Download.intel.com/products/processor/manual/325462.pdf. Why Learn Assembly Language? Introduction "Assembly language?
Isn't that the hard to read instructions on how to assemble your brand new computer desk? "... No.. What is Assembly Language? x86 Assembly is a programming language for the x86 class of processors (specifically the 32bit x86 processors IA-32 - The instruction set defined by the IA-32 architecture is targeted towards the family of microprocessors installed in the vast majority of personal computers on the planet.
Background I thought assembly was a dead language, why waste the time? Though it's true, you probably won't find yourself writing your next customer's app in assembly, there is still much to gain from learning assembly. So why should you care? Points of Interest Wirth's Law I remember dialling into a BBS on my 486 with my brand new 2400bps modem. My Eyes are Open! I realize now that learning assembly language will teach me about the inner workings of the computer. Resources on Learning Assembly How To Use Debug - Introduction to x86 Assembly Language. The Tao Of Programming.
Translated by Geoffrey James Transcribed by Duke Hillard Transmitted by Anupam Trivedi, Sajitha Tampi, and Meghshyam Jagannath Re-html-ized and edited by Kragen Sittler Last modified 1996-04-10 or earlier Table of Contents Book 1 - The Silent Void Thus spake the master programmer: ``When you have learned to snatch the error code from the trap frame, it will be time for you to leave.'' Something mysterious is formed, born in the silent void.
If the Tao is great, then the operating system is great. The Tao of Programming flows far away and returns on the wind of morning. The Tao gave birth to machine language. The assembler gave birth to the compiler. Each language has its purpose, however humble. But do not program in COBOL if you can avoid it. In the beginning was the Tao. Programmers that do not comprehend the Tao are always running out of time and space for their programs.
Low Level Details. When I started programming many of the elements we take for granted now, did not exist. There was no DirectX and not many compatible libs were available for the free compilers of the day. So I had to write my own code for most basic programs, keyboard handlers, mouse handlers, video memory accessors, rasterizers, texture mappers, blitters… the programs I wrote then were 100% my own code and I had to be able to handle anything and everything. Personally I’ve always been interested in what was going on under the hood so this suited me just fine. Low Level Bit Hacks.
I decided to write an article about a thing that is second nature to embedded systems programmers - low level bit hacks.
Bit hacks are ingenious little programming tricks that manipulate integers in a smart and efficient manner. Instead of performing some operation (such as counting the 1 bits in an integer) by looping over individual bits, these programming nuggets do the same with one or two carefully chosen bitwise operations. To get things going I'll assume that you know what the two's complement binary representation of an integer is and also that you know all the the bitwise operations. I'll use the following notation for bitwise operations in the article: Cache Coherency explained. Cache coherency explained The Intel SA-110 StrongARM processor is a Harvard cache architecture processor – hence it uses separate instruction and data caches, and in addition its data cache is a write-back cache.
This raises cache coherency problems in a multiprocessing configuration.
Computer Science. Higher Order Macros in C++