The United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) (French: Le Conseil économique et social des Nations unies; CÉSNU) constitutes one of the principal organs of the United Nations. It is responsible for coordinating the economic, social and related work of 14 UN specialized agencies, their functional commissions and five regional commissions. ECOSOC has 54 members; it holds one four-week session each year in July. Since 1998, it has also held a meeting each April with finance ministers heading key committees of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). United Nations Economic and Social Council
When the UN General Assembly decided to convene the Stockholm Conference, at the initiative of the Government of Sweden, UN Secretary-General U Thant invited Maurice Strong to lead it as Secretary-General of the Conference. The conference was opened and addressed by the Swedish Prime Minister Olof Palme and secretary-general Kurt Waldheim to discuss the state of the global environment. Attended by the representatives of 113 countries, 19 inter-governmental agencies, and more than 400 inter-governmental and non-governmental organizations, it is widely recognized as the beginning of modern political and public awareness of global environmental problems. United Nations Conference on the Human Environment
Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis The Summary for Policymakers of the Working Group I contribution to the Fifth Assessment Report was approved, and the full report accepted, by the IPCC on 27 September 2013. The finalized version of the Summary for Policymakers was published on 11 November 2013 and is available for download below. For more on how the Working Group I report was prepared click here. Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability
Cooperation & Support Many countries are vulnerable to the negative effects of climate change in large part because they lack the domestic resources to support projects and innovations that would, for example, help stave off agricultural disasters or ease the transition to a clean energy economy. Financial, technical, and other support to countries whose economies are developing or in transition is crucial to helping them address the adaptation and mitigation issues acknowledged in the Convention. The magnitude of need requires close cooperation between developing and developed countries, as stated in the Commitments section of the Convention (Article 4). Information can be found below about various forms of support, including the Global Environment Facility, which serves as the Convention's financial mechanism, or primary funding source.
Parties The Convention divides countries into three main groups according to differing commitments: Annex I Parties include the industrialized countries that were members of the OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) in 1992, plus countries with economies in transition (the EIT Parties), including the Russian Federation, the Baltic States, and several Central and Eastern European States. Annex II Parties consist of the OECD members of Annex I, but not the EIT Parties. They are required to provide financial resources to enable developing countries to undertake emissions reduction activities under the Convention and to help them adapt to adverse effects of climate change. In addition, they have to "take all practicable steps" to promote the development and transfer of environmentally friendly technologies to EIT Parties and developing countries. Parties & Observers
Admitted NGO Admitted NGO NOTE: It is the responsibility of the Designated Contact Point to notify the secretariat when changes are made to the information below. Please complete the contact details form and forward to email@example.com . A SEED Europe Amsterdam Netherlands
25 May 2012 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE – [Bonn – 25 May 2012] During these past two weeks at the climate negotiations in Bonn, we witnessed an inadequate response from all Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to address the climate crisis. Somehow lost in the din of over technical discussions in Bonn is the fact that g lobal emissions are still rising rather than falling. CAN Europe calls on the EU to help increase ambition. CAN EUROPE
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is a scientific intergovernmental body, set up at the request of member governments. It was first established in 1988 by two United Nations organizations, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), and later endorsed by the United Nations General Assembly through Resolution 43/53. Its mission is to provide comprehensive scientific assessments of current scientific, technical and socio-economic information worldwide about the risk of climate change caused by human activity, its potential environmental and socio-economic consequences, and possible options for adapting to these consequences or mitigating the effects. It is chaired by Rajendra K. Pachauri.
First IPCC Report.pdf | Crocodoc
This marker indicating the sea level is placed on the path from Jerusalem to the Dead Sea. Measurement Sea level measurements from 23 long tide gauge records in geologically stable environments show a rise of around 200 millimetres (7.9 in) during the 20th century (2 mm/year). To an operator of a tide gauge, MSL means the "still water level"—the level of the sea with motions such as wind waves averaged out—averaged over a period of time such that changes in sea level, e.g., due to the tides, also get averaged out. Sea Level
Sea ice is frozen seawater that floats on the ocean surface. Blanketing millions of square kilometers, sea ice forms and melts with the polar seasons, affecting both human activity and biological habitat. In the Arctic, some sea ice persists year after year, whereas almost all Southern Ocean or Antarctic sea ice is "seasonal ice," meaning it melts away and reforms annually. SOTC: Sea Ice
Trends in global average absolute sea level, 1870–2008. Changes in sea level since the end of the last glacial episode. Current sea-level rise is about 3 mm/year worldwide.
Deforestation, clearance or clearing is the removal of a forest or stand of trees where the land is thereafter converted to a non-forest use. Examples of deforestation include conversion of forestland to farms, ranches, or urban use. More than half of the animal and plant species in the world live in tropical forests. The term deforestation is often misused to describe any activity where all trees in an area are removed. Deforestation
Climate change is a significant and lasting change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns over periods ranging from decades to millions of years. It may be a change in average weather conditions, or in the distribution of weather around the average conditions (i.e., more or fewer extreme weather events). Climate change is caused by factors such as biotic processes, variations in solar radiation received by Earth, plate tectonics, and volcanic eruptions. Certain human activities have also been identified as significant causes of recent climate change, often referred to as "global warming". Climate Change
Guide to the Climate Change Convention Process.pdf | Crocodoc
UNFCCC Webcast - UN Climate Change Conference June 2011
Status of Ratification
List of Annex I Parties to the Convention
List of Non-Annex I Parties to the Convention