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Cosmology. 1. Consciousness and the Multiplicity of Mind Consciousness must be conscious of something. Consciousness, to be conscious, requires something which is separate from consciousness, and which becomes an object or focus of consciousness, such as a lamp, dog, cloud, car, singing birds, or the smile of a willing lover. Consciousness in order to be conscious requires something to be conscious of. Even if consciousness is only conscious of being conscious, i.e. self-consciousness, consciousness must be separate from itself to be conscious of itself, thereby becoming an object of consciousness, mirroring and reflecting itself as a duality.

The same can be said of the train-of-thought which appears before or within consciousness but is never identical with consciousness (Joseph 1982). Consciousness is not a singularity, but a multiplicity which, in humans, is often dominated by visual impressions and language (Joseph 1982, 2009). 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. References Blinkov, S. Scholz. This Neuroscientist Argues That Addiction Is Not a Disease and Rehab Is Bullshit. Fresh supplies from a needle exchange. Photo via Flickr user Todd Huffmann Marc Lewis traveled the long, tenebrous road of opiate addiction, but he emerged out the rabbit hole a neuroscientist, science writer, and author. His best-selling memoir, Memoirs of an Addicted Brain, chronicled his descent into substance abuse, splicing the narrative with neuroscientific lessons about the brain's reaction to each chemical. His latest literary endeavor, The Biology of Desire: Why Addiction Is Not a Disease, asserts labeling addiction a disease is not only specious, it's downright harmful.

VICE caught up with the University of Toronto Professor Emeritus, and current faculty member at Radboud University in Nijmegen, Netherlands, via Skype. VICE: You're critical of the rehab industry because, according to you, it pulls addicts in under the ruse of medical treatment. I've never been to rehab, so I don't know much about the ways in which they treat patients. [Del. How Art you today? Illustration by Jess Marshall When I was six, I started imagining that something or someone will come out from behind my drawer and hurt me. I had moved with my family into a new apartment, and each time I entered my room, I was looking obsessively in that corner, fearing that something bad was about to happen to me.

When my folks were home, I felt safe. When I was left alone for a couple of minutes, fear and worries overwhelmed me, and lasted until one of my parents returned. Sometimes I was so terrified of what might come out from behind the drawer, that I followed my parents around the house, without telling them why. I thought it was normal. By the time I turned 32, the something, the abysmal evil from behind the drawer took many forms: prison, cancer, madness, heart attacks, mental illness and death. Last summer, I decided it was finally time to fight my imaginary demons. “Three big fish, with luscious, turquoise tails, swirl around tangled weeds. Part 2 Part 3 Part 4 Part 5 Part 6. Businessinsider. The book Bounce by Matthew Syed is an interesting look at the science of success, filled with stories and interviews of some of the most recognized names in sport. While Syed focuses the majority of the book on what it takes to excel in sport, or anything for that matter, there is a really interesting chapter on why we choke.

For those of you familiar with the Farnam Street mental models, you’ll recall the concept of inversion. If we want to know how to succeed, we also need to know how to avoid failure. Syed himself choked in one of the most important games of his career. He had made it to Sydney Olympics in 2000 and it was the first time he had been a medal hopeful. He was 29 at the time and already a decorated table tennis player. He was at the top of his game and was filled with confidence – so why did he choke? Well to understand that let’s first look at what happened to him that day.

Franz stroked the ball into play – a light and gentle forehand topspin. Syed explains in more detail: Darley and Batson: Good Samaritan Study. Darley, J. M., and Batson, C.D., "From Jerusalem to Jericho": A study of Situational and Dispositional Variables in Helping Behavior". JPSP, 1973, 27, 100-108. This is the famous seminary experiment about the Good Samaritans. Previous studies have failed to find a link between personality traits and the likelihood of helping others in an emergency.

However, changes in the # of people present did have a big effect on behavior. The parable of the Good Samaritan is an interesting example. The researchers had three hypotheses: 1. Procedure The recruited seminary students for a study on religious education. They varied the amount of urgency they told the subjects before sending them to the other building, and the task they would do when they got there. In an alleyway they passed a man sitting slumped in doorway, who moaned and coughed twice as they walked by. After arrival at the 2nd research site, they had the subject give the talk and then answer a helping behavior questionnaire.

How a Computer Predicts Schizophrenia and Psychosis. Although the language of thinking is deliberate—let me think, I have to do some thinking—the actual experience of having thoughts is often passive. Ideas pop up like dandelions; thoughts occur suddenly and escape without warning. People swim in and out of pools of thought in a way that can feel, paradoxically, mindless. Most of the time, people don’t actively track the way one thought flows into the next. But in psychiatry, much attention is paid to such intricacies of thinking. A computer, it seems, can do better. That’s according to a study published Wednesday by researchers at Columbia University, the New York State Psychiatric Institute, and the IBM T. “In our study, we found that minimal semantic coherence—the flow of meaning from one sentence to the next—was characteristic of those young people at risk who later developed psychosis,” said Guillermo Cecchi, a biometaphorical-computing researcher for IBM Research, in an email.

I was always into video games. Illusory ownership of an invisible body reduces autonomic and subjective social anxiety responses : Scientific Reports. Participants One hundred twenty-five naïve, healthy volunteers participated in the study. None of the subjects took part in more than one experiment. Based on the results of previous studies using similar measurements16,20,21, we estimated that the sample size necessary to achieve statistical significance would be approximately 20 participants.

We recruited 25 participants in each experiment because, based on previous experience, we estimated that about 20% of the scheduled subjects would not show up. In Experiment 4, we recruited six additional participants because of a technical issue with the heart rate data acquisition (see below). The data collection was stopped when the originally scheduled participants had been tested (no-shows were excluded from any further analysis).

All of the participants were instructed to wear a pair of trousers and a t-shirt. Experimental setup and illusion induction procedure Experiments 1a and 1b: Temporal and spatial congruence Questionnaires. Why the modern world is bad for your brain | Science. Our brains are busier than ever before. We’re assaulted with facts, pseudo facts, jibber-jabber, and rumour, all posing as information. Trying to figure out what you need to know and what you can ignore is exhausting. At the same time, we are all doing more. Thirty years ago, travel agents made our airline and rail reservations, salespeople helped us find what we were looking for in shops, and professional typists or secretaries helped busy people with their correspondence.

Now we do most of those things ourselves. We are doing the jobs of 10 different people while still trying to keep up with our lives, our children and parents, our friends, our careers, our hobbies, and our favourite TV shows. Our smartphones have become Swiss army knife–like appliances that include a dictionary, calculator, web browser, email, Game Boy, appointment calendar, voice recorder, guitar tuner, weather forecaster, GPS, texter, tweeter, Facebook updater, and flashlight.

But there’s a fly in the ointment. There is no language instinct – Vyvyan Evans. Imagine you’re a traveller in a strange land. A local approaches you and starts jabbering away in an unfamiliar language. He seems earnest, and is pointing off somewhere. But you can’t decipher the words, no matter how hard you try. That’s pretty much the position of a young child when she first encounters language. Popular now Why is the speed of light the speed of light? What might we do with the genomics of the entire planet? What can paleogenetics tell us about our earliest ancestors? In the 1960s, the US linguist and philosopher Noam Chomsky offered what looked like a solution. At a stroke, this device removes the pain of learning one’s mother tongue, and explains how a child can pick up a native language in such a short time. Daily Weekly But let’s back up a little. What is in dispute is the claim that knowledge of language itself – the language software – is something that each human child is born with.

There are two basic arguments for the existence of this language instinct. Gateway. Brainstorming Doesn't Work; Try This Technique Instead. Evan Rosenbaum was 2 years old when his father brought home the Power Macintosh 7100. This was 1994, and the 7100, a new personal computer from Apple, was a hefty gray console, hardly anything to look at.

(It would be three years before Steve Jobs fatefully met the designer Jony Ive.) Nevertheless, the computer was cutting edge at the time, and Rosenbaum’s father, Howard, an accountant with entrepreneurial aspirations, unboxed it with delight. He installed it in the wood-paneled den overlooking the backyard of his Long Island home. "I just remember how excited he was, setting it up, seeing what it could do," Rosenbaum says. But then, Howard passed away suddenly, stricken with a heart attack at 35.

When Rosenbaum turned 3, then 4, he spent more and more time with the 7100. Rosenbaum didn’t realize the degree to which he associated his dad with the 7100 until the year he turned 6. One day in September, just as kindergarten was about to begin, the Sony Vaio came. How Missing Information Keeps Us Sane. You, as a reasonably typical human, miss more things visually than you would likely care to admit. How long has that chip been on your windshield anyway? When did the ad on this site change? Was it while you were looking at this post? (Disclaimer: I have no idea.) Sensory input is strange in this way: the brain protects us from pure data streams, so missing the initial windshield chip or the changing ad are not flaws, but shrewd adaptations.

This upside, or the identification of it as such, comes courtesy of new research from teams at the University of California, Berkeley, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, published today (but not yet online) in the journal Nature Neuroscience. What the researchers discovered is the existence of a sensory "continuity field" that merges similar objects viewed within a 15 second timeframe.

What happens without that is an effective overloading of the brain's processing ability, a hypersensitivity to changing shadows and sudden movements. Slenderman Stabbing Shows That Youth Crime Isn't Exclusive to Boys. News of youthful violence is all too familiar to us: the shootings, stabbings, bombings perpetrated by young people are the stuff we—necessarily—analyze, search for patterns, try to make sense of, as we did two weeks ago in the wake of Elliot Rodger’s massacre in Isla Vista.

But this week came a different kind of story, about two 12-year-old neighbors from the Milwaukee suburb of Waukesha, Wisconsin, who stabbed one of their friends nearly to death in the woods. According to reports, one of the assailants pushed the victim down and told the other, “Go ballistic. Go crazy,” before the other did as instructed, stabbing the girl 19 times as she cried, “I hate you. I trusted you.” The stabbing victim survived and crawled to the edge of the woods for help; her two attackers were arrested. One of them reportedly told police, “It was weird that I didn’t feel remorse,” while the other described a more torn reaction: “The bad part of me wanted her to die.

What To Do 15 Minutes Before A Presentation. Why I Fixed Fights. This is why boxing has failed. We have no confidence in the integrity of that sport anymore. SPORT first, business later. You were a part of that corruption, and it has hurt us all. Hold up...boxing used to be faaaaar more corrupt in the 60's, 50's and 40's yet, it was insanely popular (much more so than today, despite the fans knowing 'the fix' could be in). On the contrary, Juicy. If people like this had said "we know it's been bad, but here's how we're cleaning it up", then people would notice.

Bottom line: your point is exactly mine - it used to be far more popular than it is now, because NOW we know how corrupt it is. I think you're misunderstanding me. Jung Podcasts. This is a series of podcasts that explains Jung’s Psychology, starting with an overview of the psyche. 23 November 2009 In this episode I continue with Murray Stein’s quote on analysis; I examine issues such as frequency and length of session, couch vs. chair. "Jungian analysis, which takes place in a dialectical relationship between analyst and analysand, has for its goal the analysand’s movement toward psychological wholeness. This transformation of the personality requires coming to terms with the unconscious, its specific structures and their dynamic relations to consciousness as these become available during the course of analysis.

Play Podcast 10 November 2009 JUNG PODCAST#30 – ANALYSIS 1In this episode I begin to discuss the central idea of the practice of Analytical Psychology, that of Jungian Analysis. Play Podcast 19 February 2009 Play Podcast 17 February 2009 JUNG PODCAST #27 IN INDIVIDUATION 2In this episode I continue with the material on individuation. Play Podcast 17 October 2008.