MENA (the Middle-East & North Africa)

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Islamic State (ISIS)

MENA: basic reading... Middle East Resources. The Arab Uprisings. Interactive: Winds of change. Twitter network of Arab protests - interactive map.

GCC. This Is Not a Revolution by Hussein Agha and Robert Malley. All lies and jest Still, a man hears what he wants to hear And disregards the rest—Paul Simon Darkness descends upon the Arab world. Waste, death, and destruction attend a fight for a better life. Outsiders compete for influence and settle accounts. The peaceful demonstrations with which this began, the lofty values that inspired them, become distant memories. Middle East / North Africa. The # MENA Daily. A Middle East without borders? The modern geography of the Middle East was carved out by British and French colonialists whose sole interest was in sharing the spoils of war between themselves and in maintaining their supremacy over the region in the early part of the 20th century.

A Middle East without borders?

The contours of the region, with its immaculately straight lines (see maps of Algeria, Libya, Egypt and Sudan) are much the same today as when they were first drawn up, despite decades of cross-border encroachment and conflict. Never has an imported concept been so jealously guarded by ruling families and political elites in the Middle East as that of the nation state, together with the holy grail of international relations theory, state sovereignty. The artificialness of the borders in question is not in doubt.

Underground and in the Closet - By David Kenner. Enough with Amina, already.

Underground and in the Closet - By David Kenner

The sock-puppet blogger "Gay Girl in Damascus," who turned out to be a straight guy in Scotland has captured the world's attention -- but the real gay communities in the Middle East face legal and societal discrimination every day. In most Middle Eastern countries, homosexuality is a criminal offense, though laws are enforced to varying degrees. And the Arab Spring, which many gay-rights organizations hoped would bring greater acceptance, has proved to be an ambivalent blessing. The real gay men and women in Damascus -- and Dubai, Cairo, and Amman -- are facing more serious problems than confused Internet identities. The law: The Constitution of the United Arab Emirates, which Dubai is a part of, criminalizes homosexuality, in part because it's a violation of sharia law.

Jordan

Syria. Lebanon. Israel & Palestine. Yemen. Iraq. Egypt. Libya. Morocco. Tunisia. Algeria.