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British Secret Service - The Rainbow scheme. Elizabeth I, Queen of England - The "Rainbow" portrait (Stevan Dedijer) Introduction I propose here that the "Rainbow" portrait of Elisabeth I at Cecils' Hatfield House in England is a statement of an Elisabethan "grand scheme" probably conceived and commissioned around 1600 by cousins Francis Bacon and Robert Cecil with the knowledge and participation of the Queen herself. For her portraits were a state matter of politicalimportance in which she had the final word. The scheme is a statement in the policy debate going on in England after the defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588. The cypher key for the whole "Rainbow scheme" and each of its component parts is found in iconology, the language of symbols, and images.

"Hir Majestie, [wrote William] discovered the Litterale Sence thereof before the mydsts of it seene ... For Elisabeth, as she wrote in a letter to her favorite courtier, Christopher Hatton, "the Rainbow brought the good tidings". An Ariadne's Thread for the "Rainbow" House of Bourbon. The House of Bourbon (English /ˈbʊərbən/; French pronunciation: ​[buʁˈbɔ̃]) is a European royal house of French origin, a branch of the Capetian dynasty /kəˈpiːʃ(i)ən/. Bourbon kings first ruled Navarre and France in the 16th century. By the 18th century, members of the Bourbon dynasty also held thrones in Spain, Naples, Sicily, and Parma. Spain and Luxembourg currently have Bourbon monarchs. The royal Bourbons originated in 1268, when the heiress of the lordship of Bourbon married a younger son of King Louis IX.

The house continued for three centuries as a cadet branch, while more senior Capetians ruled France, until Henry IV became the first Bourbon king of France in 1589. Bourbon monarchs then unified France with the small kingdom of Navarre, which Henry's father had gained by marriage in 1555, and ruled until the 1792 overthrow of the monarchy during the French Revolution. Origins[edit] France[edit] The rise of Henry IV[edit] The first Bourbon King of France was Henry IV.

Anthroposys. Anthropologie des Lumières (Culture « naturelle » et racisme rituel) Pol-P. GOSSIAUX Professeur d’Anthropologie à l’Université de Liège L'article « anthropologie » que le philosophe Jean-Baptiste Robinet donne en 1778 pour le Dictionnaire universel des sciences morales1 manifeste au premier abord l'émergence définitive au sein du Savoir d'une science de l'homme constituée comme telle.

Affirmant sans ambages qu'elle est « la plus importante des sciences, la plus digne d'occuper l'homme », Robinet propose de l'anthropologie la dé­finition suivante : « [Elle] est proprement cette branche importante de qui nous fait connoitre l'Homme sous ses differens rapports physiques et moraux. Cependant, constate Robinet, cette science « est encore... à faire » : les matériaux n'en existent qu'épars dans le discours d'autres disciplines, impuis­santes comme telles à atteindre l'objet de l'anthropologie.

En Occident, la science de l'homme fut longtemps le partage de ­logie. Boris Kobe : Center for Holocaust & Genocide Studies : University of Minnesota. Home > Virtual Museum > Artistic Responses : Boris Kobe Boris Kobe (1905-81) was a Slovenian architect and painter who became a political prisoner in the concentration camp of Allach, a sub-camp of Dachau, near Munich, Germany. These images are from reproductions of the original cards provided courtesy of the Slovenian delegation (Slovenian Ministry of Education) to the Stockholm International Forum Conference in the year 2000. Reproduction sets of cards were given to educators who attended the Swedish government sponsored conference in order to help identify an aspect of the victimization of one Slovenian political prisoner who became a prominent architect after the war. The contextual framework and point of departure of the art project is a deck of tarock/tarot cards made in Allach by Kobe most probably after the April 1945 liberation by American forces (see card XXI which depicts liberation, the Slovenian flag,and a tombstone-like image marked Allach which is aflame).


Jeremy Norman’s - Rare Books, Manuscripts & Autographs, Publications, Appraisals, Traditions & Culture of Collecting. Republic of Venice. The Republic of Venice (Italian: Repubblica di Venezia) was a state originating from the city of Venice in Northeastern Italy. It existed for over a millennium, from the late 7th century until 1797. Despite its long history of war and conquest, the Republic's modern reputation is chiefly based on its status as an economic and trading power. Name It was formally known as the Most Serene Republic of Venice (Italian: Serenissima Repubblica di Venezia, Venetian: Serenìsima Repùblica Vèneta[citation needed] or Repùblica de Venesia[citation needed]) and is often referred to as La Serenissima, in reference to its title as one of the "Most Serene Republics".

History The city of Venice originated as a collection of lagoon communities banded together for mutual defence from the Lombards, Huns and other invading peoples as the power of the Western Roman Empire dwindled in northern Italy. Rise Ursus's successor, Deusdedit, moved his seat from Heraclea to Malamocco in the 740s. Early Middle Ages. Documentan el pillaje nazi de obras de arte propiedad de judíos - La Jornada. ■ Un museo de la capital alemana presenta la muestra Robo y restitución ■ La devolución de óleos y objetos de oro y plata enfrenta múltiples escollos jurídicos ■ En la mayoría de casos de despojo, los historiadores se dan contra la pared, dice experta a La Jornada Eva Usi (Especial para La Jornada) Ampliar la imagen Estas piezas, arrebatadas por los nazis a sus legítimos propietarios judíos, figuran en la muestra del Museo Judío de Berlín Foto: Eva Usi Berlín, 30 de septiembre.

En 1938 los nazis emitieron un decreto que obligaba a los judíos a declarar su patrimonio, no sólo dinero en efectivo y propiedades, sino también mobiliario, obras de arte y hasta abrigos de pieles. Al llamado Verordnung über die Ausführ von Jüdischen Besitz, le siguieron una serie de leyes abusivas y discriminatorias con las que los nazis marginaron a la población judía de la vida pública y la despojaron de sus pertenencias. Secuelas de una rapiña En Hamburgo pesaron el botín de plata: 20 toneladas. Los orígenes de Europa - Christopher Dawson. Martin Bunzl | Counterfactual History: A User's Guide | The American Historical Review, 109.3. 9/11 Memorial Timeline.

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Parthenon Graphics Timelines...Where History Never Gets Old.