LinBi – Linking Biodiversity and Culture Information. Physical distancing from manuscripts and the presence of the digital facsimile – Cambridge Medieval Graduate Students. Suzette van Haaren is a PhD student at the University of St Andrews and the University of Groningen.
She is writing her dissertation on the effects of digitisation for the reproduction, perception and preservation of medieval manuscripts. Follow her on Twitter @suzettevhaaren. It seems that on my daily rounds of exercise (be they walks or cycle rides) through Cambridge, I find myself gravitating more and more back to the spaces where I look at manuscripts.
Today I passed by Corpus Christi College, where, behind the large wooden doors, the Parker Library is situated. My current case study is kept there: the Bury Bible (CCCC, ms. 2), a giant twelfth century bible, now bound in three volumes, that originates from the monastery of Bury St Edmunds and is one of the most treasured examples of English Romanesque manuscript painting. Before I begin, I would like to acknowledge that the physical distance from manuscripts as research objects we are experiencing is not new. [xii] Green 2018. Plant Humanities Lab. Fall 2020 Residency Exhibit Page. As the gravity of the COVID-19 pandemic was becoming clear in the early months of 2020, the Oak Spring Garden Foundation was forced to critically re-think much of our on-site programming.
Collaborative in-person residencies could not be hosted as originally planned. Fortunately, the artists who had applied and been selected for our 2020 residency program have been incredibly flexible as we have sought new ways of supporting them this year. In lieu of a collaborative in-person residency, our 2020 Artists in Residence: Have the option to participate in a socially-distanced residency on our site. These residents come alone, are given a house to themselves, and complete a two-week quarantine before accessing our other facilities.Have the option to delay their residency until 2021.Participated in a teleconferenced artist showcase with OSGF staff and the other residents from their cohort.Submitted works for an online artist showcase. Explore our Fall 2020 AiR cohort and their works below. Creativity Unlocked Part 2: The interwoven history of science and art. The second of a four-part blog series 'Creativity Unlocked: Exploring the art in the science' by Heidi Ma, about how the history of art is shaped by the environment and scientific endeavours, and reflects diverse human-nature relationships.
Throughout art history, artistic periods were often inspired by nature and reflect the changing relationship of people with nature. In some of the earliest known artworks, such as the prehistoric paintings in the Lascaux and Chauvet caves in France, megafauna such as aurochs, lions, horses, and rhinos were depicted in large numbers while few humans were shown, suggesting the importance of animals in paleolithic life. Besides demonstrating advanced artistic skills, even inspiring Picasso’s modernist experimentations, early cave art around the world is also a rich source of data for research on human evolution, development of language, indigenous ecological knowledge, and human-wildlife relationships. Digitally Traversing Global Plant Histories — Dumbarton Oaks. Virtual Plant Humanities Summer Program brought diverse disciplines, resources, and scholars together to create timely plant narratives By May Wang In 1999, the botanist-educators James Wandersee and Elisabeth Schussler embarked on a campaign against what they called “plant blindness,” defined as “the inability to see or notice the plants in one’s environment” and “the inability to recognize the importance of plants in the biosphere and in human affairs.”
Two decades later, the Mellon-funded Plant Humanities Initiative joins environmental scholars and activists to communicate the significance of plants to human culture. Whereas Wandersee and Schussler spread their mission with an iconic poster featuring red spectacles, the new Initiative leverages the connectivity afforded by the digital world. Students came from fields as diverse as history, archaeology, anthropology, geography, literature, and performance studies. May Wang is postgraduate writing and reporting fellow at Dumbarton Oaks. Making Sense. Open access This collection is completely open access, meaning everything is fully accessible without any charge.
Cite this collection Gassó, E., Stork, L., Weber, A., Ameryan, M., Wolstencroft K, Natuurkundige Commissie Archives Online. Leiden: Brill, 2020. doi:10.1163/isbn.9789004336865. Bringing the past back to life with the Estense Digital Library. The Biblioteca Estense Universitaria has recently launched a new digital platform which brings the institution’s rich and varied collections to the fingertips of students, teachers, scholars and whoever takes an interest in them.
The platform, called the Estense Digital Library (EDL for short), contains the library’s entire collection of maps and musical documents, as well as the archives of Ludovico Antonio Muratori (1672 - 1750), an eminent Italian scholar who was archivist and librarian at the Estense Court in the first half of the 18th century. In total, about 8,453 documents are now available on EDL, and we plan to add a thousand more in the coming year. Users will be able to leaf through these precious and fragile documents through 750,000 high-resolution images. Bringing together records in an interoperable platform. Cults, Cacti, and Chavín — Dumbarton Oaks. Michelle Young reconstructs ancient rituals and reveals the long-distance connections in ancient Peru Michelle Young, adjunct faculty in history and art history at George Mason University, was a 2019–2020 junior fellow in Pre-Columbian Studies.
How to set up a generous interface prototype in less than a day. Last month, EuropeanaTech published a new edition of EuropeanaTech Insight on Generous Interfaces, The term, coined by Mitchell Whitelaw refers to interfaces that, ‘offer rich, browsable views; provide evocative samples of primary content; and support an understanding of context and relationships’.
As members of the EuropeanaTech community, we at the Swedish National Heritage Board have contributed an article to that issue about an evaluation of generous interfaces that we’ve recently concluded. As part of the evaluation, we developed a prototype generous interface application of our own. Reflections on TDWG 2020 Virtual sessions and other thoughts on long term data infrastructures – DiSSCoTech. This year the annual conference of the Biodiversity Information Standards (historically known as the Taxonomic Databases Working Group — TDWG) is virtual and happening in two parts.
The working sessions were concluded a few weeks ago and are separated from the virtual conference, which will be held on October 19-23. All the recordings of the working sessions are now available in youtube. As several people already mentioned in twitter (#TDWG2020) the single track and the virtual format allowed participation from around the world which generated a wide range of discussions on not just data standards but also about data curation, attribution, annotation, integration, publication and most importantly the human efforts that are behind the data and systems. It is this human aspect in the midst of our current data-intensive approach got me thinking about several contrasting aspects of biodiversity informatics and natural science collections management.
Like this: Like Loading... Historical data. A portrait – History in translation – Mateusz Fafinski. Historical data is not what you think it is and you should be careful when you use it.
This is the tl;dr version of this article. But there is of course more to it. We observe recently a particular proliferation of data science forays into the historical datasets. Isn’t that cool? But most of them tend to range on a scale from bad to very bad. 3D images of 19th-century glass marine invertebrates go online. Touch or click and drag your mouse to explore. View more 3D models. The researchers successfully digitized 19th-century glass models of 15 marine invertebrates made by Rudolf and Leopold Blaschka. In order to capture the intricacy, detail, and glossy surfaces of these models, the researchers took 250 to 700 images of each invertebrate, created specific lighting, and, for the more challenging models, administered X-ray computed-tomography (CT) scans. The full team is made up of Hanken and MCZ curatorial assistant Jonathan Woodward as well as Peter Fried (NYU Tandon School of Engineering), David Brown (Herbert F.
Johnson Museum of Art, Cornell University), and Drew Harvell (Cornell University). “Handling the Blaschka models requires focus and patience, but it’s such a genuine pleasure to pay focused attention to such beautiful and intricate objects,” said Woodward, who performed the micro-CT scans. The Daily Gazette Sign up for daily emails to get the latest Harvard news. Sustaining Digital Humanities in the UK. September 25, 2020 Report Open Access Giles Bergel; Pip Willcox; Guyda Armstrong; James Baker; Arianna Ciula; Nicholas Cole; Julianne Nyhan; Mia Ridge; Oscar Seip; Claire Taylor; Pip Thornton; Elizabeth Williamson; Jane Winters Other(s) David De Roure.
Our response to the EC consultations on digital technologies and the cultural heritage sector. This week, we have submitted our response to the European Commission’s consultation on the opportunities offered by digital technologies for the cultural heritage sector. Making and Knowing. AHRC Collaborative Doctoral Partnership training grant: 'The Duchess of Botany: Mary Somerset, Jacob Bobart, and the Formation of the Oxford Botanic Garden' - All Things SED.
Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) and the University of Oxford Botanic Garden and Arboretum (OBGA) are pleased to announce the availability of a fully funded doctoral grant from January 2021. This studentship is funded for 4 years full time (or part-time equivalent). It directly complements attention to OBGA’s heritage in preparation for celebrating the Botanic Garden’s 400th anniversary in 2021 by exploring key aspects of its early history. Literary and Cultural Plant Studies Network. DHLab - PixPlot. Overview PixPlot facilitates the dynamic exploration of tens of thousands of images. Inspired by Benoît Seguin et al.’s paper at DH Krakow (2016), PixPlot uses the penultimate layer of a pre-trained convolutional neural network for image captioning to derive a robost featurization space in 2,048 dimensions. Initial projects at Yale have used the software to visualize cultural heritage images held in the Beinecke Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Yale Center for British Art, and the Medical Historical Library.
Improved Dimensionality Reduction. DHLab - Projects. International Image Interoperability Framework. You may have heard about IIIF (pronounced “triple eye eff”, which stands for the International Image Interoperability Framework) and you may have seen the IIIF logo on websites but did you know that you can take that IIIF resource and use it in another viewer or compatible tool? Different IIIF tools have different features, for example Mirador will allow annotation but the UniversalViewer supports Audio/Visual.
Digital content editing. Our Manifest Editor is a visual tool for working with IIIF resources. 975: Magnolia sphenocarpa Roxb. Workshop Exploring New Digital Tools for Botany and the Humanities. Archives, Herbarium and the Arctic: Biodiversity Preservation at RBGE – Botanical Blether. Tagging Edith Clements’s Art. Arnold Arboretum Acquisitions: The Life and Death of Data. A Database for Three Dioscoridean Illustrated Herbals. William Gardiner (1809-1852): The Flora of Forfarshire. Digitisation: Beyond the Sciences. I am a member of the English faculty with a special interest in the history of science and collecting, and I'm a scholar of what we call "the material text".
This means I don't just study the verbal content of literary texts, but a much broader context which is established by researching how people created, altered, and used original manuscripts, printed books and non-book items. A plant specimen mounted on paper, annotated, sent by post and then added to a manuscript which was itself added to over time and also used as a source for a printed text is a very rich object of study. Dumbarton Oaks and JSTOR to launch Plant Humanities Initiative - News. #PlantHumanities, #plant #VisualCultures: #botanical #drawings as proxy #specimens, used by #herbarium #botanists in plant identification. Shown here: 1 &2 by #Vishnupersaud, 3 & 4 by William #Burchell, early #C19. #art & #science in counterpo.
Plant Humanities Initiative. The advisory committee provides critical guidance as we determine the digital tool concept to develop, as well as subject matter expertise, digital humanities expertise, and general support for the project. How Have Plants Shaped Human Societies? Quinine (Scientific name: Cinchona) is a plant that has influenced the course of human history. Oxford University and National Trust announce research partnership. Culture is Digital. Europeana: 10 reasons to open up your digital cultural heritage data.
Ten years ago, the European Union was inspired by its Member States to make a bold statement - that access to our cultural heritage online is too important to leave to market forces - and Europeana was born. Linking digitisation efforts of natural sciences and humanities. N I N E S. When we digitise an item, we measure the pages to ensure the scan dimensions exactly match the original. This gets complicated when we get a quirky volume like this. #WeLoveAChallenge (Museum Brochure Vol. 1-6, 1905-17. Carl Haussknecht (1838–1903)