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Yoga ( Sanskrit , Pāli : योग , /ˈjəʊɡə/, yoga ) is a commonly known generic term for physical , mental , and spiritual disciplines which originated in ancient India . [ 1 ] [ 2 ] Specifically, yoga is one of the six āstika ("orthodox") schools of Hindu philosophy . One of the most detailed and thorough expositions on the subject are the Yoga Sūtras of Patañjali . Various traditions of yoga are found in Hinduism , Buddhism , Jainism and Sikhism . [ 3 ] [ 4 ] [ 5 ] Pre–philosophical speculations and diverse ascetic practices of first millennium BCE were systematized into a formal philosophy in early centuries CE by the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali . [ 6 ] By the turn of the first millennium, Hatha yoga emerged as a prominent tradition of yoga distinct from the Patanjali's Yoga Sutras . While the Yoga Sutras focus on discipline of the mind, Hatha yoga concentrates on health and purity of the body. [ 7 ]
Asana ( Sanskrit : आसन āsana [ˈɑːsənə] 'sitting down', < आस ās 'to sit down' [ 1 ] ) is a body position, typically associated with the practice of Yoga , originally identified as a mastery of sitting still. [ 2 ] In the context of Yoga practice, asana refers to two things: the place where a practitioner (or yogin, in general usage), yogi (male), or yogini (female) sits and the manner (posture) in which he/she sits. [ 3 ] In the Yoga sutras , Patanjali suggests that asana is "to be seated in a position that is firm, but relaxed" for extended, or timeless periods. [ 4 ]
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