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Fake News (citizenship and virtual worlds)

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10 Examples of Fake News from History - The Social Historian. This month, Facebook began prompting users in fourteen countries to read a guide on the fake news phenomenon, with a list of tips that included being skeptical about headlines and checking the source of the story.

10 Examples of Fake News from History - The Social Historian

‘False news is harmful to our community, it makes the world less informed, and it erodes trust,’ Facebook’s Adam Mosseri said. ‘All of us – tech companies, media companies, newsrooms, teachers – have a responsibility to do our part in addressing it.’ Is fake news a new phenomenon? Not at all. It turns out, the more things change, the more they stay the same, or as the French say, plus ça change, plus c’est la même chose. 1. Back in the mid-1700s, during the height of the Jacobite rebellion in Great Britain, seditious printers printed fake news, even going so far as to report that King George II was ill, in an attempt to destabilize the establishment. As long ago as this was, printing fake news about the Monarchy was not new in the 1700s either. 2. It can’t be left to Facebook to safeguard our democracy. Facebook has taken action to deactivate Conservative Party adverts for their “misuse” of the platform, following a discovery by Full Fact that the adverts misrepresented a BBC News article.

It can’t be left to Facebook to safeguard our democracy

The party was running a number of adverts which appeared to include a BBC News article with the misleading headline “£14 billion pound cash boost for schools''. YouTube. The (almost) complete history of 'fake news' Image copyright Alamy In record time, the phrase morphed from a description of a social media phenomenon into a journalistic cliche and an angry political slur.

The (almost) complete history of 'fake news'

How did the term "fake news" evolve - and what's next in the world of disinformation? It was mid-2016, and Buzzfeed's media editor, Craig Silverman, noticed a funny stream of completely made-up stories that seemed to originate from one small Eastern European town. "We ended up finding a small cluster of news websites all registered in the same town in Macedonia called Veles," Silverman recalls. He and a colleague started to investigate, and shortly before the US election they identified at least 140 fake news websites which were pulling in huge numbers on Facebook. The young people in Veles may or may not have had much interest in American politics, but because of the money to be made via Facebook advertising, they wanted their fiction to travel widely on social media. NPR Choice page. Why fake news on social media travels faster than the truth. False news is more novel than true news, and that may be why we share the false much faster and more widely.

Why fake news on social media travels faster than the truth

Prominent responses to false news include surprise, fear and disgust. True news tends to be met with sadness, joy, anticipation and trust. Humans are more likely than automated processes to be responsible for the spread of fake news. These insights emerge from a large and impressive study published on 9 March in the journal Science. Researchers at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, interested in how and why true and false news stories spread differently, used 126,000 stories that had been tweeted by 3 million people a total of 4.5m times. The study is unsettling reading, especially in light of what has so far emerged from US intelligence agencies, congressional inquiries and the special prosecutor Robert Mueller about use of social media to distort the 2016 presidential election.

The real people pretending to be 'Boris bots' on Facebook. Image copyright Facebook Thousands of nearly identical messages of support for Boris Johnson are being posted to Facebook pages.

The real people pretending to be 'Boris bots' on Facebook

It's prompted concerns about whether "bots", or automated inauthentic accounts, are being used to try to sway voters. While bots do exist, the BBC has spoken to real people, both for and against Brexit, who have posted such comments. They're doing it because they think it's funny - and to try to trick the other side. What do the messages say? The bot-like messages say things like "I support Boris 100%" and "Brilliant!

". There is similar activity on Jeremy Corbyn's official page but it is not nearly at the level as on Johnson's, which is liked by more than 700,000 people. Stranger things On some Johnson posts something even stranger is going on. Lots of similar comments have appeared which include odd symbols and characters. Fake news: How can we know what's true? - BBC Newsnight. The godfather of fake news. Trending - The History of ‘Fake News’ (Part 2) - BBC Sounds. Trending - The History of ‘Fake News’ (Part 1) - BBC Sounds. How a misleading story about Lib Dem leader Jo Swinson's husband went viral. Image copyright Getty Images Misleading politics stories go viral online all the time.

How a misleading story about Lib Dem leader Jo Swinson's husband went viral

The action gets particularly frantic during an election campaign. This is the story of how one tale - involving Liberal Democrat leader Jo Swinson and her husband Duncan Hames - became one of the most-shared politics stories in the first few days of 2019's battle, with a potential audience of more than 1.5 million people. A BBC Trending investigation tracked down the people, from an Italian in North Wales to a barman in London, who exaggerated genuine facts and helped the story go viral via some of Britain's biggest political pages and groups on Facebook. Multiple versions of the story exist, many with different details. Where did it come from?