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Asia. Earliest Human History. The Olmec Civilization and the Use of Bitumen. Geoarchaeological research has identified origin sources of bitumen used by the great Olmec civilization of the tropical lowlands of central America, 3000 years ago.

The Olmec Civilization and the Use of Bitumen

The project, described by Olmec scholar David Grove as a “break-though in source analyzing bitumen in Mesoamerica”, may shed light on the vast trade networks throughout prehistoric North America. Historic and Prehistoric Uses of Bitumen Bitumen is a black, oily, viscous material that is a naturally-occurring organic byproduct of decomposed organic materials. Also known as asphalt or tar, bitumen was mixed with other materials throughout prehistory and throughout the world for use as a sealant, adhesive, building mortar, incense, and decorative application on pots, buildings, or human skin.

Archaeologists have been investigating the sources of bitumen, that is to say, from whence came bitumen used in ancient settlements, since the 1980s, beginning with materials from archaeological sites in Egypt and Mesopotamia. Sources. CIVIL RIGHTS PIONEER CLAUDETTE COLVIN RETURNS! Animal Symbolism in Celtic Mythology. <editorial date="2007"> This document is readable by you today, almost 14 years after I wrote it and more than 12 years after I put it on the web, because of open formats.

Animal Symbolism in Celtic Mythology

In this specific case, the format is HTML 2. Can we say the same thing about word processing documents, spread sheets and other office documents? No, at least not yet. An open format for office documents, based on XML, has been worked out by a consortium of companies, universities and agencies. The consortium includes a very wide range of interests who rely on electronic documents, they include Boeing, IBM, The Society of Biblical Literature, and Ann Arbor's own Arbortext to name a few. Genetic Genealogy. DNA analysis is an important new scientific tool increasingly being used by genealogists as an aid to research.

Genetic Genealogy

DNA testing is not a replacement for traditional documentary research, but can be used in conjunction with the paper records. A DNA test can determine whether two people share a common ancestor within a certain number of generations. DNA can thereby validate (or disprove) genealogical theories about a family's lineage and ancestry. Testing can also provide information beyond the documented record trail, by connecting people having the same surname who have no proven historical link.

The Y-Chromosome (yDNA) The Germani: Germanic Peoples Origins and History. Who were they?

The Germani: Germanic Peoples Origins and History

The Germani entered Roman consciousness as unknown enemies, suddenly looming from the misty distance. Not that the Romans had a collective ethnic name for the tribes who swooped upon them in 113 BC, driven by the flooding of their own lands to look for a new homeland. The Scythians and their descendants. Devetashka - the Bulgarian Cave with 70,000 Years of Human Habitation. Devetashka cave is an enormous cave in Bulgaria, which has provided shelter for groups of humans since the late Paleolithic era, and continuously for tens of thousands of years since then.

Devetashka - the Bulgarian Cave with 70,000 Years of Human Habitation

Now abandoned by humans, it remains a site of national and international significance and is home to some 30,000 bats. MEDICINE WOMAN. Ancient scribes. Ancient History. World History Timeline Ancient India - Indus Valley Civilization. Minor variations in ice sheet size can trigger abrupt climate change. Small fluctuations in the sizes of ice sheets during the last ice age were enough to trigger abrupt climate change, scientists have found.

Minor variations in ice sheet size can trigger abrupt climate change

The team, which included Cardiff University researchers, compared simulated model data with that retrieved from ice cores and marine sediments in a bid to find out why temperature jumps of up to ten degrees took place in far northern latitudes within just a few decades during the last ice age. The analysis, led by Germany's Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research (AWI), is published Aug. 21, 2014 in the scientific journal Nature. Melting Scandinavian ice provides missing link in Europe's final Ice Age story. Molecular-based moisture indicators, remains of midges and climate simulations have provided climate scientists with the final piece to one of the most enduring puzzles of the last Ice Age.

Melting Scandinavian ice provides missing link in Europe's final Ice Age story

For years, researchers have struggled to reconcile climate models of the Earth, 13,000 years ago, with the prevailing theory that a catastrophic freshwater flood from the melting North American ice sheets plunged the planet into a sudden and final cold snap, just before entering the present warm interglacial. Now, an international team of scientists, led by Swedish researchers from Stockholm University and in partnership with UK researchers from the Natural History Museum (NHM) London, and Plymouth University, has found evidence in the sediments of an ancient Swedish lake that it was the melting of the Scandinavian ice sheet that provides the missing link to what occurred at the end of the last Ice Age. Misconceptions About How Evolution Works. Toezicht en de evolutietheorie - CM Web. Genetic sleuthing helps sort out ancestry of modern Europeans. A skeleton dating from almost 10,000 years ago which was found in the Kotias Klde rock shelter in Western Georgia is seen in an undated picture courtesy of the University of Cambridge, in Cambridge, United Kingdom.

Genetic sleuthing helps sort out ancestry of modern Europeans

REUTERS/University of Cambridge/Eppie Jones/Handout via Reuters. Amazon Tribe Creates 500-Page Remarkable Natural Medicine Encyclopedia. In one of the great tragedies of our age, indigenous traditions, stories, cultures and knowledge are winking out across the world. Whole languages and mythologies are vanishing, and in some cases even entire indigenous groups are falling into extinction. This is what makes the news that a tribe in the Amazon—the Matsés peoples of Brazil and Peru—have created a 500-page encyclopedia of their traditional medicine all the more remarkable.

The encyclopedia, compiled by five shamans with assistance from conservation group Acaté, details every plant used by Matsés medicine to cure a massive variety of ailments. A Matsés shaman named Cesar. A Brief History of Ancient Egypt. By 5,000 BC the people of Egypt had begun farming.

A Brief History of Ancient Egypt

They also wove linen and made pottery. Later they learned to use bronze. About 3,200 BC the Egyptians invented writing. The first Egyptian in history was King Menes aka Narmer who lived shortly before 3,000 BC. At that time Egypt was divided into northern (lower) Egypt and southern (upper Egypt). Ancient Turkey. Catal Huyuk was one of the world's first towns.

Ancient Turkey

It was built in what is now Turkey about 6,500 BC not long after farming began. Catal Huyuk probably had a population of about 6,000. In Catal Huyuk the houses were made of mud brick. Houses were built touching against each other. They did not have doors and houses were entered through hatches in roofs.

A Brief History of India. The first Indian civilization arose in the Indus valley about 2,600 BC. It actually straddled northwest India and Pakistan. By 6,500 BC the people of the area had begun farming. By 5,500 BC they had invented pottery. A Brief History of Korea. The king moved the capital to Hanseong (Seoul) in 1394. Under the Yi rulers Confucianism was made the official religion of Korea.

Buddhism lost its influence. In 1443 king Sejong created a native Korean alphabet. Ancient Japan - The Ancient Japanese Empire. The Geisha, the traditional Japanese ideal of beauty Where did the Japanese come from? Why did they settle the islands? What did life look like before history was written down? Japan's Mysterious Pyramids.

Sioux Indians and Mental/Physical Toughness. Status: Why We're Evolved to Care About It. The History Of Numbers And Mathematics - The Story Of 1 One Documentary - BBC Documentary Channel. Asia was settled in multiple waves of migration, DNA study suggests. An international team of researchers studying DNA patterns from modern and archaic humans has uncovered new clues about the movement and intermixing of populations more than 40,000 years ago in Asia. Using state-of-the-art genome analysis methods, scientists from Harvard Medical School and the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, have found that Denisovans -- a recently identified group of archaic humans whose DNA was extracted last year from a finger bone excavated in Siberia -- contributed DNA not just to present-day New Guineans, but also to aboriginal Australian and Philippine populations.

The study demonstrates that contrary to the findings of the largest previous genetic studies, modern humans settled Asia in more than one migration. According to David Reich, a professor of genetics at Harvard Medical School, "Denisova DNA is like a medical imaging dye that traces a person's blood vessels. Genetic footprints. Genocide of indigenous peoples. South America. Nederlands-Indië Moord op Chinezen in 1740 Aad 'Arcengel' Engelfriet. ......groote broer....... Moord op Chinezen in Batavia in 1740 ( English version ) Vanaf de stichting van Batavia hebben zich Chinezen gevestigd in en rond de stad. Aanvankelijk werden zij ingezet bij de opbouw van Batavia en de ontginning van de omliggende gebieden. Al snel kwamen ook veel Chinese handelaren over, met als resultaat dat in de loop van de jaren de VOC nagenoeg geheel afhankelijk werd van deze handelaren voor de handel op China.

Prehistoric. So Just Look Up The Place You Were Born On This Little Chart And Check Out When You'll Probably Die. Evolution of The Female Image Through the Centuries! From Angkor Wat to Stonehenge: How Ancient People Moved Mountains. Jane J. Lee. Have You Heard of The Great Forgetting? It Happened 10,000 Years Ago & Completely Affects Your Life. By Deep Ecology Hub / Ten Amazing Inventions From Ancient Times. Better Identification of Viking Corpses Reveals: Half of the Warriors Were Female. Shield maidens are not a myth! The Complex and Diversified Mitochondrial Gene Pool of Berber Populations - Coudray - 2008 - Annals of Human Genetics.

Studies Find Mysterious Link Between Native Americans And Indigenous Australasians. The Mahabharata of Vyasa – English Prose Translation : – download free ebooks - Nightly. Ancient History. Ancient Society Research Resources. Rock Identification: Introduction. American Indians. What America’s immigrants looked like when they arrived on Ellis Island. We hear so often that America is "a nation of immigrants" or a "cultural mixing pot" that the phrase has become kind of a tired cliche. But actually seeing that history is a different story. Indigenous Peoples of the world. Ancestral Lines.

Evolutionary biologists use a cladogram, the treelike diagram of evolutionary branches or clades, to organize species into lines of evolutionary descent across time. Biologists use three types of evidence to deduce evolutionary connections: genetics, morphology, and geologic dating. Timelines of Asia TOC:  India, China, Japan. China History: Chronology, Dynasty Qin Han Tang Song Yuan Ming Qing. Asia was settled in multiple waves of migration, DNA study suggests. Jewish History. Black and African History. Medieval peasants got more vacation time than you.

Australian history. Reconstructing the story of humanity's past. Encyclopedia of Earth. Ancient Sanskrit Online: Series Introduction. From Indonesia To Turkey New Archaeological Discoveries Uncover The Mysteries Of A Lost Civilisation by Graham Hancock. Catalogue of Digitized Medieval Manuscripts: Browse by Language. 40 Maps That Will Help You Make Sense of the World. Rare petroglyphs Hawaii. Arabian, Hindi & Persian (pre Iraq & Iran) 10 Civilizations You've Never Heard Of. Massive Underground City Discovered Beneath House-Could Accommodate Over 20,000 People-13 Stories Deep, 13,000 Air Shafts and Much More! (Incredible Video Footage and Photos) Cartographies of Time: A Visual History of the Timeline.

Ancient Civilisations. Ancient Society Research Resources. Did the ancients somehow know about DNA? Skulls with mix of Neandertal and primitive traits illuminate human evolution. Ancient Man Used “Super-Acoustics” to Alter Consciousness (... and speak with the dead?) History mysteries. 'Atlantis'. Alchemist Lecture Videos. Ajanta Caves - 2,000 year old unexplained sophisticated technology. 6 Baffling Discoveries That Science Can’t Explain.