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Machu Picchu ( Spanish pronunciation: [ˈmatʃu ˈpiktʃu] , Quechua : Machu Picchu [ˈmɑtʃu ˈpixtʃu] , "Old Peak") is a 15th-century Inca site located 2,430 metres (7,970 ft) above sea level . [ 1 ] [ 2 ] Machu Picchu is located in the Cusco Region of Peru, South America . It is situated on a mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley in Peru , which is 80 kilometres (50 mi) northwest of Cusco and through which the Urubamba River flows. Most archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was built as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438–1472). Often referred to as the "City of the Incas", it is perhaps the most familiar icon of Inca civilization .
Kyoto ( 京都市 , Kyōto-shi ? ) ( Japanese pronunciation: [kʲoːto] ( listen ) ) is a city in the central part of the island of Honshu , Japan. It has a population close to 1.5 million. Formerly the imperial capital of Japan , it is now the capital of Kyoto Prefecture , as well as a major part of the Kyoto-Osaka-Kobe metropolitan area.
Nara ( 奈良市 , Nara-shi ? ) is the capital city of Nara Prefecture in the Kansai region of Japan. The city occupies the northern part of Nara Prefecture, directly bordering Kyoto Prefecture . Eight temples, shrines and ruins in Nara, specifically Tōdai-ji , Saidai-ji , Kōfuku-ji , Kasuga Shrine , Gangō-ji , Yakushi-ji , Tōshōdai-ji , and the Heijō Palace remain, together with Kasugayama Primeval Forest, collectively form " Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara ", a UNESCO World Heritage Site . [ edit ] Etymology According to the year 720 Japanese book Nihon Shoki [ 1 ] the name " Nara " derived from the Japanese verb narasu "to flatten" and Nara is located in the flat Nara Basin ( ja:奈良盆地 ). [ 2 ] This is a folk etymology with other examples found in plenty throughout the text.
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