Chronicle - A Prehistory of the Millennium Development Goals: Four Decades of Struggle for Development in the United NationsWhen the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Millennium Declaration in 2000, the goals and targets it set in the section on development ultimately became known as the Millennium Development Goals. However, the MDGs were not part of a new agenda, but an attempt to refocus years of debate, efforts and struggle to advance the economic and social development of the world’s poorest nations. Reducing poverty and hunger, achieving universal primary education and promoting gender equality have always been at the forefront of the United Nations development agenda. The Assembly had over the years considered these and other related development issues individually or in combination, and had launched several campaigns to address them.
Progress on the MDGs
Consultations for a Post-2015 Development Agenda The UN Secretary-General (UN SG) Report on accelerating progress toward the MDGs and the issues for advancing the UN development agenda beyond 2015 ( A/66/126 ) stated that “ [t]he post-2015 development framework is likely to have the best development impact if it emerges from an inclusive, open and transparent process with multiple stakeholder participation. ” The UN system is uniquely positioned to foster this inclusive multi-stakeholder process and advocate for an agenda informed by national and local priorities. UN agencies, funds and programmes can promote inclusive consultation process by identifying key groups, convening stakeholders, and informing the debate with relevant knowledge on development challenges, opportunities and solutions.