background preloader


Facebook Twitter

The Roman Empire Adopts Christianity. When Constantine, the emperor of Rome, became a Christian it meant that the empire became Christian, with momentous consequences for the Jewish and pagan worlds. As Jews began to establish an autonomous way of life and put down deep roots in Babylon — a place at the far end of the Roman Empire and insulated from a Rome in steep decline — a Roman general by the name of Constantine rose in the ranks. His conversion to Christianity would literally shake up the entire world. His mother, Helena, secretly converted to Christianity in about 310 CE. Had she done so publicly she would have been executed. Constantine, who was a great warrior and man of considerable talents, rose to the top of the political ladder until he was able, through a bloodless coup, to usurp power and become the emperor of Rome.

When he finally became emperor, he took a large Roman army east with the intention of settling the score once and for with all the guerilla bands that were picking Rome apart. A Brief Relief. Constantine I - Religious Figure, Emperor, General. Constantine I was a Roman emperor who ruled early in the 4th century. He was the first Christian emperor and saw the empire begin to become a Christian state. Synopsis Constantine I was born circa 280 in Naissus, Moesia (now Niš, Serbia).

His father became the Western Roman emperor in 305; after his father's death, Constantine fought to take power. He became the Western emperor in 312 and the sole Roman emperor in 324. Constantine was also the first emperor to adhere to Christianity. Early Life Flavius Valerius Constantinus, who would become Roman emperor Constantine I, was born on February 27, circa 280 (sources range from 272 to 284), in Naissus, Moesia (now Niš, Serbia).

In 289, Constantine's father left Helena to marry the stepdaughter of Maximian, the Western Roman emperor. In 305, following Maximian's abdication, Constantine's father became Emperor Constantius I. Rise to Power Constantine now became the Western Roman emperor. Sole Roman Emperor. Constantine: Christian or Opportunist? - 301-600 Church History Timeline. The tale is not only romantic, but probably true. The year is 306. A young man arises in the dead of a late spring night in the imperial palace at Nicomedia in Asia Minor. He slips down to the emperor's stables and commandeers the palace horses. He is thirty-two years old, and by all reports quite handsome. He has been a hostage. Now he is making his escape and seeking to delay pursuit. order back issues of this story His escape would change history, for his name was Constantine.

However, many facts about this man are well established. When Galerius became emperor in 305, Constantius Chlorus formally requested that his son be allowed to join him. Conquest of the Empire The eastern emperor had reason for fear. The most formidable was Maxentius, ensconced in the city of Rome and stoutly supported by its Senate. Constantine called on God with earnest prayer and supplications that he would reveal to him who he was, and stretch forth his right hand to help him in his present difficulties. Constantine I | Roman emperor. Constantine’s vision: Christian History.

Throughout its first three centuries, the church went through unimaginable persecution from the Roman Empire, though all the time growing and spreading. So imagine what an extraordinary turn of events it was when the Roman Emperor himself became a Christian. Within one person’s lifetime, the Empire went from the most savage of its several persecutions of Christians to embracing Christianity. The text tells the story of Emperor Constantine’s conversion, and a little of how his new faith was reflected in his imperial policy. In addition to what you’ll read below, he outlawed infanticide, the abuse of slaves and peasants, and crucifixion, and he made Sunday a day of rest.

This account is from a biography written by Eusebius, the Bishop of Caesarea in Palestine. He was a great historian, the first to make a significant contribution to church history, and his major work was The History of the Church which took him 25 years to prepare. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. It was made in the following manner. Conversion of Constantine. Constative Becomes a Christian A major turning point in Christian history occurred when the Roman Emperor Constantine converted to Christianity.

Whether this conversion was sincere or politically motivated, historians can only speculate. But the result was the end of persecution of Christians and the beginning of Christendom. In 313 Constantine issued the "Edict of Milan," which commanded official toleration of Christianity and other religions. Constantine outlawed the barbaric gladiatorial shows (although they persisted until the fifth century) and forbade Jews to stone to death other Jews who chose to become Christians. Toleration Contrary to popular belief, however, Constantine did not make Christianity the official religion of the empire.

Constantine's program was one of toleration only, and he continued to support both Christianity and paganism. Later Life At Easter 337 he completed and dedicated his great church of the Holy Apostles, in which he desired to be buried. References. Why Did Christianity Succeed? - Legimitization Under Constantine | From Jesus To Christ. From persecuted minority to official imperial religion - what caused this extraordinary reversal for Christianity? Shaye I.D. Cohen: Samuel Ungerleider Professor of Judaic Studies and Professor of Religious Studies Brown University The triumph of Christianity is actually a very remarkable historical phenomenon. ... We begin with a small group from the backwaters of the Roman Empire and after two, three centuries go by, lo and behold that same group and its descendants have somehow taken over the Roman Empire and have become the official religion, in fact the only tolerated religion, of the Roman Empire by the end of the 4th century.

That is a truly remarkable development, and a monumental historical problem, trying to understand how this happened. For historians, that answer, while maybe correct on one level, on another level it is not entirely satisfactory. This is how Christianity begins. This of course takes place gradually over the next several decades well into the 2nd century.... Time Line of Early Christianity--The Lost Gospel of Judas--National Geographic. Constantine I was the first Roman Emperor to eventually convert to Christianity. Photograph copyright Guenter Rossenbach/zefa/Corbis Emperor Constantine I is often credited with converting the Roman Empire to Christianity.

In fact, though he ended the persecution of Christians and eventually converted, some historians debate the true nature of his faith. His association with Christianity began with a fateful battle for control of the Western Roman Empire. Constantine faced Western Roman Emperor Maxentius at the Tiber River's Mulvian Bridge in A.D. 312. Fourth-century historian and bishop Eusebius of Caesarea reported that before the great battle Constantine saw a flaming cross in the sky bearing the words "in this sign thou shalt conquer.

" Constantine did indeed conquer, routing and killing his enemy on a day that loomed large not only for the emperor but for the Christian faith. Ancient Christian historians enthusiastically portrayed Constantine as a pious Christian convert. Christianity, Conversion Of Constantine: Decline Of Paganism. Edited By: Robert A. Guisepi Conversion Of Constantine: Decline Of Paganism Author: Mosheim, Johann Lorenz Von Conversion of Constantine: Decline Of Paganism Introduction A new epoch in the history of the Roman Empire began with the accession of Diocletian to the throne in A.D. 284. From that time the old names of consul, tribune, etc., belonging to the republic lost their significance, and even the senate was practically abolished. But these transformations in the empire were preparing the way for events of unprecedented nature and importance, and for the rise of an emperor destined to play a part in the history of the world quite different from that performed by any of his predecessors.

But the great events of his reign, which caused it to be regarded as the inauguration of a new era, were his conversion to Christianity and the acts whereby he secured its toleration and then its supremacy in the empire. Conversion of Constantine: Decline Of Paganism Back to Main menu.