HISTORIA DEL ARTE
Eclecticism is a kind of mixed style in the fine arts : "the borrowing of a variety of styles from different sources and combining them" (Hume 1998, 5). Significantly, Eclecticism hardly ever constituted a specific style in art : it is characterized by the fact that it was not a particular style. In general, the term describes the combination in a single work of a variety of influences — mainly of elements from different historical styles in architecture , painting , and the graphic and decorative arts .
A classical order is one of the ancient styles of classical architecture , each distinguished by its proportions and characteristic profiles and details, and most readily recognizable by the type of column employed. Three ancient orders of architecture—the Doric , Ionic , and Corinthian —originated in Greece. To these the Romans added the Tuscan , which they made simpler than Doric, and the Composite , which was more ornamental than the Corinthian.
William Morris self-portrait, 1856
Arts and Crafts was an international design movement that flourished between 1860 and 1910, especially in the second half of that period, [ 1 ] continuing its influence until the 1930s. [ 2 ] It was led by the artist and writer William Morris (1834–1896) during the 1860s, [ 1 ] and was inspired by the writings of John Ruskin (1819–1900) and Augustus Pugin (1812–1852).
Gismonda, 1894 by Alphonse Mucha , a leading artist of the Art Nouveau movement
El columpio , obra maestra de Fragonard , donde se recoge el espíritu refinado, exótico y sensual propio del rococó. El Rococó es un movimiento artístico nacido en Francia , que se desarrolla de forma progresiva entre aproximadamente los años 1730 y 1760 .
The Renaissance of the 12th century was a period of many changes at the outset of the High Middle Ages . It included social , political and economic transformations, and an intellectual revitalization of Western Europe with strong philosophical and scientific roots. For some historians these changes paved the way to later achievements such as the literary and artistic movement of the Italian Renaissance in the 15th century and the scientific developments of the 17th century .
Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola (also known as Francesco Mazzola or, more commonly, as Parmigianino ("the little one from Parma") or Parmigiano ; 11 January 1503 – 24 August 1540) was an Italian Mannerist painter and printmaker active in Florence , Rome , Bologna , and his native city of Parma .
El neoclasicismo o estilo neoclásico fue un movimiento cultural, artístico y literario que se desarrolló desde mediados del siglo XVIII hasta las primeras décadas del siglo XIX , en que después fue sustituido por el Romanticismo . Su origen viene de la reacción ante o populares y la aparición en el Río de la Plata de la poesía gauchesca, que se explicará más adelante.
The Renaissance ( UK / r ɨ ˈ n eɪ s ən s / , US / ˈ r ɛ n ɨ s ɑː n s / , French pronunciation: [ʁənɛsɑ̃ːs] , from French : Renaissance "re-birth", Italian : Rinascimento , from rinascere "to be reborn") [ 1 ] was a cultural movement that spanned the period roughly from the 14th to the 17th century, beginning in Italy in the Late Middle Ages and later spreading to the rest of Europe.
Mannerism is a period of European art that emerged from the later years of the Italian High Renaissance around 1520. It lasted until about 1580 in Italy, when the Baroque style began to replace it, but Northern Mannerism continued into the early 17th century. [ 1 ]
The Council in Santa Maria Maggiore church; Museo Diocesano Tridentino, Trento. The Council of Trent ( Latin : Concilium Tridentinum ) was an Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church . It is considered to be one of the Church's most important councils. [ 1 ] It convened in Trento , Italy , then the capital of the Prince-Bishopric of Trent of the Holy Roman Empire , between December 13, 1545, and December 4, 1563 in twenty-five sessions for three periods.
The Roman Empire ( Latin : Imperium Romanum ) was the post- Republican period of the ancient Roman civilization , characterised by an autocratic form of government and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean in Europe , Africa , and Asia . [ 5 ] The 500-year-old Roman Republic , which preceded it, had been destabilized through a series of civil wars .
Parma - Galleria Nazionale dall' 8 febbraio al 15 maggio 2003 Vienna - Kunsthinstoriches museum dal 1 giugno al 14 settembre 2003 I n occasione del V centenario della nascita del Parmigianino (Gerolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola, Parma 1503 - Casalmaggiore 1540) Parma ospita nelle sale della Galleria Nazionale la prima grande mostra dedicata a uno dei fondatori del Manierismo europeo.
The history of painting reaches back in time to artifacts from pre-historic humans, and spans all cultures.