background preloader

Routes du Nord

Facebook Twitter

Arctic environment. Race to sail Northwest Passage heats up. Cruise ship Crystal Serenity's planned 2016 voyage through the Northwest Passage is a sign of ever-increasing appetite for Arctic travel.

Race to sail Northwest Passage heats up

Years of planning have gone into this Northwest Passage trip. "To do this with a ship like ours, we couldn't just do this like a normal cruise," says Thomas Mazloum of Crystal Cruises. "It really is an expedition. " The boat will start in Anchorage, Alaska and end up in New York. Wildlife is a big attraction for visitors. Shell Didn't Quit Alaska Out of the Goodness of Its Heart. In the history of Arctic expeditions, tenacity in the face of certain failure is a common theme.

Shell Didn't Quit Alaska Out of the Goodness of Its Heart

Almost as common is actual failure. What you don’t see a lot are epic explorers—your Hensons, your Parrys, your Amundsens—packing up and going home. Petroleum exploration in the Arctic. La course aux ressources et aux territoires en Arctique. No More Arctic Drilling Attempts For Shell.

The Arctic drilling season has come to an end, and with it, Shell’s hopes of striking oil in the Chukchi Sea.

No More Arctic Drilling Attempts For Shell

Royal Dutch Shell announced Monday it would stop oil exploration in the environmentally sensitive region, 140 miles off Alaska, for the “foreseeable future.” The company received permits from the Obama Administration this year to conduct exploratory drilling, despite massive protests from environmentalists. The exploration has been unsuccessful, the company said.

“Shell continues to see important exploration potential in the basin, and the area is likely to ultimately be of strategic importance to Alaska and the US,” Marvin Odum, director of Shell Upstream Americas, said in a statement. “However, this is a clearly disappointing exploration outcome for this part of the basin.” Disappointing, and expensive. Environmental groups cheered Monday’s announcement. Atlas of the Cryosphere: OGC Services (WMS, WFS, WCS) Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Services Interoperable and customizable data access to Atlas of the Cryosphere maps and source data are enabled via the following OGC specifications: Using these services, maps and source data can be accessed remotely for your spatial region and layers of interest either directly through a URL string (more on this below) or through the various OGC-compatible clients available for accessing these services, such as Gaia 3, MapServer, ArcGIS 9 Service Pack 2, ENVI Zoom 4.3.1, Google Earth 4, NASA World Wind, Quantum GIS (QGIS), GRASS, and uDig, to name just a few.

Atlas of the Cryosphere: OGC Services (WMS, WFS, WCS)

Table of Contents: GetCapabilities Request Remote access through an OGC-compatible client is normally obtained via an OGC GetCapabilities request as in the following examples for the Northern and Southern Hemispheres of the Atlas, where the service parameter can be either WMS, WFS, or WCS. MASIE Home Page. Where is Arctic sea ice NOW?

MASIE Home Page

To give you the best available Arctic-wide answer to the above question, the MASIE (may-zee) product is produced in cooperation with the U.S. National Ice Center. MASIE lets you view and download: Maps - Arctic Council. A large number of Arctic Council research and assessment projects result in production of maps of the Arctic.

Maps - Arctic Council

Among others, these show administrative division and where the indigenous peoples live, their languages, maps of the ocean and many, more specific maps. These can be accessed among others from the AMAP and CAFF websites. ARCTIS Database (Arctic Resources and Transportation Information System) Northern Sea Route Information Office. Marine transportation on the Northern Sea Route is regulated by the legislation based on the principles of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, 1982, in particular article 234 “Ice-covered Areas”.

Northern Sea Route Information Office

This article authorizes the coastal states within the exclusive economic zone to adopt and enforce the non-discriminatory laws and regulations for prevention and monitoring of marine pollution from vessels in the areas covered with ice for most of the year. In summer 2012 Russian Federation adopted New Federal Low on Amendments to specific legislative acts of the Russian Federation related to Governmental regulation of merchant shipping in the water area of the Nothern Sea Route. Natural Resources and Sustainable Development. As Arctic waters open up in the summer and glaciers recede, there will likely be more exploration of unexploited petroleum, gas and mining in the region and more cargo transiting northern waterways.

Natural Resources and Sustainable Development

The Northern Sea Route along the Russian coast is now partly open. Analysts predict trade between Europe and Japan, China and South Korea will expand by using these shorter routes. La Chine à la conquête des ressources minières du Canada et de l’Arctique canadien ? Géographie de l’approvisionnement chinois dans le secteur du fer et de l’acier. 1Poussée par une croissance économique rapide ces trente dernières années avec des taux frisant les 8 % par an, la demande chinoise en minerai de fer a considérablement augmenté au cours de cette période.

La Chine à la conquête des ressources minières du Canada et de l’Arctique canadien ? Géographie de l’approvisionnement chinois dans le secteur du fer et de l’acier

En dépit de l’importance des réserves que recèle son sous-sol et de sa capacité d’extraction, les volumes de minerai de fer produit par la Chine apparaissent insuffisants pour satisfaire l’importante demande nationale, laquelle est intimement liée au développement économique rapide du pays. Arctic Deeply, Focused Coverage of the High North. NSIDC Scientific Data Search. … et l'Arctique deviendra un océan. Tous les regards se tournent vers la région arctique Les rapports successifs publiés par le groupe d’experts intergouvernemental sur l’évolution du climat (GIEC) depuis 2001 semblent montrer que le réchauffement climatique est en partie dû aux activités humaines (dites « anthropiques »).

… et l'Arctique deviendra un océan

La conséquence la plus spectaculaire de ce réchauffement est la fonte rapide de la calotte glaciaire de l’océan Arctique, avec des implications majeures et de dimension planétaire. La publication le 27 septembre 2014 par le GIEC de son cinquième rapport d’évaluation, a « scientifiquement » confirmé ce message : le doute n’est plus permis sur le fait que la terre se réchauffe, et que les activités humaines en sont la cause. Seule une diminution drastique des émissions de gaz à effet de serre pourrait permettre d’éviter les pires effets du changement climatique. Mais on nourrit peu d’espoirs sur une réelle volonté politique à même d’intervenir sur cette situation jugée « désespérée ». ABDS - Homepage - Arctic Biodiversity Data Service (ABDS) Arctic Maps.