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Port Hedland International Airport. Port Hedland International Airport (IATA: PHE, ICAO: YPPD) is an airport serving Port Hedland, Western Australia. The airport is 5 nautical miles (9.3 km; 5.8 mi) southeast[1] of Port Hedland and 11 km (6.8 mi) from South Hedland and is owned by the Town of Port Hedland Council. It is an important airport for passengers who work in the growing mining industry.

It is undergoing upgrades. Stage one of works include the extension of an existing taxiway and installation of new lighting, the construction of a new taxiway, widening of taxiway intersections and the extension of the domestic and international arrivals and departures area. This was to be completed by the end of July 2011.[2] Airlines and destinations[edit] Statistics[edit] Port Hedland International Airport was ranked 21st in Australia for the number of revenue passengers served in financial year 2010-2011.[3][4] Operations[edit] *Port Hedland-Perth route data only included from August 2009 See also[edit] References[edit]

Defence of Australia policy. The Defence of Australia Policy was Australia's dominant defence policy between 1972 and 1997. The policy was focused on the defence of continental Australia against external attack. Under this policy the Australian Defence Force was tailored to defending Australia rather than developing capabilities to operate outside Australian territory. Development[edit] The Defence of Australia (DOA) policy was adopted after the previous policy of "forward defence" was discredited in the public eye by Australia's involvement in the Vietnam War. The policy was developed during the 1970s and early 1980s before being formalised in the "Dibb Report" of 1986 and the 1987 and 1994 Defence White Papers.

Implications[edit] Specific force structure changes introduced under the DOA policy included: It is important to note, however, that the adoption of the DOA policy did not involve Australia adopting a policy of neutrality or completely disbanding its ability to deploy forces overseas. References[edit] Naval Communication Station Harold E. Holt. Coordinates: Naval Communication Station Harold E. Holt Naval Communication Station Harold E.

Holt is located on the northwest coast of Australia, 6 kilometres (4 mi) north of the town of Exmouth, Western Australia. The town of Exmouth was built at the same time as the communications station to provide support to the base and to house dependent families of U.S. Navy personnel. The station provides very low frequency (VLF) radio transmission to United States Navy and Royal Australian Navy ships and submarines in the western Pacific Ocean and eastern Indian Ocean. VLF Transmitter Masts[edit] Diagram of Towers The station features thirteen tall radio towers. On 3 March 2009, the Defence Materiel Organisation advertised on the AusTender website a tender to construct two new roads at the station. History[edit] Diagram of a Trideco type antenna like that installed at Harold E.

On 20 September 1968, the station was officially renamed to U.S. The majority of U.S. Harold E. See also[edit] Exmouth, Western Australia. Exmouth is a town on the tip of the North West Cape in Western Australia. The town is located 1,270 kilometres (789 mi) north of the state capital Perth and 3,366 kilometres (2,092 mi) southwest of Darwin. The town was established in 1967 to support the nearby United States Naval Communication Station Harold E. Holt. Beginning in the late 1970s, the town began hosting U.S. Air Force personnel assigned to Learmonth Solar Observatory, a defence science facility jointly operated with Australia's Ionospheric Prediction Service. History[edit] The location was first used as a military base in World War II. Tourism[edit] Nowadays the town relies more on tourism than the station for its existence.

Exmouth is one of the few areas in Australia that can boast the "Range to Reef" experience. On 22 March 1999, Tropical Cyclone Vance reached category 5 status as it made landfall near Exmouth. Vance caused significant flooding and property damage but there were no deaths.[2][3] Climate[edit] List of the busiest airports in Australia. Total monthly arrivals to Australia since 1976 This is a list of the busiest airports in Australia by passenger traffic and aircraft movements.

Top 11 by passenger traffic 1985–2011 This is a list of the busiest airports in Australia by passenger traffic compiled by the Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics. All passenger numbers are listed in thousands.[1] Note: Avalon Airport has not been included in this table, however traffic at Avalon is expected to be at approximately 1.4 million per annum[2] placing it at the 12th position after Townsville International Airport. Top 12 by aircraft movements in 2009-2011 calendar years This is a list of the busiest airports in Australia by aircraft movements compiled by Airservices Australia.[3] Airports by passenger traffic in 2009–2010 This list is compiled from the Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics.[4] Note: data not available for Avalon Airport.

See also List of airports in Australia References. Carnarvon Airport. Australian Defence Force. During the first decades of the 20th century, the Australian Government established the armed services as separate organisations. Each service had an independent chain of command. In 1976, the government made a strategic change and established the ADF to place the services under a single headquarters. Over time, the degree of integration has increased and tri-service headquarters, logistics and training institutions have supplanted many single-service establishments.

The ADF is technologically sophisticated but relatively small. Although the ADF's 57,994 full-time active-duty personnel, 22,072 active reserves and 22,166 standby reserves make it the largest military in Oceania, it is still smaller than most Asian militaries. Nonetheless, the ADF is supported by a significant budget by worldwide standards and is able to deploy forces in multiple locations outside Australia.

Role[edit] Legal standing[edit] Current priorities[edit] History[edit] Formation[edit] Defence of Australia era[edit] List of Australian military bases. The Australian Defence Force is made up of the Royal Australian Navy, Royal Australian Air Force and the Australian Army. These three military branches have numerous military bases situated in all the States and Territories of Australia. Most of Australian Defence Force bases are equipped with Everyman's Welfare Service recreation centres.[1] Australian Defence Force (Joint)[edit] Australian Capital Territory[edit] New South Wales[edit] Defence Plaza, Sydney Victoria[edit] Australian Army[edit] Australian Capital Territory[edit] Royal Military College, Duntroon New South Wales[edit] Northern Territory[edit] Queensland[edit] South Australia[edit] Tasmania[edit] Victoria[edit] Western Australia[edit] Royal Australian Air Force[edit] Australian Capital Territory[edit] RAAF Base Fairbairn (disbanded) New South Wales[edit] Northern Territory[edit] Queensland[edit] South Australia[edit] Victoria[edit] Western Australia[edit] [edit] Australian Capital Territory[edit] HMAS Harman – Canberra New South Wales[edit]

Defence Science and Technology Organisation. To achieve its mission, DSTO provides scientific and technical support to current defence operations, investigates future technologies for defence and national security applications, advises on the purchase and smart use of defence equipment, develops new defence capabilities, and enhances existing systems by improving performance and safety and reducing the cost of owning defence assets. The Chief Defence Scientist leads the DSTO.

The position is supported by an independent Advisory Board with representatives from defence, industry, academia and the science community. DSTO has an annual budget of approximately $440 million and employs over 2500 staff, predominantly scientists, engineers, IT specialists and technicians. DSTO has establishments in all Australian states and the Australian Capital Territory with posted representatives in Washington, London and Tokyo.

DSTO manages the Capability and Technology Demonstrator (CTD) program on behalf of Defence. History[edit] Sites[edit] Woomera Test Range. The RAAF Woomera Test Range (WTR, previously known as the Woomera Test Facility, the Woomera Rocket Range, and the Long Range Weapons Establishment, Woomera) is a weapons testing range operated by the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) Aerospace Operational Support Group.[1][2] The day-to-day operation and administration of the WTR is the responsibility of Headquarters, RAAF Woomera Test Range, based at RAAF Base Edinburgh. The range facility is located in South Australia, in that State's north-west pastoral region. The gateway to the Range is the Defence support base Woomera long referred to as 'Woomera Village'.

Woomera is located approximately 500 kilometres (310 mi) north-west of Adelaide. Tourism[edit] History[edit] After the cancellation of the Joint Project the range operated occasionally in support of Australian Defence projects as they arose and also in support of German and NASA Sounding Rocket launches to observe the Supernova 1987A and other astronomical experiments. Books. RAAF Woomera Airfield. RAAF Woomera Airfield (IATA: UMR, ICAO: YPWR) is an operational Royal Australian Air Force airfield located 3 nautical miles (5.6 km; 3.5 mi) north[1] of the Woomera Defence Village, in South Australia.

Operational management of the airfield (and its satellite airfield "Evetts Field") is under the command and control of Headquarters, Woomera Test Range (which is located approximately 450 km (280 mi) south-east of Woomera, at RAAF Base Edinburgh near Adelaide). The airfield is an integral part of the aerospace test and evaluation role the RAAF Woomera Test Range (WTR) provides for Australia. There are full-time operational staff at Woomera supporting airfield operations, but access to the field is controlled through the WTR headquarters in Adelaide. Normally, civilian aircraft are not given permission to use the airfield unless such use is related to Defence activities at Woomera.

The airfield is also well able to handle larger aircraft types such as the C-5 Galaxy and Boeing 747. NHIndustries NH90. The NHIndustries NH90 is a medium sized, twin-engine, multi-role military helicopter. It was developed and is manufactured by NHIndustries, which collaborates with and is owned by Eurocopter, AgustaWestland and Fokker Technologies. There are two main variants, the Tactical Transport Helicopter (TTH) for Army use and the naval NATO Frigate Helicopter (NFH), but each have several sub-types with different weapons, sensors and cabins. The NH90 was developed in response to NATO requirements for a battlefield helicopter that was also capable of being operated in the naval environment. The first prototype had its maiden flight in December 1995; the type began entering service in 2007.

As of 2013, a total of thirteen nations have ordered the NH90 with deliveries starting in 2006. Design and development[edit] Origins[edit] NH90 cockpit Production[edit] The first NH90s were delivered by late 2006 to the German Army. Concerns over performance[edit] Rear cargo ramp, German Army NH90 Australia[edit] Pole Position Imagery • F-18 Hornet 2OCU RAAF 70th anniversary RAAF Fast Jet F-18 Hornet F-111 Training Flights Strike Mission FCI F-111 media day. Glock. Despite initial resistance from the market to accept a "plastic gun" due to durability and reliability concerns, and fears that the pistol would be "invisible" to metal detectors in airports, Glock pistols have become the company's most profitable line of products, commanding 65% of the market share of handguns for United States law enforcement agencies as well as supplying numerous national armed forces and security agencies worldwide.[6] Glocks are also popular firearms amongst civilians for recreational/competition shooting, home/self defense and concealed/open carry.[7] History[edit] The company's founder, engineer Gaston Glock, had no experience with firearm design or manufacture at the time their first pistol, the Glock 17, was being prototyped.

Development[edit] A "first generation" Glock 17 with the slide locked back displaying its vertical barrel tilt A "second generation" Glock 17, identified by the checkering on the front and rear straps of the pistol grip and trigger guard. Heckler & Koch MP5. The Heckler & Koch MP5 (from German: Maschinenpistole 5, "machine pistol model 5") is a 9mm submachine gun of German design, developed in the 1960s by a team of engineers from the German small arms manufacturer Heckler & Koch GmbH (H&K) of Oberndorf am Neckar. There are over 100 variants of the MP5,[4] including a semi-automatic version. The MP5 is one of the most widely used submachine guns in the world,[5] having been adopted by 40 nations and numerous military, law enforcement, intelligence, and security organizations.[3] In the 1990s, Heckler & Koch developed the Heckler & Koch UMP, the MP5's successor; both are available as of 2014[update].[6] History[edit] Heckler & Koch, encouraged by the success of the G3 automatic rifle, developed a family of small arms consisting of four types of firearms all based on a common G3 design layout and operating principle.

Design details[edit] Features[edit] A view through the weapon's aperture sight The MP5 has a hammer firing mechanism. Receiver[edit] Heckler & Koch MP7. The MP7 is a German Personal Defence Weapon (PDW) manufactured by Heckler & Koch (H&K) and chambered for the HK 4.6×30mm cartridge. It was designed with the new cartridge to meet NATO requirements published in 1989, as these requirements call for a personal defense weapon (PDW) class firearm, with a greater ability to defeat body armor than current weapons limited to conventional pistol cartridges. The MP7 went into production in 2001. It is a direct rival to the FN P90, also developed in response to NATO's requirement.

The weapon has been revised since its introduction and the current production version is the MP7A1.[8][9] The proliferation of high-quality body armour has begun to make guns that fire pistol ammunition (such as Heckler & Koch's earlier MP5 submachine gun or USP pistol) ineffective. Design details[edit] Ammunition[edit] A German Army soldier demonstrates the MP7A1 of the IdZ program. Variants[edit] Accessories[edit] Users[edit] Gallery[edit] See also[edit] References[edit] Rapier (missile) Rapier is a British surface-to-air missile developed for the British Army and Royal Air Force. Entering service in 1971, it eventually replaced all other anti-aircraft weapons in Army service; guns for low-altitude targets, and the English Electric Thunderbird,[2] used against longer-range and higher-altitude targets.

As the expected air threat moved from medium-altitude strategic missions to low-altitude strikes, the fast reaction time and high maneuverability of the Rapier made it more formidable than either of these weapons, replacing most of them by 1977. It remains the UK's primary air-defence weapon after almost 35 years of service, and its deployment is expected to continue until 2020. [citation needed] Rapier began development in 1961 as a private venture at British Aircraft Corporation (BAC) known as "Sightline".[3] The project was to combat supersonic, low level, high manoeuvrability craft, eschewing any attempt at automated guidance in favour of a purely optical system. M60 machine gun. FN FAL. Westland Lynx. NHIndustries NH90. British Aerospace Sea Harrier. Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II. British Aerospace Harrier II. McDonnell Douglas AV-8B Harrier II. Joint Strike Fighter program. AIM-120 AMRAAM. Tomahawk (missile) Westland Wessex.

Aermacchi MB-326. AIM-9 Sidewinder. Commando Helicopter Force. AIM-54 Phoenix. AGM-65 Maverick. Roland (missile) Exocet. Aérospatiale Gazelle. Anti-tank warfare. Commando. GlobalSecurity.org - Reliable Security Information. Defending Australia in the Asia Pacific Century: Force 2030. Chief Capability Development Group. Signals intelligence in modern history. Joint Combat Aircraft. British Aerospace Sea Harrier. Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II. British Aerospace Harrier II. Joint Force Harrier. Land Rover. Conscription in Australia. Thales Australia. Joint terminal attack controller. 1982 Commonwealth Games. Mt bundey training area. Mark 46 torpedo. MU90 Impact. Bradshaw Field Training Area. Shoalwater Bay.

Military Working Dogs. M4 carbine. Joint Health Command. Barack Obama cheers 'victory' on 60th anniversary of Korean War armistice. RAN Sea Power Conference 2013. International Fleet Review 2013. Australian defence project air sea land joint. Operation Solace. HMAS Tobruk. AGM-114 Hellfire. Typhoon Weapon Station. Chukar III Aerial Target. Unmanned aerial vehicle. Tomahawk (missile) AGM-88 HARM. ADM-141 TALD. BQM-74E Chukar III. Northrop BQM-74 Chukar. Ready Reserve Force (RRF) Ready Reserve Force (RRF) - Navy Ships. AMR 50 cal AW50F. RAMSI congratulated on 10 years.

Australian Defence: Latest defence industry news, events and special reports. Australian Defence News | Asia Pacific Defence Reporter. CTF635 concludes role with RAMSI. Defence Ministers. Australian Government, Department of Defence. Unified Task Force. Australian Defence Force. Peacekeeping, Humanitarian and Post-Cold War Operations. United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR) International Force for East Timor. Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands. War in Afghanistan.

Iraq War. Australian Defence Force Cadets. PAC CT/4 Airtrainer. RAAF Base Townsville. Australian multicam. DPDU. DPCU. International Force for East Timor.