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Wilhelm Backhaus, 1907 Wilhelm Backhaus ('Bachaus' on some record labels) (March 26, 1884 – July 5, 1969) [ 1 ] was a German pianist and pedagogue . He was particularly well known for his interpretations of Beethoven and romantic music such as that by Brahms. He was also much admired as a chamber musician . He was an enthusiastic user of Bechstein pianos. [ 2 ]
Vladimir Vladimirovich Sofronitsky (or Sofronitzky , Russian : Владимир Владимирович Софроницкий, Vladimir Sofronitskij ; May 8 [ O.S. April 25] 1901 – August 26, 1961) was a Soviet - Russian classical pianist , best known as an interpreter of the Russian composer Alexander Scriabin , whose daughter he married. [ edit ] Biography Vladimir Sofronitsky was born to a physics teacher father and a mother from an artistic family.
Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli ( Italian pronunciation: [arˈtuːro beneˈdɛtti mikeˈlandʒeli] ) (5 January 1920 – 12 June 1995) was an Italian classical pianist . He is widely considered one of the greatest pianists of the twentieth century. [ edit ] Biography Born in Brescia , Italy , he began music lessons at the age of three, initially with the violin , but quickly switched to the piano . At ten he entered the Milan Conservatory .
Walter Wilhelm Gieseking (5 November 1895 – 26 October 1956) was a French-born German pianist and composer . [ edit ] Career Born in Lyon , France, the son of a German doctor and lepidopterist , Gieseking first started playing the piano at the age of four, but without formal instruction. His family travelled frequently and he was privately schooled. From 1911 to early 1916, he studied at the Hanover Conservatory. There his mentor was the director Karl Leimer , with whom he later co-authored a piano method.
Alfred Denis Cortot (26 September 1877 – 15 June 1962) was a Franco-Swiss pianist and conductor. He is one of the most renowned 20th-century classical musicians, especially valued for his poetic insight in Romantic period piano works, particularly those of Chopin and Schumann . [ edit ] Early life and education Born in Nyon , Vaud , in the French-speaking part of Switzerland, to a French father and a Swiss mother, Cortot studied at the Paris Conservatoire with Émile Descombes (an associate and possibly a student of Frédéric Chopin ), and with Louis Diémer , taking a premier prix in 1896. He made his debut at the Concerts Colonne in 1897, playing Beethoven 's Piano Concerto No. 3 .
The French organ school formed in the first half of the 17th century. It progressed from the strict polyphonic music of Jean Titelouze (ca 1563–1633) to a unique, richly ornamented style with its own characteristic forms that made full use of the French classical organ . Instrumental in establishing this style were Louis Couperin (ca 1626–1661), who experimented with structure, registration and melodic lines, expanding the traditional polyphonic forms, and Guillaume-Gabriel Nivers (1632–1714), who established the distinct forms and styles of what was to become the French organ tradition. [ edit ] Characteristic forms and nomenclature French organ composers cultivated four major genres: masses, hymns, suites and noëls.
Arthur Rubinstein , KBE (January 28, 1887 – December 20, 1982) was a Polish-American classical pianist who received international acclaim for his performances of the music written by a variety of composers; many regard him as the greatest Chopin interpreter of his time. [ 1 ] [ 2 ] He is widely considered one of the greatest pianists of the twentieth century. [ 1 ] He played in public for eight decades. [ 3 ] [ edit ] Early life Rubinstein grew-up on Piotrkowska street, Łódź, Poland
Wilhelm Walter Friedrich Kempff (25 November 1895 – 23 May 1991) was a German pianist and composer . Although his repertory included Bach , Liszt , Chopin , Schumann , and Brahms , Kempff was particularly well known for his interpretations of the music of Ludwig van Beethoven and Franz Schubert , both of whose complete sonatas he also recorded. [ 1 ] He is considered to have been one of the chief exponents of the Germanic tradition during the 20th century. [ 2 ] [ edit ] Early life Kempff was born in Jüterbog , Brandenburg , in 1895. [ 1 ] He grew up in nearby Potsdam where his father was a royal music director and organist at St.
Daniel Barenboim , KBE ( Hebrew : דניאל ברנבוים) (born 15 November 1942) is an Israeli Argentine -born pianist and conductor . He has served as music director of several major symphonic and operatic orchestras and made numerous recordings. Currently, he is general music director of La Scala in Milan , [ 1 ] the Berlin State Opera , and the Staatskapelle Berlin ; he previously served as Music Director of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra and the Orchestre de Paris . Barenboim is also known for his work with the West-Eastern Divan Orchestra , a Seville -based orchestra of young Arab and Israeli musicians, and as a resolute critic of the Israeli occupation of Palestinian territories .
Vladimir Horowitz Vladimir Samoylovich Horowitz ( Russian : Владимир Самойлович Горовиц, Vladimir Samojlovich Gorovitz ; October 1 [ O.S. September 18] 1903 – November 5, 1989) [ 1 ] was an American classical pianist and composer. [ 2 ] His technique and use of tone color and the excitement of his playing were legendary. [ 3 ] He is widely considered one of the greatest pianists of the twentieth century. [ 4 ]
Artur Schnabel, about 1906 Artur Schnabel (April 17, 1882 – August 15, 1951) was an Austrian classical pianist , who also composed and taught. Schnabel was known for his intellectual seriousness as a musician, avoiding pure technical bravura. Among the 20th century's most respected and most important pianists, his playing displayed a vitality, profundity and spirituality in the Austro-German classics, particularly the works of Beethoven and Schubert . His performances of these compositions have often been hailed as models of interpretative penetration, and his best-known recordings are those of the Beethoven piano sonatas.
Claudio Arrau León (February 6, 1903 – June 9, 1991) was a Chilean pianist known for his interpretations of a vast repertoire spanning from the baroque to 20th-century composers, especially Beethoven , Schubert , Chopin , Schumann , Liszt and Brahms . He is widely considered one of the greatest pianists of the twentieth century. [ edit ] Life
Great Pianists of the 20th Century – Martha Argerich II is the third volume of the Great Pianists of the 20th Century box set and is the second of two volumes dedicated to her. The album features music by the composers Frédéric Chopin , Franz Liszt , and Robert Schumann . [ edit ] Featured works [ edit ] Frédéric Chopin Prelude in C sharp minor, Op. 45 Polonaise in A flat, Op. 61 'Polonaise Fantasie' 3 Mazurkas, Op. 59 Scherzo No. 3 in C sharp minor, Op. 39 24 Preludes, Op. 28 Scherzo No. 2 in B flat minor, Op. 31 Polonaise in A flat, Op. 53 'Heroic' Piano Sonata No. 3 in B minor, Op. 58 [ edit ] Robert Schumann
Alfred Brendel, 2010