background preloader


Facebook Twitter

Mania.pdf. The Great War . Maps & Battles . The Western Front in 1918. The Versailles Treaty June 28, 1919. Treaty of Versailles, Jun 28, 1919. Back to Modern History SourceBook On June 28,1919, the Allied powers presented the Treaty of Versailles to Germany for signature.

Treaty of Versailles, Jun 28, 1919

The following are the key territorial and political clauses. Article 22. Certain communities formerly belonging to the Turkish Empire have reached a stage of development where their existence as independent nations can be provisionally recognised subject to the rendering of administrative advice and assistance by a Mandatory [i.e., a Western power] until such time as they are able to stand alone. War. 1.


The Ethics of War and Peace Three traditions of thought dominate the ethics of war and peace: Realism; Pacifism; and Just War Theory (and, through just war theory, International Law). Perhaps there are other possible perspectives but it seems that very few theories on the ethics of war succeed in resisting ultimate classification into one of these traditions. They are clearly hegemonic in this regard.

Before discussing the central elements of each tradition, let's declare the basic conceptual differences between “the big three” perspectives. 2. World War 1: the state of Europe in the build up. In Germany, France and Austria-Hungary, mobilisation produced mass outbursts of patriotic hysteria and rejoicing.

World War 1: the state of Europe in the build up

Aftermath of the First World War. Professor David Stevenson explains how the Treaty of Versailles, the Treaties of Saint-Germain and Trianon and the Treaties of Neuilly and Sèvres re-drew Europe's post-war boundaries.

Aftermath of the First World War

The task of drawing Europe’s post-war borders fell primarily to the Paris Peace Conference of 1919-20. There the victorious countries’ leaders drafted the Treaty of Versailles with Germany, and those of Saint-Germain with Austria, Trianon with Hungary, Neuilly with Bulgaria, and Sèvres with Turkey. But elsewhere across Europe, from Ireland to Russia, successor conflicts recast frontiers by violence. Aftermath of the First World War. Origins, outbreak and conclusions. World War One. History - World War One Centenary - WW1 1914-1918.

War. The Great War . Maps & Battles . The Western Front in 1918. World War 1: the state of Europe in the build up. What Pre-World War I Europe Can Tell Us About Today. This piece first appeared on

What Pre-World War I Europe Can Tell Us About Today

Interview with Wounded World War I Soldier in Bulgaria. I had been advised not to go to the Red Cross Hospital in Sofia to speak with the one English prisoner there, because he was an “uninteresting case.”

Interview with Wounded World War I Soldier in Bulgaria

At the Hospital they finally unearthed the doctor who spoke German, and I told him I had come to talk with the wounded Englishman. “Certainly,” said the doctor, with that instant friendliness I began to believe was characteristic of unofficial Bulgarians, which lies deeper than courtesy. He was not in the ward when we entered, but when we came through the door I knew he was Irish the moment I looked into his eyes, which were the roundest blue things in the world.

He told me later his name was James Corcoran. You had only to see the eyes to know that the man was called “Jimmie” at home. He had enlisted on January 1, 1915, in Dublin, and gone with the Connaught Rangers to the Dardanelles. All the time he was bending slightly up and down, running his hand over his thigh from knee to waist. “A little uncomfortable,” he explained. WW1: Siegfried Sassoon's poem How to Die in animation. 7. How to Die. Sassoon, Siegfried. 1918. Counter-Attack and Other Poems. Interview with Wounded World War I Soldier in Bulgaria. Pro Patria. Owen Seaman Pro Patria England, in this great fight to which you go Because, where Honour calls you, go you must, Be glad, whatever comes, at least to know You have your quarrel just.

Pro Patria

Peace was your care; before the nations' bar Her cause you pleaded and her ends you sought; But not for her sake, being what you are, Could you be bribed and bought. Others may spurn the pledge of land to land, May with the brute sword stain a gallant past; But by the seal to which you set your hand, Thank God, you still stand fast! Forth, then, to front that peril of the deep With smiling lips and in your eyes the light, Steadfast and confident, of those who keep Their storied scutcheon bright. And we, whose burden is to watch and wait-- High-hearted ever, strong in faith and prayer, We ask what offering we may consecrate, What humble service share.

To steel our souls against the lust of ease; To find our welfare in the common good; To hold together, merging all degrees In one wide brotherhood;-- Dulce Et Decorum Est. Sargent's Painting. John Singer Sargent's painting Gassed hangs in the Imperial War Museum in London; the canvas is over seven feet high and twenty feet long.

Sargent's Painting

This impressive painting depicts soldiers blinded by gas being led in lines back to the hospital tents and the dressing stations; the men lie on the ground all about the tents waiting for treatment. "With mustard gas the effects did not become apparent for up to twelve hours. John Singer Sargent's Gassed. British_55th_Division_gas_casualties_10_April_1918.jpg (JPEG Image, 1200 × 743 pixels) - Scaled (85%) Unit 6 Detail 2.pdf. Empires before World War I. Mapanalysiswwi.pdf. The Great War . Maps & Battles . Europe in 1914. The Great War . Maps & Battles . The Outbreak of War. The Great War . Maps & Battles . Europe in 1914. At the start of the Great War in 1914, Germany was a relatively young power, only coming into existence following a series of wars in 1871.

The Great War . Maps & Battles . Europe in 1914

Germany's Chancellor, Otto von Bismarck, had shepherd the country into the 20th century with the adage that Germany must always be in a majority of three in any dispute among the five great European powers. His aim was to maintain peaceful ties with Russian. When Kaiser Wilhelm II came to power, he quickly retired Bismarck, and upset the Chancellor's delicate balance of power by refusing to renew Germany's friendship with Russia. Germany soon found itself in a minority of two. History - World Wars: Animated Map: The Western Front, 1914 - 1918.