Eric De Muynck
Bienvenue à la Charte des Ressources Naturelles. Resource curse. The resource curse, also known as the paradox of plenty, refers to the paradox that countries and regions with an abundance of natural resources, specifically point-source non-renewable resources like minerals and fuels, tend to have less economic growth and worse development outcomes than countries with fewer natural resources.
This is hypothesized to happen for many different reasons, including a decline in the competitiveness of other economic sectors (caused by appreciation of the real exchange rate as resource revenues enter an economy, a phenomenon known as Dutch disease), volatility of revenues from the natural resource sector due to exposure to global commodity market swings, government mismanagement of resources, or weak, ineffectual, unstable or corrupt institutions (possibly due to the easily diverted actual or anticipated revenue stream from extractive activities).
Resource curse thesis YouTube - Paul Collier: The Bottom Billion and the Resource Trap. Equatorial Guinea's durable president: Oil makes friends of us a. Kuwait Of Africa? - 60 Minutes. With gas prices hitting record levels this summer, and violence in the Middle East unabated, America has been scouring the globe searching for new sources of oil.
And one could be Equatorial Guinea, a tiny nation that's been dubbed the Kuwait of Africa because it has so few people and so much oil. It used to be called the armpit of Africa because it was so desperately poor. But since the discovery of oil 10 years ago, that has started to change. In fact, as Correspondent Bob Simon reported last fall, African countries like Equatorial Guinea will provide as much as 25 percent of America's oil in the next decade. Dutch disease. In economics, the Dutch disease is the apparent relationship between the increase in exploitation of natural resources and a decline in the manufacturing sector (or agriculture).
The mechanism is that an increase in revenues from natural resources (or inflows of foreign aid) will make a given nation's currency stronger compared to that of other nations (manifest in an exchange rate), resulting in the nation's other exports becoming more expensive for other countries to buy, making the manufacturing sector less competitive. While it most often refers to natural resource discovery, it can also refer to "any development that results in a large inflow of foreign currency, including a sharp surge in natural resource prices, foreign assistance, and foreign direct investment". The term was coined in 1977 by The Economist to describe the decline of the manufacturing sector in the Netherlands after the discovery of a large natural gas field in 1959. Model
Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative. Chatham House - Publications - Reports and Papers - View Paper. Chatham House Report Xenia Dormandy with Rory Kinane, April 2014 Programme Paper Jade Saunders, April 2014 Alison Hoare, April 2014 Briefing Paper.
IDS Bookshop - Item details. Bikjysp340.mp3 (Objet audio/mpeg) Natural Resources and Population Podcast by Nathan F. Sayre.