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A Christmas Carol

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Victorian England Exploration. You will work in your table groups, so groups of 3-4. Each member of the group is responsible for conducting their own research and writing their own article. What will be discussed as a group is a name for the magazine and the assignment of different roles. The roles include: anthropologist, social worker, prison warden, member of women's studies committee, chairperson of education department.

Part I: Everyone Before you become an expert on one of the social issues concerning Pip, we'd better make sure that everyone on your Web Quest team knows the basics. Use the links below to answer the following questions. 1) Why is it called the Victorian Era? 2) Based on Charles Dickens' life, what social issues do you think were important to Charles Dickens? 3) What are the main social classes in Victorian England? Charles Dickens Social History: Overview Victorian Background Victorian Introduction Social Class Race and Class:Overview Ballroom Etiquette Gentleman's Behavior Gentleman Definition. Victorian Workhouses - The Workhouse.

Before 1834, poor people were looked after by buying food and clothing from money collected from land owners and other wealthy people. The Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834, ensured that no able-bodied person could get poor relief unless they went to live in special workhouses. The idea was that the poor were helped to support themselves. They had to work for their food and accommodation. Workhouses were where poor people who had no job or home lived.

They earned their keep by doing jobs in the workhouse. Also in the workhouses were orphaned (children without parents) and abandoned children, the physically and mentally sick, the disabled, the elderly and unmarried mothers. The Workhouse, Southwell, Nottinghamshire Workhouses were often very large and were feared by the poor and old. A workhouse provided: a place to live a place to work and earn money free medical care, food clothes free education for children and training for a job. The staff of a workhouse included: Rules of a workhouse. Christmas Tree Traditions in Britain (A British Christmas) Most houses in Britain, will have a tree of some sort or other which they will decorate and will place the presents under. The traditional Christmas tree is a fir tree but now-a-days more people buy artificial trees to 'save the earth'.

The decorating of the tree is usually a family occasion, with everyone helping. Tinsel, chocolates and fairy lights The Christmas tree became popular in England in 1841 when Queen Victoria's husband, Prince Albert, brought a Christmas tree over from Germany and put it in Windsor Castle. During the Victorian times, Christmas trees were decorated with candles to remind children of the stars in the sky at the time of the birth of Jesus. Christmas trees were also decorated with sweets and cakes hung with ribbon. Today, Christmas trees are decorated with tinsel, lights and small ornaments which hang from the branches.

An angel or star is usually put on the very top of the tree. Long time ago people used to decorate trees outside each winter. Christmas Traditions in England, Scotland and Wales (A British Christmas) 'Jesus is the Reason for the Season', it is HIStory! Christmas is the time when Christians around the world celebrate the birth of Jesus. Christmas in an English home Every year in December we celebrate the birthday of Jesus Christ. That is why we call this time of year 'Christmas' - we celebrate the 'Mass', or church service, for Christ. © copyright of The word Christmas (or Christ's Mass) comes from the Old English name 'Cristes Maesse' - Christ's Mass - and is the celebration of the birth of Jesus. The first recorded observance occurred in Rome in AD360, but it wasn't until AD440 that the Christian Church fixed a celebration date of 25 December. © copyright of Christmas is a truly magical season, bringing families and friends together to share the much loved customs and traditions which have been around for centuries.

What day is the main Christmas celebration in Britain? How do the British prepare for Christmas? Victorian Children for kids. Life in Victorian Britain - the poor. Your quality of life during the Victorian times depended on whether you were rich or poor. Wealthy Victorians enjoyed a good and easy life Poor Victorians had a rough and hard life, often ending up in the workhouse or early death.

Below is a table showing you some of the differences between rich and poor people: What does being poor mean? Being poor means having little money or few possessions. You need money to buy things such as as food and clothes. If you don't have much money you can't buy many things. Why did many children from poor families have to work?

Most children from poor families had to work because their families needed the money. Having a job is important so you can earn money. Find out about life for rich and poor children What happened to the very poor people? Very poor people with no home or job lived in 'workhouses'. Find out about workhouses Find out about factories and houses. A Christmas Carol Unit - Home. Why the Liberals introduced social welfare reforms - Revision 2 - Higher History - BBC Bitesize. Poverty in Britain at the end of 19th century At the start of the 20th century, there were no old age pensions, unemployment benefits, health insurance or help for children. If the main wage-earner in a family died or could not work, a whole family could be plunged into terrible poverty.

Poverty was caused by many factors in the 1800s: unemployment – families were not supportedlarge families – many children had to be catered for from one wagedeath of main ‘bread-winner’ – no-one to bring in moneydisability/injury at work – loss of earnings through inability to workIllness – those off work due to illness did not receive sick pay and had the added costs of medical consultation and treatmentold age – those too old to work received no incomeno national social security system - no protection for individuals against the worst effects of sickness and unemployment Help for the poor in the 1800s Dinner time at the workhouse The Poor Law of 1834 provided two types of help.

Indoor relief Outdoor relief. A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens - English Works. The origins of A Christmas Carol. Professor John Sutherland considers how Dickens’s A Christmas Carol engages with Victorian attitudes towards poverty, labour and the Christmas spirit. Prince Albert – the newly installed husband of Queen Victoria – is popularly associated with institutionalising the British family Christmas, an institution which is still with us. It was Albert, for example, who brought from his native Germany the tannenbaum, or Christmas Tree. 1841 is the normally given as the date for this happy importation.

The Christmas tree replaced the traditional British ‘yule log’ – wood designed to give winter warmth, not something to deck with pretty lights, fairies, favours and (round its base) presents. Both the tannenbaum and the Yule log (along with mistletoe) were incorporated into Christian festivity from pre-Christian pagan rituals associated with the seasonal turn of the year – the rebirth of the land and the green gods. First edition of A Christmas Carol View images from this item (11) Ghosts in A Christmas Carol. The ghosts in A Christmas Carol are by turns comic, grotesque and allegorical. Professor John Mullan reflects on their essential role in developing the novel’s meaning and structure.

There had been ghosts in literature before the Victorians, but the ghost story as a distinct and popular genre was the invention of the Victorians. Dickens was hugely influential in establishing the genre’s popularity – not only as a writer but also as an editor: his journals Household Words and All the Year Round specialised in ghost stories, and other contemporary journals followed. Dickens’s close friend and biographer John Forster said that the novelist had ‘a hankering after ghosts’. Not that Dickens exactly believed in ghosts – but he was intrigued by our belief in them. The terrible and the comic First edition of A Christmas Carol John Leech’s illustration of a Scrooge visited by the ghost of his partner, Marley, from the first edition of A Christmas Carol, 1843.

View images from this item (11) The origins of A Christmas Carol. Free A Christmas Carol Worksheets and Literature Unit for Teachers - activities, vocabulary, and quizzes. 6 of the Best Resources for Charles Dickens’ A Christmas Carol in KS3/4 English. If you’ve not already studied A Christmas Carol with your class there’s still time before the end of term. It’s short, and of course seasonal, and between Scrooge, Tiny Tim and the various ghosts there are plenty of talking points and writing activities to be had. And at the very least it’s an excuse to watch The Muppet Christmas Carol in the next week. Yaaaaaaaaayyyyyyy! 1. A Christmas Carol teaching guide This self-contained guide to Charles Dickens’ festive tale supports work in Key Stages 3 and 4.

It’s absolutely massive, and contains background information on the text, ideas for writing exercises, studies of the characters and their settings and much more. It’s the perfect place to start. You’ll find it here. 2. For some excellent background material on the book, and how Dickens showcased Victorian attitudes towards poverty and work, head to the British Library. Find the video and everything else here. 4. Click here to check it out. 6. Download it here.

Thank you! Teaching 'A Christmas Carol' Illustrated by Ronald Searle, in Life Magazine, 1960. Reading a classic novella like ‘A Christmas Carol’ is tricky for our teenage students. Yes, they have likely heard of Scrooge and seen a film adaptation or three, but when faced with the actual text and the world of the story, with its antiquated social context and complex vocabulary, it proves a difficult challenge. After last teaching ‘A Christmas Carol’ seven years ago, I have the good luck to return to it this year. As I re-read the famous ghost story parable, text marking it ready for teaching, my young daughter commented how the words made the story nearly inscrutable to her (“I don’t understand – it’s really hard” were her precise words). It is easy to recognise many of the more challenging terms in the novella, but when you take time to mark the text to find the difficult language you recognise the linguistic barriers students face. (The original hand written opening page of ‘A Christmas Carol’) Related.