Book of the Dead
Get flash to fully experience Pearltrees
This detail scene, from the Papyrus of Hunefer (ca. 1275 B.C.), shows the scribe Hunefer's heart being weighed on the scale of Maat against the feather of truth, by the jackal-headed Anubis . The Ibis-headed Thoth , scribe of the gods, records the result. If his heart is lighter than the feather, Hunefer is allowed to pass into the afterlife.
The Books of Breathing is an important Ancient Egyptian funerary text of the Late Period and the Roman Period . [ 1 ] Scholar Hugh Nibley gives a short description of the Book of Breathings; "For the Book of Breathings is before all else, as Bonnet observes, a composite, made up of "compilations and excerpts from older funerary sources and mortuary formulas." [H. Bonnet, Reallexikon der gyptischen Religionsgeschichte (Berlin, 1952), p. 59.] From the Second Book of Breathings, hardly distinguishable from it, it blends off into such earlier writings as "The Book of Passing through the Eternities," the "Amduat," and the "Book of Gates," in which we recognize most of the ideas and even phrases of the "Sensen" Papyrus.
A portion of the papyri considered by some to be source of the Book of Abraham. The difference between Egyptologists' translation and Joseph Smith's interpretations have caused considerable controversy. The Book of Abraham is an 1835 work produced by Joseph Smith [ 1 ] that he said was based on Egyptian papyri purchased from a traveling mummy exhibition.
The Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead contained a selection of magical and religious texts known as spells. The spells are meant to help the dead progress through the many challenges in the Duat , or underworld, to the afterlife. Spells to protect the dead from harm are mixed with those ensuring the different parts of their being would be preserved, along with copies of religious myths and ritual texts, for instance at a funeral. Many spells were illustrated with drawings known as vignettes , which in some manuscripts are very lavish.
Sacred Texts Egypt The Papyrus of Ani by Introduction Translation Because of the substantial amount of hieroglypics interspersed in the original text, I have omitted the ### 'glyph' placeholder where context permits, for readability. Only actual illustations have been inserted into the file.
Maat or ma'at (thought to have been pronounced * [muʔ.ʕat] ), [ 1 ] also spelled māt or mayet , was the ancient Egyptian concept of truth , balance, order, law , morality , and justice . Maat was also personified as a goddess regulating the stars, seasons, and the actions of both mortals and the deities, who set the order of the universe from chaos at the moment of creation. Her (ideological) counterpart was Isfet .
The Liberation Through Hearing During The Intermediate State ( Standard Tibetan : bardo " liminality "; thodol as "liberation" [ 1 ] ), sometimes translated as Liberation Through Hearing or transliterated as Bardo Thodol , is a funerary text . It is often referred to in the West by the more casual title, Tibetan Book of the Dead , a name which draws a parallel with the ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead , another funerary text. The Tibetan text describes, and is intended to guide one through, the experiences that the consciousness has after death, during the interval between death and the next rebirth .
The Egyptian Book of the Dead 1240 BC THE PAPYRUS OF ANI Translated by E.A. Wallis Budge The Book of the Dead is the common name for the ancient Egyptian funerary texts known as The Book of Coming [or Going] Forth By Day. The name "Book of the Dead" was the invention of the German Egyptologist Karl Richard Lepsius, who published a selection of some texts in 1842.