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Brazilian jiu-jitsu. Brazilian jiu-jitsu (/dʒuːˈdʒɪtsuː/; Portuguese: [ˈʒiw ˈʒitsu], [ˈʒu ˈʒitsu], [dʒiˈu dʒiˈtsu]) (BJJ; Portuguese: jiu-jitsu brasileiro) is a martial art, combat sport, and a self defense system that focuses on grappling and especially ground fighting.

Brazilian jiu-jitsu

Brazilian jiu-jitsu was formed from Kodokan Judo ground fighting (newaza) fundamentals that were taught by a number of individuals including Takeo Yano, Mitsuyo Maeda and Soshihiro Satake. Brazilian jiu-jitsu eventually came to be its own art through the experiments, practices, and adaptation of the judo knowledge of Carlos and Hélio Gracie, who then passed their knowledge on to their extended family. History[edit] Origins[edit] Geo Omori opened the first jujutsu / judo school in Brazil in 1909. [5] He would go on to teach a number of individuals including Luiz França. Gastão Gracie was a business partner of the American Circus in Belém.

Name[edit] Some confusion has arisen over the employment of the term 'jiudo'. Arnis. For the small town in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, see Arnis, Germany.


Arnis, also known as Eskrima and Kali, is the national sport and martial art of the Philippines. The three are roughly interchangeable umbrella terms for the traditional martial arts of the Philippines ("Filipino Martial Arts," or FMA) that emphasize weapon-based fighting with sticks, knives, bladed weapons and various improvised weapons. It is also known as Estoque (Spanish for rapier), Estocada (Spanish for thrust or stab) and Garrote (Spanish for club). Right of self-defense. The right of self-defense (also called, when it applies to the defense of another, alter ego defense, defense of others, defense of a third person) is the right for persons to use reasonable force or defensive force, for the purpose of defending one's own life or the lives of others, including, in certain circumstances, the use of deadly force.

Right of self-defense

Pencak-Silat. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.


La pratique du silat et du pencak se caractérise par un grand nombre d'écoles ou aliran, littéralement « courants ». Histoire[modifier | modifier le code] La combinaison de pencak et de silat a été faite la première fois en 1948 lors de la création de la première fédération nationale, la fédération indonésienne de pencak silat : l'Ikatan Pencak Silat Indonesia (IPSI). Pencak silat est depuis le terme officiel pour désigner l'art de combat des peuples Malais.

On constate que le silat n'existe pas dans la tradition balinaise, même si Bali possède une tradition d'arts martiaux qui est le pencak. Wuxia. Wuxia, which literally means "martial hero", is a broad genre of Chinese fiction concerning the adventures of martial artists in ancient China.


Although wuxia is traditionally a form of literature, its popularity has caused it to spread to diverse art forms such as Chinese opera, manhua, films, television series and video games. It forms part of popular culture in many Chinese-speaking communities around the world. The word "wuxia" is a compound composed of the elements wu (lit. "martial", "military", or "armed") and xia (lit.

"honourable", "chivalrous", or "hero"). Self-defense. "Home defense" redirects here.


For the film, see Home Defense. This telescopic steel security baton is sold to the public in Japan (2009). §Physical[edit] Physical self-defense is the use of physical force to counter an immediate threat of violence. Such force can be either armed or unarmed. Yoga. Yoga (/ˈjoʊɡə/; Sanskrit: योग, Listen) is an Indian physical, mental, and spiritual practice or discipline.


There is a broad variety of schools, practices and goals in Hinduism, Buddhism (including Vajrayana and Tibetan Buddhism[2][3][4]) and Jainism.[5][6][7][6] The best-known are Hatha yoga and Raja yoga. The origins of Yoga have been speculated to date back to pre-Vedic Indian traditions, but most likely developed around the sixth and fifth centuries BCE, in ancient India's ascetic circles, which are also credited with the early sramana movements.

[note 1] The chronology of earliest texts describing yoga-practices is unclear, varyingly credited to Hindu Upanishads[9] and Buddhist Pāli Canon,[10] probably of third century BCE or later. The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali from first half of 1st millennium CE is one of a key surviving major texts on Yoga.[11][12] Hatha yoga texts emerged around 11th century CE, and in its origins was related to Tantrism.[13][14] Terminology. Course d'orientation. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.

Course d'orientation

La course d’orientation est un sport de pleine nature qui se pratique avec carte et boussole qui se déroule en général dans la forêt ou plus rarement en ville. La forme traditionnelle est une course à pied de type tout terrain mais d’autres formes de course d’orientation sont nées au fil des années, notamment à VTT et à ski. Une personne pratiquant cette activité est appelée un orienteur (orienteuse au féminin).

Principe[modifier | modifier le code] Au départ d'une course traditionnelle, l'orienteur reçoit une carte et la définition des postes; le terrain qu’elle représente ne lui est pas connu. Course d'orientation.