Timeless Love Songs of the 1920s. American Boom 1920S. Prosperity and Thrift: Poverty in the 1920s. Prosperity and Thrift Home Page Poverty in the 1920s Some groups did not participate fully in the emergent consumer economy, notably both African American and white farmers and immigrants. While one-fifth of the American population made their living on the land, rural poverty was widespread. Despite agricultural overproduction and successive attempts in Congress to provide relief, the agricultural economy of the 1920s experienced an ongoing depression. Large surpluses were accompanied by falling prices at a time when American farmers were burdened by heavy debt. Between 1920 and 1932, one in four farms was sold to meet financial obligations and many farmers migrated to urban areas. Restrictive immigration laws, aided by a resurgence of nativism in America in the 1920s, contributed to an atmosphere hostile to immigrants.
Insulin Discovered. History of Bubble Gum and Chewing Gum. Chewing gum has a history that spans as far back as the ancient Greeks, who chewed the resin from mastic trees. However, it wasn't until 1928 that Walter Diemer happened upon just the right gum recipe to make the very first bubble gum, a special type of chewing gum that allows the chewer to make bubbles. Icky Attempts at Creating Bubble Gum Walter Diemer might have invented bubble gum, but he wasn't the first person who wanted to make gum bubbles.
There were early attempts at making bubble gum in the late 1800s and early 1900s; however, these bubble gums did not sell well because they were considered too wet and usually broke before a good bubble was formed. Diemer's Bubble Gum The invention of the first successful bubble gum is credited to Walter Diemer (1905-1998) in 1928. Why Pink? Diemer used a pink dye for his new gum because pink was the only color available at the Fleer Chewing Gum Company. Dubble Bubble. Organized Crime in 1920s Chicago. 1920s World Events. CR20: The 1920's. Smaller bootleggers and distributors were "squeezed" out one by one in this lawless age of the tommygun. Gang wars caused by territorial disputes spilled out onto urban streets and soon the nation began to quietly think that this "prohibition experiment" was failing.The Capone gang was big in Chicago and indeed around the country.
They smuggled in from Canada liquor for private distribution as well as for consumption in underground bars called speakeasies. Speakeasies came in a number of disguises like funeral homes with a secret entrance....where everyone drank 100 proof "coffee". These disguises were known as fronts and often had big gorillas as doormen waiting behind a sliding panel to hear the password. Scarface himself enjoyed much celebrity in Chicago prior to February 14, 1929. A master at public relations, Capone saw to it that the press was friendly to him and never missed a chance to play up his donations to a charitable group. Gangsters were popularized during the era. 1920s Fashion | 1920s Clothing (PHOTOS) - Victoriana Magazine. 1920s. 1920s Timeline - History Timeline of the 1920s.
Education 20th Century History Share this page on: Send to a Friend via Email Your suggestion is on its way! An email with a link to: was emailed to: Thanks for sharing About.com with others! Most Emailed Articles Email to a FriendWeight lost made easierEmail to a FriendEmail to a FriendEmail to a Friend 1920s Timeline Timeline of the 20th Century By Jennifer Rosenberg See More About 1900s | 1910s | 1920s | 1930s | 1940s | 1950s | 1960s | 1970s | 1980s | 1990s Bubonic Plague in India First Commercial Radio Broadcast Aired Harlem Renaissance Begins League of Nations Established Prohibition Begins in the U.S. "Fatty" Arbuckle Scandal Extreme Inflation in Germany Irish Free State Proclaimed Lie Detector Invented Insulin Discovered Kemal Atatürk Founds Modern Turkey Tomb of King Tut Discovered Michael Collins Killed in Ambush Mussolini Marches on Rome The Reader's Digest Published First Olympic Winter Games J.
A.A. Academy AwardsAbout.com 1920s. St. Valentines Day Massacre. Historical Importance of the St. Valentines Day Massacre: The St. Valentine's Day Massacre remains the most notorious gangster killing of the Prohibition era. The massacre made Al Capone a national celebrity as well as brought him the unwanted attention of the federal government. Dates: 10:30 a.m. on February 14, 1929 The Dead: Frank Gusenberg, Pete Gusenberg, John May, Albert Weinshank, James Clark, Adam Heyer, and Dr.
Reinhart Schwimmer Overview of the St. Rival Gangs During the Prohibition era, gangsters ruled many of the large cities, becoming rich from owning speakeasies, breweries, brothels, and gambling joints. In early 1929, Al Capone was living in Miami with his family (to escape Chicago's brutal winter) when his associate Jack "Machine Gun" McGurn visited him. The Plan McGurn planned carefully. Setting Up Moran With the plan organized and the killers hired, it was time to set the trap.
The Ruse Worked Two of the gunmen were dressed in police uniforms. Opened Fire With Machine Guns. 1920s Timeline - History Timeline of the 1920s. Advertising in the 1920s. Advertising in the 1920s Advertising as it is known today finds its roots in the industrial expansion of the 1880s. The mass production and the lowering of prices on consumer goods meant that more items were available to more people than ever before. The construction of the transcontinental railroads provided a national market for a company's goods.
Advertising a product changed from simply announcing the existence of a product in a dull, dry fashion to persuading the public they needed and deserved to own the product. Prior to World War One, muckraking journals like McClure's achieved widespread circulation by exposing corruption and greed in business and politics. After the war, general circulation magazines dropped the theme of reform and picked up on the culture of consumerism. Coca-Cola serves as a good example of how product advertising changed over this forty-year period. Stock Market Crash of 1929: Overview and History. What Was the Stock Market Crash of 1929? In the 1920s,many people felt that they could make a fortune from the stock market. Forgetting that the stock market was volatile, they invested their entire life savings.
Others bought stocks on credit (margin). When the stock market took a dive on Black Tuesday, October 29, 1929, the country was unprepared. The economic devastation caused by the Stock Market Crash of 1929 was a key factor in beginning the Great Depression. Dates: October 29, 1929 Also Known As: The Great Wall Street Crash of 1929; Black Tuesday A Time of Optimism The end of World War I heralded a new era in the United States. The Stock Market Boom Although the stock market has the reputation of being a risky investment, it did not appear that way in the 1920s. As more people invested in the stock market, stock prices began to rise. The stock market boom changed the way investors viewed the stock market. Buying on Margin Buying on margin could be very risky. Signs of Trouble Summer Boom. Prohibition. What Was Prohibition? Prohibition was a period of nearly fourteen years of U.S. history in which the manufacture, sale, and transportation of liquor was made illegal.
It led to the first and only time an Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was repealed. Dates: Also Known As: Noble Experiment Overview of Prohibition Prohibition was the period in United States history in which the manufacture, sale, and transportation of intoxicating liquors was outlawed. Temperance Movements After the American Revolution, drinking was on the rise. The Temperance movement blamed alcohol for many of society's ills, especially crime and murder. The 18th Amendment Passes In the beginning of the 20th century, there were Temperance organizations in nearly every state. The Volstead Act While it was the 18th Amendment that established Prohibition, it was the Volstead Act (passed on October 28, 1919) that clarified the law. Loopholes There were, however, several loopholes for people to legally drink during Prohibition.
Canada's Growing Autonomy. Quia. GCSE Bitesize: The 1920s overview. 1920s' Prohibition: Moonshine, Bootleggers, and Speakeasies. 1920s' PROHIBITION 1920s’ Prohibition, restriction of the production, sale, transportation, importation, and exportation of alcoholic beverages, began when the Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution went into effect on January 16, 1920. The Volstead Act, popular name for the National Prohibition Enforcement Act, had been passed on October 28, 1919. Enacted to enforce the Eighteenth Amendment, which was ratified on January 16, 1919, the Volstead Act superceded existing prohibition legislation in 33 states.
The Anti-Saloon League, the strong prohibition lobby group, was instrumental in securing the bill’s passage over President Woodrow Wilson’s veto. Founded in Oberlin, Ohio by evangelical Protestant men in 1893, the Anti-Saloon League organized nationally in 1895. Prohibition had long been the objective of the temperance movement. Organized efforts to control alcohol consumption in the United States began in the late 1700s. Enforcement of 1920s' Prohibition was a formidable task. Roaring Twenties. Many people believe that the 1920s marked a new era in United States history. The decade often is referred to as the "Roaring Twenties. " Following World War I, many returning veterans and men and women who had moved from to cities to seek wartime jobs had no desire to return to working in factories or on the farms. They hoped to live a more comfortable life, like the ones that they could see on the movie screens or read about in magazines and newspapers.
New social activities promoted a more carefree lifestyle. At first glance, it does appear that lives for all people in the United States, including women, became more open during the 1920s. The increasing number of people in the U.S. participating in supposedly immoral acts like drinking and smoking caused many people to believe that their fellow citizens had forgotten the importance of religion and morality in everyday life. Flappers in the Roaring Twenties. In the 1920s, a new woman was born. She smoked, drank, danced, and voted. She cut her hair, wore make-up, and went to petting parties. She was giddy and took risks. She was a flapper. The "Younger Generation" Before the start of World War I, the Gibson Girl was the rage. Skirt and a shirt with a high collar. Then World War I started. When the war was over, the survivors went home and the world tried to return to normalcy.
Fervor and aggressively entered the workforce. They found themselves expected to settle down into the humdrum routine of American life as if nothing had happened, to accept the moral dicta of elders who seemed to them still to be living in a Pollyanna land of rosy ideals which the war had killed for them. Women were just as anxious as the men to avoid returning to society's rules and roles after the war. The "Younger Generation" was breaking away from the old set of values. The "Flapper" The term "flapper" first appeared in Great Britain after World War I. Flapper Image.