background preloader

History

Facebook Twitter

Witches, Midwives, and Nurses by Barbara Ehrenreich and Deirdre English 1973. Source: The Memory Hole;First Published: in 1973 by The Feminist Press at CUNY. Introduction Women have always been healers. They were the unlicensed doctors and anatomists of western history. They were abortionists, nurses and counsellors. They were pharmacists, cultivating healing herbs and exchanging the secrets of their uses. They were midwives, travelling from home to home and village to village. Today, however, health care is the property of male professionals. When we are allowed to participate in the healing process, we can do so only [as] nurses. Our subservience is reinforced by our ignorance, and our ignorance is enforced. We are told that our subservience is biologically ordained: women are inherently nurse-like and not doctor-like.

But history belies these theories. Our position in the health system today is not “natural.” It was a political struggle, second, in that it was part of a class struggle. To know our history is to begin to see how to take up the struggle again. Phylogenetic analyses suggests fairy tales are much older than thought. (Phys.org)—A pair of researchers has conducted a phylogenetic analysis on common fairy tales and has found that many of them appear to be much older than has been thought.

In their paper published in Royal Society Open Science, Sara Graça da Silva, a social scientist/folklorist with New University of Lisbon and Jamshid Tehrani, an anthropologist with Durham University describe the linguistic study they carried out and why they believe at least one fairy tale had its origins in the Bronze Age. Fairy tales are popular the world over, some so much that they have crossed over into multiple societies—Beauty and the Beast for example, has been told in one form or another across the globe.

Modern linguists and anthropologists have set the origin of most such fairy tales to just prior to the time they were written down, which would make them several hundred years old. But this new research suggests they are much older than that, with some going back thousands of years. An Underground City of Giants Discovered in the Grand Canyon? Sunday, February 14, 2016 9:46 pm, Posted by Admin | News Even with advances in modern day archaeology, most of the world’s buried cities still remain a mystery. Amazing discoveries require great efforts and sometimes, an even greater amount of luck.

If we were to trust Early 20th Century Journalism, we would learn that serendipity led to the doorstep of the most famous and fascinating underground city of giants discovered to date. According to an article published in The Arizona Gazette on April 5, 1909, the Grand Canyon was once home to a civilization that most likely consisted of individuals of cyclopean proportions. If such a civilization ever lived, surely it would have left behind some structure as a testament of its existence. The article mentions the discovery of an enormous underground citadel by an explorer named G.E. The entrance to the city was at the end of a tunnel that stretched for almost a mile underground.

Comments comments. Elfdalian, the Ancient Viking Forest Language of Sweden, Set to be Revived. The ancient Viking language of Elfdalian has been almost entirely wiped out, with only 2,500 people in a tiny forest community in Sweden currently keeping it alive. Now people fight to revive the historic tongue by bringing it back to schools before it vanishes completely. The Conversation reports that the ancient dialect of Elfdalian ( älvdalska in Swedish and övdalsk in the language itself) was a vigorous language until well into the 20th century. Sounding to listeners like a beautiful and complex language as spoken by the Elven race in fantasy epics, Elfdalian is actually derived from Old Norse, the language of the Vikings.

However, it is radically different from Swedish, writes University of Copenhagen linguist Dr. He explains that it “sounds like something you would more likely encounter in Tolkien’s Lord of the Rings rather than in a remote Swedish forest.” Elfdalian is unique among Nordic languages, expressing itself with different tones and sounds. Viking patterned woodwork. 7 Common Misunderstandings About Evolution Explained. The theory of evolution has been used to describe the natural world for the past 150 years, however, it is extremely misunderstood. For example, comedian Steve Harvey in an interview with Tyra Banks said if we “evolved from monkeys [...] why do we still got monkeys?” Many scientists have tried to determine why evolution is questioned so often by the general public, even though it has been accepted by most scientists. In contrast to this, there are not many people who question the theory of relativity.

Although there is no clear answer as to why, a few common misconceptions might have something to do with it. 1. It’s just a theory Although scientists call it the “theory of evolution,” this actually means it is a well accepted scientific position. Some people use “theory” in everyday conversation to mean an unproven hypothesis, but this is not what it means in scientific terms. 2. There is a misconception that evolution is not science because it is not observable and can’t be tested. 3. 4.

Ancient Tagalog Deities in Philippine Mythology. The stories of ancient Philippine mythology include deities, creation stories, mythical creatures, and beliefs. Ancient Philippine mythology varies among the many indigenous tribes of the Philippines. Some groups during the pre-Spanish conquest era believed in a single Supreme Being who created the world and everything in it, while others chose to worship a multitude of tree and forest deities (diwatas). Diwatas came from the Sanskrit word devata which means “deity“, one of the several significant Hindu influences in the Pre-Hispanic religion of the ancient Filipinos.

Below are some of the gods and goddesses among the Tagalogs of the ancient Philippines: The Tagalog people are a major ethnic group in the Philippines. The first part as shown below were the residents of Kaluwalhatian (the Ancient Tagalog Skyworld). Bathala – The supreme god of being; creator of man and earth and addressed sometimes as Bathalang Maykapal. Idiyanale – The goddess of labor and good deeds. Source: Wikipedia. The Lost Cycle of Time. EmailShare 1513EmailShare By: Walter Cruttenden Ancient cultures around the world spoke of a vast cycle of time with alternating Dark and Golden Ages; Plato called it the Great Year. Most of us were taught that this cycle was just a myth, a fairytale, if we were taught anything about it all.

But according to Giorgio de Santillana, former professor of the history of science at MIT, many ancient cultures believed consciousness and history were not linear but cyclical, rising and falling over long periods of time. In their landmark work, Hamlet’s Mill, de Santillana and coauthor Hertha von Dechend, show that the myth and folklore of more than thirty ancient cultures speak of a cycle of time with long periods of enlightenment broken by dark ages of ignorance, indirectly driven by a known astronomical phenomena, the precession of the equinox.

This is where it gets interesting. We all know the two celestial motions that have a profound effect on life and consciousness. Precession Observed. Why Have Americans Stopped Resisting Economic Privilege? The following excerpt is from the introduction to Steve Fraser’s new book, The Age of Acquiescence. Marx once described high finance as “the Vatican of capitalism,” its diktat to be obeyed without question. Several decades have come and gone during which we’ve learned not to mention Marx in polite company. Our vocabulary went through a kind of linguistic cleansing, exiling suspect and nasty phrases like “class warfare” or “the reserve army of labor” or even something as apparently innocuous as “working class.” In times past, however, such language and the ideas they conjured up struck our forebears as useful, even sometimes as accurate depictions of reality.

They used them regularly along with words and phrases like “plutocracy,” “robber baron,” and “ruling class” to identify the sources of economic exploitation and inequality that oppressed them, as well as to describe the political disenfranchisement they suffered and the subversion of democracy they experienced. Or so it might seem. Schindler's Witch | VICE Sweden. Photos by the author 20 years after the Rwandan genocide, the country is still coming to terms with what took place during that period of extreme violence. Perpetrators are still being brought to justice, and heroic stories are still emerging. One such story belongs to Zula Karuhimbi, a woman some Rwandans claim saved more than 100 people through “sorcery.” After we learned that she lived in the southern Ruhango District, we drove from Kigali to find her.

On the way, we stopped at a roadside restaurant, where we told the waiter we were searching for the “witch” who had saved lives during the genocide. “The witch who was honoured by the government?” A customer asked. He brought us to Musamo Village, where we abandoned our car and ploughed by foot through waist-high shrubbery.

She looked wizened and frail as she slept, but she jumped to attention when we told her we had come to hear her story. “I hid so many people that I don't know some of their names. Noam Chomsky: The Kind of Anarchism I Believe in, and What's Wrong with Libertarians. May 28, 2013 | Like this article? Join our email list: Stay up to date with the latest headlines via email. The following is the adapted text of an interview that first appeared in Modern Success magazine.So many things have been written about, and discussed by, Professor Chomsky, it was a challenge to think of anything new to ask him: like the grandparent you can’t think of what to get for Christmas because they already have everything.

So I chose to be a bit selfish and ask him what I’ve always wanted to ask him. Michael S. Noam Chomsky: Well, anarchism is, in my view, basically a kind of tendency in human thought which shows up in different forms in different circumstances, and has some leading characteristics. Anarcho-syndicalism is a particular variety of anarchism which was concerned primarily, though not solely, but primarily with control over work, over the work place, over production. Chomsky: Well what’s called libertarian in the United States, which is a special U. Listen to the Oldest Song in the World: A Sumerian Hymn Written 3,400 Years Ago. In the early 1950s, archaeologists unearthed several clay tablets from the 14th century B.C.E..

Found, WFMU tells us, “in the ancient Syrian city of Ugarit,” these tablets “contained cuneiform signs in the hurrian language," which turned out to be the oldest known piece of music ever discovered, a 3,400 year-old cult hymn. Anne Draffkorn Kilmer, professor of Assyriology at the University of California, produced the interpretation above in 1972. (She describes how she arrived at the musical notation—in some technical detail—in this interview.) Since her initial publications in the 60s on the ancient Sumerian tablets and the musical theory found within, other scholars of the ancient world have published their own versions. The piece, writes Richard Fink in a 1988 Archeologia Musicalis article, confirms a theory that “the 7-note diatonic scale as well as harmony existed 3,400 years ago.”

Via WFMU Would you like to support the mission of Open Culture? Related Content: