Proxy server. Communication between two computers (shown in grey) connected through a third computer (shown in red) acting as a proxy.
Note that Bob doesn't know whom the information is going to, which is why proxies can be used to protect privacy. Types of proxy A proxy server may reside on the user's local computer, or at various points between the user's computer and destination servers on the Internet. Forward proxies A forward proxy taking requests from an internal network and forwarding them to the Internet. Forward proxies are proxies in which the client server names the target server to connect to. Forward proxies are able to retrieve from a wide range of sources (in most cases anywhere on the Internet).
The terms "forward proxy" and "forwarding proxy" are a general description of behavior (forwarding traffic) and thus ambiguous. Open proxies An open proxy forwarding requests from and to anywhere on the Internet. Government Internet Surveillance Starts With Eyes Built in the West. What has long been an EFF issue is once again making headlines.
In recent days, the world is seeing damning reports of authoritarian regimes spying on their citizens using American- and European-made surveillance technologies, with new evidence emerging from Bahrain, Libya, Syria, and Thailand. Last week, Bloomberg reported on Bahrain’s use of Nokia-Siemens surveillance software to intercept messages and gather information on human rights activists, resulting in their arrest and torture. A Wall Street Journal article published this week alleges the use of products in Libya created by the French company Amesys and the South African firm VASTech SA Pty Ltd. In the past, EFF has documented the sale of surveillance equipment by several companies, including Cisco and Nortel, to China. Two ongoing cases allege that surveillance technology sold to China by Cisco enabled human rights violations. Mrs. Kroes: Will You Let Them Control the Net?
Today, European Commissioner for the Digital Agenda, Neelie Kroes, met1 with the CEOs of corporations acting towards more control over internet communications, to discuss the future of Internet policy.
After misleadingly pretending there is no problem with operators restricting Net neutrality, and her choice not to protect freedom of information online… will Mrs. Kroes let dominant actors alter Internet's architecture? During her confirmation hearing2 before the European Parliament, Commissioner Kroes made unequivocal statements against commercially motivated anti-Net-neutrality practices. One can wonder today if these words were just political rhetoric.
In spite of her liberal stance, Commissioner Kroes now seems willing to let big companies control the network and its architecture to complete short-term economic goals at the expense of competition, innovation and freedoms online. Information Privacy. Identity Theft Resource Center. Global Network Initiative human rights. Portable Edition. Your browser, your way... in your pocket™ Mozilla Firefox®, Portable Edition is the popular Mozilla Firefox web browser bundled with a PortableApps.com Launcher as a portable app, so you can take your bookmarks, extensions and saved passwords with you. - Support PortableApps.com's development and hosting Mozilla Firefox, Portable Edition works best with the PortableApps.com Platform Also Available: Mozilla Firefox ESR, Portable Edition 24.x and Mozilla Firefox, Portable Edition Beta Features Mozilla Firefox is a fast, full-featured web browser that's easy to use.
Support For help getting Firefox Portable up and running, visit Firefox Portable Support: There's also a list of Frequently Asked Questions and a Support Forum. Download Details Publisher: PortableApps.com (John T. Legacy Versions Older versions of Firefox Portable are available for use in testing website compatibility and other situations. Acknowledgements. OpenPGP encrypt standard. The GNU Privacy Guard - GnuPG.org. Using the GNU Privacy Guard. GNU Privacy Guard. GNU Privacy Guard (GnuPG or GPG) is a GPL Licensed alternative to the PGP suite of cryptographic software.
GnuPG is compliant with RFC 4880, which is the current IETF standards track specification of OpenPGP. Current versions of PGP (and Veridis' Filecrypt) are interoperable with GnuPG and other OpenPGP-compliant systems. GnuPG is a part of the Free Software Foundation's GNU software project, and has received major funding from the German government. §History GnuPG is a system compliant to the OpenPGP standard, thus the history of OpenPGP is of importance; it was designed to interoperate with PGP, the email encryption program initially designed and developed by Phil Zimmermann. On February 7, 2014, a GnuPG crowdfunding effort closed, raising 36,732 euros for a new web site and infrastructure improvements. §Branches As of November 2014[update], there are three branches of GnuPG: "Modern" (2.1) and "stable" (2.0) can not be installed at the same time.