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United Nations Economic and Social Council. ECOSOC Resolution 2007/25: Support to Non-Self-Governing Territories by the specialized agencies and international institutions associated with the United Nations (26 July 2007) The United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) (French: Le Conseil économique et social des Nations unies; CÉSNU) constitutes one of the principal organs of the United Nations.

United Nations Economic and Social Council

It is responsible for coordinating the economic, social and related work of 14 UN specialized agencies, their functional commissions and five regional commissions. ECOSOC has 54 members; it holds one four-week session each year in July. United Nations Conference on the Human Environment. When the UN General Assembly decided to convene the 1972 Stockholm Conference, at the initiative of the Government of Sweden, UN Secretary-General U Thant invited Maurice Strong to lead it as Secretary-General of the Conference.[1] The conference was opened and addressed by the Swedish Prime Minister Olof Palme and secretary-general Kurt Waldheim to discuss the state of the global environment.

United Nations Conference on the Human Environment

Attended by the representatives of 113 countries, 19 inter-governmental agencies, and more than 400 inter-governmental and non-governmental organizations, it is widely recognized as the beginning of modern political and public awareness of global environmental problems.[2] WMO - World Meteorological Organization. United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) - Home page. IPCC - Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cooperation & Support. Many countries are vulnerable to the negative effects of climate change in large part because they lack the domestic resources to support projects and innovations that would, for example, help stave off agricultural disasters or ease the transition to a clean energy economy.

Cooperation & Support

Financial, technical, and other support to countries whose economies are developing or in transition is crucial to helping them address the adaptation and mitigation issues acknowledged in the Convention. The magnitude of need requires close cooperation between developing and developed countries, as stated in the Commitments section of the Convention (Article 4). Information can be found below about various forms of support, including the Global Environment Facility, which serves as the Convention's financial mechanism, or primary funding source. Parties & Observers. Parties The Convention divides countries into three main groups according to differing commitments: Annex I Parties include the industrialized countries that were members of the OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) in 1992, plus countries with economies in transition (the EIT Parties), including the Russian Federation, the Baltic States, and several Central and Eastern European States.

Parties & Observers

Annex II Parties consist of the OECD members of Annex I, but not the EIT Parties. They are required to provide financial resources to enable developing countries to undertake emissions reduction activities under the Convention and to help them adapt to adverse effects of climate change. In addition, they have to "take all practicable steps" to promote the development and transfer of environmentally friendly technologies to EIT Parties and developing countries. Admitted NGO. Admitted NGO NOTE: It is the responsibility of the Designated Contact Point to notify the secretariat when changes are made to the information below. Please complete the contact details form and forward to cool@unfccc.int . A SEED Europe Amsterdam Netherlands. CAN EUROPE. Admitted IGO.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is a scientific intergovernmental body under the auspices of the United Nations,[1][2] set up at the request of member governments.[3] It was first established in 1988 by two United Nations organizations, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), and later endorsed by the United Nations General Assembly through Resolution 43/53.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

Membership of the IPCC is open to all members of the WMO and UNEP.[4] The IPCC is chaired by Rajendra K. Pachauri. IPCC - Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. First IPCC Report.pdf. Sea Level. This marker indicating the sea level is placed on the path from Jerusalem to the Dead Sea.

Sea Level

Measurement[edit] Sea level measurements from 23 long tide gauge records in geologically stable environments show a rise of around 200 millimetres (7.9 in) during the 20th century (2 mm/year). To an operator of a tide gauge, MSL means the "still water level"—the level of the sea with motions such as wind waves averaged out—averaged over a period of time such that changes in sea level, e.g., due to the tides, also get averaged out. SOTC: Sea Ice. Sea ice is frozen seawater that floats on the ocean surface.

SOTC: Sea Ice

Blanketing millions of square kilometers, sea ice forms and melts with the polar seasons, affecting both human activity and biological habitat. In the Arctic, some sea ice persists year after year, whereas almost all Southern Ocean or Antarctic sea ice is "seasonal ice," meaning it melts away and reforms annually. Current sea level rise.

Trends in global average absolute sea level, 1870–2008.[1] Changes in sea level since the end of the last glacial episode.

Current sea level rise

Current sea level rise is about 3 mm/year worldwide. According to the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), "this is a significantly larger rate than the sea-level rise averaged over the last several thousand years", and the rate may be increasing.[2] This rise in sea levels around the world potentially affects human populations in coastal and island regions[3] and natural environments like marine ecosystems.[4] Food. Deforestation. Deforestation, clearance or clearing is the removal of a forest or stand of trees where the land is thereafter converted to a non-forest use.[1] Examples of deforestation include conversion of forestland to farms, ranches, or urban use.


The term deforestation is often misused to describe any activity where all trees in an area are removed. [not in citation given][neutrality is disputed] However in temperate climates, the removal of all trees in an area[not in citation given]—in conformance with sustainable forestry practices—is correctly described as regeneration harvest.[2] In temperate mesic climates, natural regeneration of forest stands often will not occur in the absence of disturbance, whether natural or anthropogenic.[3] Furthermore, biodiversity after regeneration harvest often mimics that found after natural disturbance, including biodiversity loss after naturally occurring rainforest destruction.[4][5] Climate Change. Climate change is a change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns when that change lasts for an extended period of time (i.e., decades to millions of years).

Climate Change

Climate change may refer to a change in average weather conditions, or in the time variation of weather around longer-term average conditions (i.e., more or fewer extreme weather events). Climate change is caused by factors such as biotic processes, variations in solar radiation received by Earth, plate tectonics, and volcanic eruptions. Certain human activities have also been identified as significant causes of recent climate change, often referred to as "global warming".[1] Guide to the Climate Change Convention Process.pdf.

UNFCCC Webcast - UN Climate Change Conference June 2011. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Convention Bodies. Conference of the Parties The Conference of the Parties (COP) is the "supreme body" of the Convention, that is, its highest decision-making authority. It is an association of all the countries that are Parties to the Convention. The COP is responsible for keeping international efforts to address climate change on track. Status of Ratification. Notifications made under article 4 (2) (g) (8) Participant and date of receipt of the notification: Czech Republic..................................27 Nov 1995 Kazakhstan ........................................23 Mar 2000 Monaco................................................20 Nov 1992 Slovakia ..............................................23 Feb 1996 Slovenia .............................................. 9 Jun 1998 (1) For the purpose of entry into force of the [Convention/Protocol], any instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession deposited by a regional economic integration organization shall not be counted as additional to those deposited by member States of that Organization. (2) By a communication received on 8 April 2003, the Government of the Government of the People’s Republic of China notified the Secretary-General of the following:

List of Annex I Parties to the Convention. Kyoto Protocol. List of Non-Annex I Parties to the Convention.