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Internet History Sourcebooks. Russian Revolution See Main Page for a guide to all contents of all sections.

Internet History Sourcebooks

Contents. Bodies of Lenin: The Hidden Science of Communist Sovereignty. Complex political role that Lenin’s body played during the Soviet periodand, to some extent, continues to play today.

Bodies of Lenin: The Hidden Science of Communist Sovereignty

This paper attempts such anunderstanding by analyzing the unique materiality of Lenin’s body, thescientific procedures that developed as part of this work, and the politicaldebates that accompanied the project from its inception. Despite appearances, the political role of Lenin’s body is anything but obvious. Of course, it is well known that during the Soviet period this body functioned as a central propaganda symbol of the Communist system andthat its public display was supposed to inspire devotion to the Communist project.

However, settling for this interpretation does not explain the emer-gence of the unique scientific practice focused on maintaining this body’sdynamic parameters and invisible parts. Leon Trotsky - Three Conceptions of the Russian Revolution - 1939. By Leon Trotsky 21 October 2008 Written as an appendix to Trotsky's projected biography of Lenin, and included in his unfinished biography of Stalin, this work contrasts the perspectives of the Russian Revolution advanced by Plekhanov, Lenin and Trotsky.

Leon Trotsky - Three Conceptions of the Russian Revolution - 1939

He outlines the Menshevik position (“The social relations of Russia have ripened only for the bourgeois revolution”); Lenin's pre-1917 theory of the "democratic dictatorship of the proletariat and peasantry" (which Lenin discarded when he wrote his April Theses in 1917); and his own theory of permanent revolution, "the original sin of Trotskyism. " He also traces Stalin's attitude to the debates as they unfolded, and shows how the theory of "socialism in one country" was a bureaucratic reaction against the October Revolution. Russia's Combined Development.

Leon Trotsky. Lev Davidovich Bronshtein (he assumed the name Leon Trotsky in 1902) was born in Yanovka, Russia, on 7th November, 1879.

Leon Trotsky

His parents were Jewish and owned a farm in the Ukraine. He later recalled: "My father and mother lived out their hard-working lives with some friction, but very happily on the whole. Of the eight children born of this marriage, four survived. I was the fifth in order of birth. Four died in infancy, of diphtheria and of scarlet fever, deaths almost as unnoticed as was the life of those who survived. Leon Trotsky was very close to his younger sister, Olga Kamenev: "We usually sat in the dining-room in the evening until we fell asleep.... When Trotsky was eight years old his father sent him to Odessa to be educated. In 1899, Trotsky met Alexandra Sokolovskaya. Trotsky later explained "we firmly resolved not to hide in case of wholesale arrests, but to let ourselves be taken. " After escaping Leon Trotsky met Natalia Sedova. Trotsky supported Julius Martov.

Tsar Nicholas II. Nicholas, the eldest son of Alexander III, the Tsar of Russia, and Marie Feodorovna, was born at Krasnoye Selo in May 1868.

Tsar Nicholas II

When he was twenty-three he narrowly escaped assassination in Japan. Nicholas succeeded to the throne following his father's death from liver disease on 20th October, 1894. Soon afterwards he married the German princess, Alexandra of Hesse-Darmstadt. Alexandra, the grand-daughter of Queen Victoria, was a strong believer in the autocratic power of Tsardom and urged him to resist demands for political reform. A cultural nationalist, Nicholas was opposed to the Westernization of Russia. Nicholas II and Alexandra disliked St.

Plehve also secretly organized Jewish Pogroms. Although he described himself as a man of peace, he favoured an expanded Russian Empire. Sergi Witte claimed that Plehve remarked that Russia needed "a little, victorious war to stem the revolution". Nicholas II also faced mounting domestic problems. Marxists Internet Archive. Lenin. Vladimir Illich Ulyanov (later known as Lenin) was born in Simbirsk, Russia, on 10th April, 1870.


His father, Ilya Ulyanov, a local schools inspector, held conservative views and was a devout member of the Russian Orthodox Church. According to Adam B. Tsar Nicholas II. Ten Days That Shook the World, Table of Contents. John Reed.

Ten Days That Shook the World, Table of Contents

The Russian Revolution: The Meaning of October. Today is the 98th anniversary of the Russian Revolution, an event which altered the entire course of human history.

The Russian Revolution: The Meaning of October

For the first time - if we exclude the brief but glorious episode of the Paris Commune - the working people took power into their own hands and began the gigantic task of the socialist re-construction of society. Here we republish an article written in 1992 by Alan Woods. Russian Revolution historiography. To what extent was the Russian Revolution a ‘revolution of the people’?

Russian Revolution historiography

Russian Revolution historiography is a fertile field, filled with almost a century of research and countless different ideas and interpretations. Though the revolution was comparatively recent in historical terms, it has stimulated and provoked more debate and discussion than most other historical events.

Russian Revolution historiography. The 1905 Russian Revolution. World War I: Russian Revolution 1/4. World War I: Russian Revolution 1/4. World War I: Russian Revolution 1/4. World War I: Russian Revolution 2/4. World War I: Russian Revolution 3/4. World War I: Russian Revolution 4/4.