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Il y eut Mme la Ministre, qui paya au prix fort ses congés payés au pays de Ben Ali. Il y eut M. l’Ambassadeur de France en Tunisie qui, à peine arrivé, parla si mal aux journalistes qu’il dut s’excuser prestement. Il y eut des erreurs d’appréciation, des amitiés malvenues tandis que le cours de l’Histoire emportait tout sur son passage.
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With one sentence, the New York Times raised dozens of Middle East pundits' hopes that their words were reaching the most powerful man in the world. "At night in the family residence...Mr. Obama often surfs the blogs of experts on Arab affairs or regional news sites to get a local flavor for events," read Mark Landler's account of how the Obama administration will attempt to use the killing of Osama bin Laden to recast the U.S. relationship with the Arab world. Well, Mr.
Par-delà les frontières, les peuples en révolte s'encouragent et se prennent en exemple. © Hasan Jamali/AP/Sipa Les révolutions en cours offrent aux Arabes une occasion historique de surmonter leurs différends pour enfin se regrouper dans une union politique.
Ce pays est l'un des plus riches en pétrole au monde. Malgré les énormes rentes de l'or vert, il regorge de bidonvilles sans eau ni électricité. L'envoyée spéciale du Quotidien de Tunis a parcouru ces ghettos.
The Arab uprisings seemed tailor-made for the "new Turkey" to exert its much-vaunted influence in the Middle East. Since the Justice and Development Party (AKP) came to power almost nine years ago, Ankara has actively courted the region, cultivating warm relations with certain Arab countries, winning plaudits from Rabat to Ramadi for its principled stand on Gaza, and using its prestige to solve problems in Lebanon, Iraq, and Syria. A central focus of Turkey's so-called "zero problems" foreign policy has been a concerted effort to improve and expand relations with the countries to its south and east. Now, with millions of Arabs standing up and demanding their freedom, Turks are not the only ones to have held up the "Turkish model" -- the democratic development of a predominantly Muslim society in an officially secular political system -- as a possible way forward for the rest of the Middle East.
Par Gilles Kepel, politologue et spécialiste de l'islam, professeur à Sciences Po et membre de l'Institut universitaire de France
Why is surprise the permanent condition of the U.S. political and economic elite? In 2007-8, when the global ﬁnancial system imploded, the cry that no one could have seen this coming was heard everywhere, despite the existence of numerous analyses showing that a crisis was unavoidable.
For decades, U.S. policy toward the Middle East has been paralyzed by "the Islamist dilemma" -- how can the United States promote democracy in the region without risking bringing Islamists to power?
The wave of revolutions sweeping the Middle East bears a striking resemblance to previous political earthquakes. As in Europe in 1848, rising food prices and high unemployment have fueled popular protests from Morocco to Oman. As in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union in 1989, frustration with closed, corrupt, and unresponsive political systems has led to defections among elites and the fall of once powerful regimes in Tunisia, Egypt, and perhaps Libya.
In Tunisia, protesters escalated calls for the restoration of the country's suspended constitution.