The Key to Changing Organizational Culture. Human factors/ergonomics – Organisational culture. Why is organisational culture important?
Culture can be best understood as "the way we do things around here". Culture forms the context within which people judge the appropriateness of their behaviour. An organisation's culture will influence human behaviour and human performance at work. Poor safety culture has contributed to many major incidents and personal injuries. An organisation's culture can have as big an influence on safety outcomes as the safety management system. A Safety Climate survey provides a snapshot of the organisation's culture in relation to safety. The largest influences on safety culture are: management commitment and style; employee involvement; training and competence; communication; compliance with procedures; and organisational learning. Therefore, this key topic contains links to three other issues: Key principles on organisational culture A culture change process can take several years.
Further guidance on organisational culture. Organisation Culture. 96600">Price, If & Shaw, Ray 1998, Shifting the Patterns: Breaching the Memetic Codes of Corporate Performance.
Chalford, Gloucs: Management Books 2000. Schein, Edgar H.1992, (2nd ed) Organizational Culture and Leadership. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. Schein, Edgar H. 1999, The Corporate Culture Survival Guide: Sense and Nonsense About Culture Change. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. Schneider, William 1994, The Reengineering Alternative: A Plan for Making Your Current Culture Work. Scott-Morgan, Peter 1994, The Unwritten Rules of the Game.
Sentell, Gerald 1998, Creating Change-Capable Cultures. Sherriton, Jacalyn & Stern, James L. 1997, Corporate Culture, Team Culture: Removing the Hidden Barriers to Team Success. Sperber, Dan 1996, Explaining Culture: A Naturalistic Approach. Trice, Harrison & Beyer, Janice M. 1993, The Cultures of Work Organizations. [Top] [Home] Understanding Organisational Culture. Interest in organisational culture began in the early '80s when management gurus such as Tom Peters began to focus on culture as a differentiator of successful organisations.
In the past twenty-odd years interest in culture has increased as case studies have identified a strong link between organisational culture and its performance. In this article I discuss: • What is organisational culture? • Why is culture important? • Different types of culture• Methods for diagnosing organisational culture• Changing organisational culture What is organisational culture? Organisational culture is the personality of the organisation, 'the way we do things around here'. Management psychologist Schein describes culture as a phenomenon that surrounds us all. It can be seen through: 1. Why is culture important? Evidence shows that organisations who have strong cultures are capable of increasing revenue, profitability and shareholder value.
Different types of culture Power cultures with a single power source. Organizational culture. Organizational culture is the behavior of humans who are part of an organization and the meanings that the people reach to their actions.
Culture includes the organization values, visions, norms, working language, systems, symbols, beliefs, and habits. It is also the pattern of such collective behaviors and assumptions that are taught to new organizational members as a way of perceiving, and even thinking and feeling. Organizational culture affects the way people and groups interact with each other, with clients, and with stakeholders. Ravasi and Schultz (2006) state that organizational culture is a set of shared mental assumptions that guide interpretation and action in organizations by defining appropriate behavior for various situations. At the same time although a company may have their "own unique culture", in larger organizations, there is a diverse and sometimes conflicting cultures that co-exist due to different characteristics of the management team. Usage Types