In Japanese, as in Chinese and Korean, numerals cannot quantify nouns by themselves (except, in certain cases, for the numbers from one to ten; see below). For example, to express the idea "two dogs" in Japanese one must say 二匹の犬 ni hiki no inu (literally "dog of small-animal-count-two"). Here 犬 inu means "dog", 二 ni is the number 2, "の" "no" is a possessive particle, and 匹 hiki is the counter for small animals. Japanese counter word
Basic Japanese Language Vocabulary with Audio Files
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Japanese/Vocabulary/Onomatopoeia An onomatopoeia (オノマトペ) is a word or group of words in a language which have their meaning indicated by the sounds they mimic. Examples of English onomatopoeia include "meow", "roar", "buzz", "boom", "snap", "bang", and so on. In general, the Japanese word to refer to this concept is giseigo (擬声語). However, Japanese not only contains words for sound effects, but also what is termed "Japanese sound symbolism" - basically, onomatopoeia describing things that don't actually make sounds. Officially, the former is called giongo (擬音語) and the latter gitaigo (擬態語).
Preface Japanese words have been romanized throughout this writeup. In Japanese, phonoaesthetics are almost always written in hiragana. Among other things, this indicates their Japanese linguistic roots. Japanese
Actionガシャーン(gashan) - Sound of Breaking glass.ゴッ - Sound of a punch.グシャッ (Gushaa) - Smashing glass.ペキ - Sound of a punch.ポキッ - alternative Punch Sound.カッ - heavy footfall soundsズルズル - dragging feetニュニュ - grinning soundジロ (じろ)、ジロージロー, じろじろと、 jiro, jiro-jiro-, jirojiroto, jirojiroto- stare, to glareギローギローgiro giro glare at something up and down in a mean manner. (Like umm hmm.. what socks are you wearing, and what's with that hair?)チラ （ちら）、チラーチラー （ちらちら）- to glance at something.きろきろ- look around (such as in a new city).じーと-to gaze (in a daydream look)よちよち（yochiyochi）-unsteady walk of a toddler.はいはい（haihai） [suru] human baby crawls.ふらふら (furafura) 1. unsteady state/shaky state walking (fatigue, sickness, drunk, etc) 2. wander, linger loiter. Japanese Onomatopeia by *KinnoHitsuji on deviantART