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The Roman Empire Adopts Christianity. When Constantine, the emperor of Rome, became a Christian it meant that the empire became Christian, with momentous consequences for the Jewish and pagan worlds.

The Roman Empire Adopts Christianity

As Jews began to establish an autonomous way of life and put down deep roots in Babylon — a place at the far end of the Roman Empire and insulated from a Rome in steep decline — a Roman general by the name of Constantine rose in the ranks. His conversion to Christianity would literally shake up the entire world. His mother, Helena, secretly converted to Christianity in about 310 CE. Had she done so publicly she would have been executed. She also kept her Christianity hidden because she had her son’s career in mind. Constantine I - Religious Figure, Emperor, General. Constantine I was a Roman emperor who ruled early in the 4th century.

Constantine I - Religious Figure, Emperor, General

He was the first Christian emperor and saw the empire begin to become a Christian state. Synopsis Constantine I was born circa 280 in Naissus, Moesia (now Niš, Serbia). His father became the Western Roman emperor in 305; after his father's death, Constantine fought to take power. Constantine: Christian or Opportunist? - 301-600 Church History Timeline. The tale is not only romantic, but probably true.

Constantine: Christian or Opportunist? - 301-600 Church History Timeline

The year is 306. A young man arises in the dead of a late spring night in the imperial palace at Nicomedia in Asia Minor. He slips down to the emperor's stables and commandeers the palace horses. He is thirty-two years old, and by all reports quite handsome. He has been a hostage. Order back issues of this story His escape would change history, for his name was Constantine. However, many facts about this man are well established. When Galerius became emperor in 305, Constantius Chlorus formally requested that his son be allowed to join him. Constantine I. Constantine’s vision: Christian History. Throughout its first three centuries, the church went through unimaginable persecution from the Roman Empire, though all the time growing and spreading.

Constantine’s vision: Christian History

So imagine what an extraordinary turn of events it was when the Roman Emperor himself became a Christian. Within one person’s lifetime, the Empire went from the most savage of its several persecutions of Christians to embracing Christianity. The text tells the story of Emperor Constantine’s conversion, and a little of how his new faith was reflected in his imperial policy. In addition to what you’ll read below, he outlawed infanticide, the abuse of slaves and peasants, and crucifixion, and he made Sunday a day of rest. This account is from a biography written by Eusebius, the Bishop of Caesarea in Palestine. The numbered paragraphs refer to numbered sections in the Life of Constantine. 27. 28. 29. He said that he was unsure what this apparition could mean, but that while he continued to ponder, night suddenly came on.

Conversion of Constantine. Constative Becomes a Christian A major turning point in Christian history occurred when the Roman Emperor Constantine converted to Christianity.

Conversion of Constantine

Whether this conversion was sincere or politically motivated, historians can only speculate. But the result was the end of persecution of Christians and the beginning of Christendom. In 313 Constantine issued the "Edict of Milan," which commanded official toleration of Christianity and other religions. He ordered that Sunday be granted the same legal rights as pagan feasts and that feasts in memory of Christian martyrs be recognized.

Constantine outlawed the barbaric gladiatorial shows (although they persisted until the fifth century) and forbade Jews to stone to death other Jews who chose to become Christians. Toleration. Why Did Christianity Succeed? - Legimitization Under Constantine. From persecuted minority to official imperial religion - what caused this extraordinary reversal for Christianity?

Why Did Christianity Succeed? - Legimitization Under Constantine

Shaye I.D. Cohen: Samuel Ungerleider Professor of Judaic Studies and Professor of Religious Studies Brown University The triumph of Christianity is actually a very remarkable historical phenomenon. ... We begin with a small group from the backwaters of the Roman Empire and after two, three centuries go by, lo and behold that same group and its descendants have somehow taken over the Roman Empire and have become the official religion, in fact the only tolerated religion, of the Roman Empire by the end of the 4th century.

For historians, that answer, while maybe correct on one level, on another level it is not entirely satisfactory. In its first stage, Christianity begins not as a religion, it begins rather as the movement of people around a single charismatic teacher or preacher, it's hard to know what noun to use exactly. This is how Christianity begins. Time Line of Early Christianity. Constantine I was the first Roman Emperor to eventually convert to Christianity.

Time Line of Early Christianity

Photograph copyright Guenter Rossenbach/zefa/Corbis Emperor Constantine I is often credited with converting the Roman Empire to Christianity. Christianity, Conversion Of Constantine: Decline Of Paganism. Edited By: Robert A.

Christianity, Conversion Of Constantine: Decline Of Paganism