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Words and Grammar

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Breaking the Rules of Writing. By Janice Hardy, @Janice_Hardy This week's Refresher Friday takes another look at breaking the rules of writing.

Breaking the Rules of Writing

Enjoy! There are a lot of rules in writing. Some we need to follow to be understood, others are more like guidelines, and then there are those that have gotten lost in translation. Collins English Thesaurus. Collins English Dictionary. English Grammar Rules - The Definitive Grammar Handbook. Synonyms for words commonly used in student's writing. Amazing- incredible, unbelievable, improbable, fabulous, wonderful, fantastic, astonishing, astounding, extraordinary Anger- enrage, infuriate, arouse, nettle, exasperate, inflame, madden Angry- mad, furious, enraged, excited, wrathful, indignant, exasperated, aroused, inflamed Answer- reply, respond, retort, acknowledge Ask- question, inquire of, seek information from, put a question to, demand, request, expect, inquire, query, interrogate, examine, quiz.

Synonyms for words commonly used in student's writing

Ways to Say Said Vocabulary Word Bank. 18 Common Words That You Should Replace in Your Writing. It’s a familiar scene: you’re slumped over your keyboard or notebook, obsessing over your character.

18 Common Words That You Should Replace in Your Writing

While we tend to agonize over everything from structure to backstory, it’s important to weigh how you write something too. A perfectly constructed world is flat on the page if you use feeble, common words. 100 Ways to Say "Bad" Poster – WriteAtHome® Posters. Persuasive Writing - Emotional vs Intellectual Words. I have written about persuasive writing in an article where I discuss Ethos, Logos, Pathos.

Persuasive Writing - Emotional vs Intellectual Words

Persuasive writers use words to convince the reader to listen or to act. I found this useful list of words in an interesting article called Common words that suck emotional power out of your content by John Gregory Olson. He explains how words have emotions attached to them, and that you should choose the correct ones for the response you want to elicit from your reader. Use these words if you want to get an emotional, rather than an intellectual, response from your readers. Basics. Word Choice Practice. OWL. If you are having trouble locating a specific resource, please visit the search page or the Site Map.


The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue. Students, members of the community, and users worldwide will find information to assist with many writing projects. Teachers and trainers may use this material for in-class and out-of-class instruction.

English grammar: A complete guide. Do you have a question about the correct usage of the semi-colon or how to place relative adverbs in a sentence?

English grammar: A complete guide

If so, you've come to the right place! The English grammar guide is a complete reference on the rules of English usage. Descriptors. Narrative mode. The narrative mode (also known as the mode of narration) is the set of methods the author of a literary, theatrical, cinematic, or musical story uses to convey the plot to the audience.

Narrative mode

Self-Study English Grammar Quizzes. HTML-Only Quizzes Grammar | Places | Vocabulary | Idioms | Homonyms | Scrambled Words | Misc.

Self-Study English Grammar Quizzes

Activities for ESL Students has over 1,000 activities to help you study English as a Second Language. This project of The Internet TESL Journal has contributions by many teachers. Page Contents Articles | Cloze | Conjunctions | Dialogs | Plurals | Prepositions | Pronouns | Sentence Structure | Tag Questions | Verbs | What's the Correct Sequence | Word Choice | Other Quizzes. Grammar and Composition - Homepage of About Grammar and Composition. Grammar Girl. Mignon Fogarty is the creator of Grammar Girl and the founder and managing director of Quick and Dirty Tips.

Grammar Girl

A magazine writer, technical writer, and entrepreneur, she has served as a senior editor and producer at a number of health and science web sites. She has a B.A. in English from the University of Washington in Seattle and an M.S. in biology from Stanford University. Mignon believes that learning is fun, and the vast rules of grammar are wonderful fodder for lifelong study. She strives to be a friendly guide in the writing world. Her archenemy is the evil Grammar Maven, who inspires terror in the untrained and is neither friendly nor helpful.

Query Letters. Here are posts I've written about writing, and sending, query letters.

Query Letters

How To Write A Query Letter: The Paint-By-Number Approach Writing a query letter is hard work--nearly as hard has writing the book! That was my experience at least. Nathan Bransford gives us as "skeleton query" that can help get you started. Query Letters: How To Write Them And Who To Send Them To. How to Format Your Manuscript. Composition: Developing Effective Paragraphs. The Chicago Manual of Style Online: Contents. Writing Fiction: How to Structure a Killer Novel Ending. There are more than a few writers and teachers out there, many of them orders of magnitude more famous than I am (not hard to do), who don’t like to compartmentalize or even attempt to define the sequential parts and essential milestones of a story’s plot structure. Too formulaic, they say. Takes the fun and creativity out of it, they claim.

A write-by-the-numbers strategy for hacks, a vocal few plead. What is Subtext? (with pictures) Subtext refers to an underlying theme or an implied relationship between characters in a book, movie, play or film. The subtext of a work is not explicitely stated, but often interpreted by fans. Subtext can be a way for the creator of a work to relay ideals, principles, controversial relationships or political statements without alienating viewers or readers who may balk at the ideas or even reject the work. As an example, consider the cartoon Rocky & Bullwinkle (1961-1973), starring arch villains Boris Badenov and Natasha Fatale. While appealing to children on one level, it was also a political satire about the cold war between Russia and the United States, couched in subtext. American Beauty (1999) was a movie about a man going through mid-life crisis, but the subtext told a much deeper story about the gradual discovery of self-love, and the acceptance of life and death as equally beautiful, profound and mutually inextricable.

The Art of Conflict by Rachael Thomas. Happy Monday! Rachael Thomas explains why conflict plays a crucial role in a story. Every story needs conflict, but what exactly is conflict and why does it matter in romance? Conflict is an incompatibility between the objectives of your characters and is needed because it creates tension in your story. In short, it’s what keeps your characters apart emotionally despite the physical attraction they have for each other. A character with a believable conflict will keep the reader turning those pages to see what happens next.

Elements of Suspense in Writing: 6 Secret to Creating and Sustaining Suspense. Thriller writing? Mystery writing? Literary fiction? It’s all the same: Building apprehension in the minds of your readers is one of the most effective keys to engaging them early in your novel and keeping them flipping pages late into the night.

Simply put, if you don’t hook your readers, they won’t get into the story. If you don’t drive the story forward by making readers worry about your main character, they won’t have a reason to keep reading. Think: Worry equals suspense. The best part is, the secrets for ratcheting up the suspense are easy to implement. 1. Four factors are necessary for suspense—reader empathy, reader concern, impending danger and escalating tension. We create reader empathy by giving the character a desire, wound or internal struggle that readers can identify with. We want readers to worry about whether or not the character will get what he wants. Suspense builds as danger approaches. Then blow in more. And more. Until the reader can hardly stand it. 2. The Subplot - Not Second Place, but Side by Side. There is one element in plotting our story that we sometimes forget or neglect—the subplot.

The subplot is what rounds out a novel or screenplay, informing it with another shade of emotional colour to deliver a satisfying and entertaining experience. It is the parallel narrative that allows the writer to explore theme, deepen characterisation, add tension or allow some relief. The subplot helps us understand the characters a bit better and gives a better sense of pace. Love and other pursuits. In a thriller, the love story is often the subplot. A great subplot should help you sustain your plot and illuminate the central characters. The Thirty-Six Dramatic Situations.

The Thirty-Six Dramatic Situations is a descriptive list which was created by Georges Polti to categorize every dramatic situation that might occur in a story or performance. To do this Polti analyzed classical Greek texts, plus classical and contemporaneous French works. He also analyzed a handful of non-French authors. In his introduction, Polti claims to be continuing the work of Carlo Gozzi, who also identified 36 situations. Publication history[edit] “Gozzi maintained that there can be but thirty-six tragic situations. This list was published in a book of the same name, which contains extended explanations and examples. The list is popularized as an aid for writers, but it is also used by dramatists, storytellers and many others. The 36 situations[edit] Each situation is stated, then followed by the necessary elements for each situation and a brief description. 6 Ways to Create Riveting Conflict in Your Story.

VocabSushi: The better way to build your vocabulary. - Learn Words - English Dictionary. Grammar Bytes! Grammar Instruction with Attitude. English Preposition List. Make-or-Break Verbs. Punctuation Tips. Hale, Hardy, and Hearty. Punctuation Tips. English Grammar Rules - The Definitive Grammar Handbook. 5 Grammar Hacks for Writers Who Hate Grammar. 11 ESSENTIAL RULES OF GRAMMAR. Find the Meanings and Definitions of Words at Vocabulary.