/18 Organic management in apple orchards: Higher impacts on biological control than on pollination

Conventional agriculture often deteriorates populations of natural enemies and pollinators (Kennedy et al., 2013; Rusch, Birkhofer, Bommarco, Smith, & Ekbom, 2014). To mitigate these negative effects, organic agriculture has been suggested as an alternative that may restore arthropod communities and their associated ecosystem services at a local and even landscape scale (Emmerson et al., 2016).

Several studies have found a positive effect of organic management on pollination. BIOWALLONIE - MARS 2018 - Bandes fleuries en verger biologique : quel impact sur les bioagresseurs ? AGRARFORSCHUNGSCHWEIZ_ch - 2017 - Sélection des pommes: méthodes, résultats et chances pour l’arboriculture durable. HERBEA - 2016 - Vidéo : Mise en place de la lutte biologique en verger de pommiers.

NOTULAE BOTANICAE HORTI 19/09/17 Management of Apple Scab and Powdery Mildew Using Bicarbonate Salts and Other Alternative Organic Products with Fungicide Effect in Apple Cultivars. PLOS 14/09/17 Bird use of organic apple orchards: Frugivory, pest control and implications for production. Abstract As the largest terrestrial biomes, crop and pasturelands can have very large positive or negative impacts on biodiversity and human well-being.

PLOS 14/09/17 Bird use of organic apple orchards: Frugivory, pest control and implications for production

Understanding how animals use and impact agroecosystems is important for making informed decisions that achieve conservation and production outcomes. Yet, few studies examine the tradeoffs associated with wildlife in agricultural systems. We examined bird use of organic apple orchards as well as how birds influence fruit production positively through control of an economically important insect pest (codling moth (Cydia pomonella)) and negatively through fruit damage. We conducted transect surveys, observed bird frugivory and assessed bird and insect damage with an exclosure experiment in small organic farms in western Colorado.

ERS USDA - JULY 2011 - Characteristics of Conventional and Organic Apple Production in the United States. Journal of Fruit and Ornamental Plant Research – 2012 - ECONOMICS OF THE 2009-2012 ORGANIC APPLE, STRAWBERRY, AND SOUR CHERRY PRODUCTION IN POLAND. BIOACTUALITES_CH 06/02/17 La fiche technique "Recommandations de plantation pour fruits à pépins bio", version de 2017, a été publiée. La Liste énumère les variétés de pommes et de poires qui peuvent être utilisées pour l'arboriculture professionnelle.

BIOACTUALITES_CH 06/02/17 La fiche technique "Recommandations de plantation pour fruits à pépins bio", version de 2017, a été publiée

Elle donne des informations importantes concernant leur aptitude à la culture en conditions bio, spécialement en ce qui concerne la sensibilité aux maladies et la sécurité du rendement. Dans la liste, on trouve également les pépinières arboricoles suisses et étrangères qui offrent des jeunes plantes biologiques, ainsi que des informations importantes concernant la réglementation relative à l'achat de jeunes plantes. La description des variétés a été adaptée en tenant compte des expériences dans la pratique. Deux nouvelles pépinières arboricoles ont été ajoutées. Recommandations de plantation pour fruits à pépins bio (Boutique du FiBL) Pour en savoir davantageVariétés, plants (rubrique arboriculture)

GREENPEACE - JUIN 2015 – Rapport : Pommes empoisonnées - mettre fin à la contamination des vergers par les pesticides grâce à l'agriculture écologique. CONSOGLOBE 13/10/16 Biocoop condamné pour avoir critiqué les pommes non bio. Les magasins Biocoop ont été condamnés, le 21 septembre dernier, pour leur campagne de communication qui appelait, en 2014, au boycott des pommes non bio. Rédigé par Sybille de la Rocque, le 13 oct 2016, à 11 h 15 min. DRIAAF ILE DE FRANCE - 2013 - Programme PRAIRIE 2012-2016 - Lutte biologique en vergers franciliens. Biocontrol Science and Technology Volume 9, Issue 2, 1999 Biocontrol of Pests of Apples and Pears in Northern and Central Europe: 1. Microbial Agents and Nematodes. BIOLOGICAL CONTROL - 1992 - Parasitoids of the Leafminer, Phyllonorycter nr. elmaella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae), on Apple in California: Abundance, Impact on Leafminer, and Insecticide-Induced Mortality.

Actualités lutte intégrée et pommes au Canada

Rev. Bras. Frutic. vol.35 no.2 Jaboticabal June 2013 Nutrition, pests, yield and fruit quality of 'Catarina' apple trees from orchards under integrated and organic production systems. Services on Demand Article Indicators Related links Similars in SciELO Share Permalink. IV International Symposium „Agrosym 2013“ - USE OF PHEROMONES FOR MONITORING AND CONTROL OF MAIN PESTS OF APPLE IN BULGARIA. AGROPARISTECH 31/01/12 Thèse en ligne : Biodiversité et aménagements fonctionnels en verger de pommiers : implication des prédateurs généralistes vertébrés et invertébrés dans le contrôle des ravageurs. UNIVERSITE D AVIGNON - 2014 - thèse en ligne : Evaluation des impacts environnementaux liés aux pratiques phytosanitaires en vergers de pommiers : approches écotoxicologique et écologique utilisant un auxiliaire des cultures, le forficule.

Zemdirbyste Agriculture - 2010 - Toxicity of biopesticides to green apple aphid, predatory insects and mite in an apple-tree orc. UNIVERSITE D AVIGNON 06/12/10 Thèse en ligne : Rôle des ennemis naturels dans la lutte biologique contre le puceron cendré, Dysa. FRESH FRUIT PORTAL 30/01/13 Argentina looks to yeast as biological control for fruit. Argentina looks to yeast as biological control for fruit Send to a friend January 30th, 2013 As destination markets impose stricter rules on chemical residues for fruit imports, Argentine researchers are aiming to develop a yeast-based agent to preserve fruits in a natural way.

The country’s National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET) reports that apple and pear growers in the key growing provinces of Río Negro and Neuquén have historically relied on cold chambers and chemicals to delay fruit decomposition. However, the need for more sustainable horticulture has prompted CONICET to seek out alternatives that are safer and more economic in fighting off pathogens. “The use of microorganisms to protect foods is a promising alternative for the control of unwanted organisms,” said CONICET researcher Marcela Sangorrín. “Yeast are ideal for use in foods as antagonists in food consumption as they are organisms that are safe for humans.” www.freshfruitportal.com.

RESEARCHGATE - AOUT 2013 - Control of apple scab (Venturia inaequalis) using trunk injection of biopesticides and fungicides in. FRESH FRUIT PORTAL 02/11/12 NZ introduces new biocontrol method for apple pest management. Postharvest Biology and Technology Volume 73, November 2012, Pages 56–62 Biocontrol of apple postharvest decay by Aureobasidiu. Criof – Diproval, University of Bologna, Via Gandolfi, 19 40057 Cadriano, Bologna, Italy Received 26 March 2012 Accepted 26 May 2012 Available online 26 June 2012 Choose an option to locate/access this article: Check if you have access through your login credentials or your institution Check access. CHILEAN JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH 72(2) APRIL - JUNE 2012 - RESIDUAL EFFECT OF PESTICIDES USED IN INTEGRATED APPLE PRODUC.

CONFEDERATION SUISSE 04/04/11 Une méthode de lutte biologique contre le feu bactérien à l'essai sur le terrain. Aux États-Unis, au Canada et en Nouvelle-Zélande, trois produits phytosanitaires commerciaux basés sur la bactérie Pantoea agglomerans ont fait leurs preuves dans la lutte contre le feu bactérien. En conditions favorables, leur efficacité atteint soixante à quatre-vingt pour cent. Les spécialistes d‘ACW examinent dans quelles conditions ces produits peuvent aussi constituer pour les agricultrices et les agriculteurs une option intéressante dans la lutte contre le feu bactérien. Premiers succès en l'absence de feu bactérien Les spécialistes d'ACW examinent cette bactérie utile sous toutes les coutures, notamment son comportement lors de températures printanières fraîches comme en 2009 et 2010: sa présence sur les fleurs des arbres fruitiers, son influence sur l'environnement, les résidus sur les fruits.

Pas d'effets secondaires observés Avant d'introduire une bactérie vivante dans l'environnement, son impact doit avoir été suffisamment étudié. L'essai a besoin de chaleur Auteur: J Insect Sci. 2010; 10: 36. Effect of Insecticide Regimens on Biological Control of the Tarnished Plant Bug, Lygus lineolaris, b.

J Insect Sci. 2010; 10: 36. Effect of Insecticide Regimens on Biological Control of the Tarnished Plant Bug, Lygus lineolaris, by Peristenus spp. in New York State Apple Orchards – guatemalt

PRAIRIE 2012 - 2016 - Lutte biologique en vergers franciliens - Cahier des charges. Biocontrol Science and Technology Volume 23, Issue 2, 2013 Flowers for better pest control? The effects of apple orchard ground.