Dr A Medina Vaya | Cranfield University. Areas of expertise Agrifood, Food Quality, Food Safety, Environmental Technology Current activities His key research areas are: Ecophysiology of mycotoxigenic fungi, with special attention to the effects that climate change may have on important crops Identification of fungal biomarkers for early detection of disease in soft fruits Discovery of new bioactive compounds exhibiting antifungal activity Development of rapid and sensitive techniques for mycotoxins analysis from culture media and food Development of high throughput techniques for studying the ecophysiology and toxin production of fungi during different developmental stages. He lectures on the MSc in Food Chain Systems, supervises Erasmus and MSc student projects and also participates in several PhD students’ supervision. Dr Medina-Vaya obtained his PhD degree in Microbiology in 2007 at the University of Valencia (Spain).
This Berlin supermarket has a vertical micro-farm inside it. INFARM is bringing fresh greens and herbs into the supermarket with its tiny vertical farms, which both grow and display the produce. While large-scale vertical urban farms may not be viable everywhere, scaled-down versions of this space-efficient growing method have been shown to be a potential good choice for a green small business, and the introduction of a new micro-scale offering from INFARM could bring the crops right into the grocery aisle.
Introducing "farming as a service," INFARM has launched what it calls "the first in-store farm in Europe" at a Berlin METRO supermarket location, with the mini-farm being dubbed simply "Kräuter Garten" (herb garden). It looks like a tiny greenhouse inside the store, and shoppers can pick their own freshly harvested salad greens and herbs right from the growing plants. Recovery Toolkit, Zero-Waste Grocers Aim to Fight Food Packaging Waste. Shoppers use their own containers for their groceries at a Zero Waste Market pop-up shop event. The startup is set to open a permanent location this year in Vancouver, BC, Canada. | Image credit: Zero Waste Market Following the success of grocery stores such as in.gredients in Austin, TX, and day by day in locations across France, other shops focused on eliminating packaging waste from their shelves have been popping up around the world.
Opening this year: new locations in Copenhagen, Vancouver, and Brooklyn. Inspired by Berlin, Germany’s Original Unverpackt, Frédéric Hamburger and Constance Leth are opening Scandinavia’s first zero-packaging supermarket, LØS Market, this summer. Similarly, Zero Waste Market will be Canada’s first zero-packaging supermarket, and is set to open a permanent location in Vancouver, BC by the end of this year. “I’ve been an advocate for eco-conscious living for as long as I can remember. “I’ve gotten a lot of fantastic feedback from the community. This zero-waste grocery store has no packaging, plastic or big-name brands. Australian researchers are hoping to change the lives of millions of people with spinal cord injuries with a 3cm long net of electrodes and wires. This ‘bionic spine’ would allow paralyzed patients to control bionic limbs with the use of subconscious thought.
The spine communicates with a transmitter on the patient’s shoulder, which then communicates with an external mobility assist device, such as an exoskeleton. One of the major benefits of this innovative technology is that it isn’t very invasive, and doesn’t require any open brain surgery. The device is implanted using a small catheter; it is fed through blood vessels into the brain until it reaches the top of the motor cortex, which is where nerve impulses initiate involuntary muscle movement. Electrodes on the bionic spine read these electrical impulses and transmit the information to bionic limbs, telling them to move. Brain-machine interface is one of the leading areas of research when it comes to the treatment of paralysis. WeFood: Madspild for 11,6 milliarder. Stop madspild, bekæmp sult.
[more] Figures in this publication 11 Followers 1,077 Reads Note: This list is based on the publications in our database and might not be exhaustive. Similar Publications Data provided are for informational purposes only. Seeds of change. The US plant-breeding company Cibus is proudly rolling out its first crop created with an innovative precision gene-editing technology: herbicide-tolerant oilseed rape.
The crop will be planted in the United States this spring and the firm already has authorization to cultivate it in Canada. The technology switches just a few nucleotides in a plant’s DNA; the company’s webpage points out that because it works without integrating foreign genetic material, the resulting plants cannot be stigmatized as transgenic. They will, it optimistically declares, “be globally acceptable”. Cibus, based in San Diego, California, hopes that plants imbued in this way with traits that improve their robustness or nutritional value will also find favour in the European Union (EU), where many countries vehemently oppose genetically modified (GM) crops created by transfer of specific foreign genes.
That hope has logic on its side, and it is not misplaced. “The European Commission is again playing for time.” CRISPR tweak may help gene-edited crops bypass biosafety regulation. Je Wook Woo These lettuce-plantlets have had their genomes edited with CRISPR/Cas9, but do not contain foreign DNA. A twist on a revolutionary gene-editing technique may make it possible to modify plant genomes while sidestepping national biosafety regulations, South Korean researchers say. Plant scientists have been quick to experiment with the popular CRISPR/Cas9 technique, which uses an enzyme called Cas9, guided by two RNA strands, to precisely cut segments of DNA in a genome.
By disabling specific genes in wheat and rice, for example, researchers hope to make disease-resistant strains of the crops. But the process can introduce bits of foreign DNA into plant genomes. Kim and his team tweaked the technique so that it can delete specific plant genes without introducing foreign DNA, creating plants that he and his colleagues think “might be exempt from current GMO regulations”2. “In terms of science, our approach is just another improvement in the field of genome editing.
DNA-free CRISPR. Europe’s genetically edited plants stuck in legal limbo. Stefan Jansson Stefan Jansson’s genetically edited thale cress (Arabidopsis) at the University of Umeå. The European Commission has not yet decided if such plants should be regulated as GM organisms. Plant geneticist Stefan Jansson is champing at the bit to start field trials on crops tweaked with powerful gene-editing technologies. He plans to begin by using edits to study how the cress plant Arabidopsis protects its photosynthetic machinery from damage in excessively bright light.
But the future of his work depends on the European Commission’s answer to a legal conundrum. Jansson, who works at Umeå University in Sweden, says that he will drop his experiments if the plants are classed as GM, because Europe’s onerous regulations would make his work too expensive and slow. The commission has repeatedly stalled on delivering its verdict, which will apply to edited animals and microorganisms as well as plants.
Gene editing ege statement. Genome editing of crops may be restricted by EU rules, warn scientists | Environment. A fledgling technology to manipulate the genes of crops in order to make them less susceptible to disease and more productive is at risk of falling foul of the European Union’s genetic modification rules, scientists warned on Monday. Genome editing is different to genetic modification, because it does not usually involve transplanting genes from one plant or species to another, but on pinpointing the genetic mutations that would occur naturally through selective breeding. This means that, in most cases, it mimics natural actions and does not require the wholesale transformation of genes with which GM is often associated.
Genome editing typically involves finding the part of a plant genome that could be changed to render it less vulnerable to disease, or resistant to certain herbicides, or increase yields or other desirable traits. But green campaigners are far from convinced. Gene editing could create medicines and self-fertilising crops. But are we facing another GM food-style furore? | Science. Crispr is Coming to Agriculture, with Big Implications for Food, Farmers, Consumers, and Nature. Illustration by Kelsey King Very few technologies truly merit the epithet “game changer” — but a new genetic engineering tool known as CRISPR-Cas9 is one of them. Since we first developed the ability to alter the genetic material inside a plant or animal in the 1970s, efforts to do so have required weeks, months or even years of molecular tinkering. With CRISPR (the technology’s shorthand name), precision and speed have soared. “In the past, it was a student’s entire Ph.D. thesis to change one gene,” Bruce Conklin, a geneticist at the Gladstone Institutes in San Francisco, recently told The New York Times.
“CRISPR just knocked that out of the park.” The tool is also extremely versatile and seems to work in nearly every creature and cell type in which it has been tried. And that, when it comes to agriculture and the environment, is both its promise and its peril. Game-changing Tool They soon succeeded in developing a programmable version of CRISPR.
CRISPR on the Farm Clarifying “GMO” The world’s first supermarket selling only expired food has opened in Denmark. People around the world are hearing more foreign accents than at any time in human history, as more people move around than ever before. In 2013, an estimated 232 million people (PDF) lived outside the country they’re from, seeking refuge or employment. In the US, 13% of the country’s 316 million residents are immigrants. Around 60 million of the world’s migrants have been displaced by war, including over a million Syrians, Iraqis, and Libyans who have sought asylum in Europe since 2014. These numbers don’t even capture the migration that happens within countries. In 2015, over 260 million rural Chinese are living in cities like Shanghai, Beijing, and Hong Kong, and the new arrivals don’t talk like the natives.
What are the consequences of this linguistic jumble? How our brains treat foreign accents Scientists are finding that the reasons for that discrimination may actually start with how our brains process foreign accents in the first place. Life with a foreign accent. How can business tackle double burden of obesity and undernutrition? - live chat | Guardian Sustainable Business.
Obesity is “an exploding nightmare” according to a recent World Health Organisation report, and it’s swiftly rising up the political agenda. Associated with health complications including type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, strokes and cancer, it’s estimated that 600 million people globally are obese. In the UK, it’s predicted that obese will be the most common body type in less than twenty years. Already, it costs the NHS £6bn a year. At the same time undernutrition remains a problem, especially in lower income countries. A recent study of the world’s 22 largest food companies by the Access to Nutrition Foundation, claimed industry is moving “far too slowly” to address the double burden presented by undernutrition and obesity. It recommended companies better measure the nutritional value of products, track revenues generated by healthier products, strengthen food labelling to help people identify healthier options, and market more responsibly to children.
Join the discussion Panel. CRISPR will change lives, but not only through genetic engineering. By Jacob Corn February 23 A researcher prepares DNA in a laboratory in France. (REUTERS/Robert Pratta) Each week, In Theory takes on a big idea in the news and explores it from a range of perspectives. This week we’re talking about human genetic engineering. Jacob Corn is scientific director of the Innovative Genomics Institute and a faculty member at the University of California at Berkeley. His research focuses on bringing about the end of genetic disease through the development and application of next-generation genome editing technologies. Find him on Twitter: @igisci. The whole world is abuzz about CRISPR, the new technology that’s allowing scientists to easily edit genetic data. But the biggest impact CRISPR will have on most people’s lives won’t be curing genetic diseases.
[Other perspectives: What’s the difference between genetic engineering and eugenics?] CRISPR stands for “clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats.” [What’s scarier?