United Nations Economic and Social Council. ECOSOC Resolution 2007/25: Support to Non-Self-Governing Territories by the specialized agencies and international institutions associated with the United Nations (26 July 2007) The United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) (French: Le Conseil économique et social des Nations unies; CÉSNU) constitutes one of the principal organs of the United Nations.
It is responsible for coordinating the economic, social and related work of 14 UN specialized agencies, their functional commissions and five regional commissions. ECOSOC has 54 members; it holds one four-week session each year in July. Since 1998, it has also held a meeting each April with finance ministers heading key committees of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Chamber design United Nations Conference on the Human Environment. WMO - World Meteorological Organization.
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) - Home page. IPCC - Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cooperation & Support. Many countries are vulnerable to the negative effects of climate change in large part because they lack the domestic resources to support projects and innovations that would, for example, help stave off agricultural disasters or ease the transition to a clean energy economy.
Financial, technical, and other support to countries whose economies are developing or in transition is crucial to helping them address the adaptation and mitigation issues acknowledged in the Convention. Parties & Observers. Parties The Convention divides countries into three main groups according to differing commitments: Annex I Parties include the industrialized countries that were members of the OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) in 1992, plus countries with economies in transition (the EIT Parties), including the Russian Federation, the Baltic States, and several Central and Eastern European States.
Annex II Parties consist of the OECD members of Annex I, but not the EIT Parties. They are required to provide financial resources to enable developing countries to undertake emissions reduction activities under the Convention and to help them adapt to adverse effects of climate change. Admitted NGO. Admitted NGO NOTE: It is the responsibility of the Designated Contact Point to notify the secretariat when changes are made to the information below. Please complete the contact details form and forward to firstname.lastname@example.org . A SEED Europe Amsterdam Netherlands Constituency - Environmental email@example.com Active Aarhus University Aarhus C Denmark. CAN EUROPE. Admitted IGO. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is a scientific intergovernmental body under the auspices of the United Nations, set up at the request of member governments. It was first established in 1988 by two United Nations organizations, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), and later endorsed by the United Nations General Assembly through Resolution 43/53.
Membership of the IPCC is open to all members of the WMO and UNEP. The IPCC is chaired by Rajendra K. Pachauri. The IPCC does not carry out its own original research, nor does it do the work of monitoring climate or related phenomena itself. The IPCC bases its assessment on the published literature, which includes peer-reviewed and non-peer-reviewed sources. Thousands of scientists and other experts contribute (on a voluntary basis, without payment from the IPCC) to writing and reviewing reports, which are then reviewed by governments. Aims IPCC - Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
First IPCC Report.pdf. Sea Level. This marker indicating sea level is situated between Jerusalem and the Dead Sea, Israel.
Sea level is generally used to refer to mean sea level (MSL), an average level for the surface of one or more of Earth's oceans from which heights such as elevations may be measured. MSL is a type of vertical datum – a standardised geodetic reference point – that is used, for example, as a chart datum in cartography and marine navigation, or, in aviation, as the standard sea level at which atmospheric pressure is measured in order to calibrate altitude and, consequently, aircraft flight levels. A common and relatively straightforward mean sea-level standard is the midpoint between a mean low and mean high tide at a particular location. Sea levels can be affected by many factors and are known to have varied greatly over geological time scales.
SOTC: Sea Ice. Sea ice is frozen seawater that floats on the ocean surface.
Blanketing millions of square kilometers, sea ice forms and melts with the polar seasons, affecting both human activity and biological habitat. In the Arctic, some sea ice persists year after year, whereas almost all Southern Ocean or Antarctic sea ice is "seasonal ice," meaning it melts away and reforms annually. While both Arctic and Antarctic ice are of vital importance to the marine mammals and birds for which they are habitats, sea ice in the Arctic appears to play a more crucial role in regulating climate. Because they are composed of ice originating from glaciers, icebergs and ice shelves are not considered sea ice. Current sea level rise. Trends in global average absolute sea level, 1870–2008. Changes in sea level since the end of the last glacial episode. Current sea level rise is about 3 mm/year worldwide. Food. Deforestation. Deforestation, clearance or clearing is the removal of a forest or stand of trees where the land is thereafter converted to a non-forest use. Examples of deforestation include conversion of forestland to farms, ranches, or urban use.
The term deforestation can be misused when applied to describe a tree harvesting method in which all trees in an area are removed (clear cutting). However in temperate climates, this method is in conformance with sustainable forestry practices, and correctly described as regeneration harvest.[not in citation given] In temperate mesic climates, natural regeneration of forest stands often will not occur in the absence of disturbance, whether natural or anthropogenic. Furthermore, biodiversity after regeneration harvest often mimics that found after natural disturbance, including biodiversity loss after naturally occurring rainforest destruction. Causes Environmental problems Atmospheric Illegal slash and burn practice in Madagascar, 2010 Soil.
Climate Change. Climate change is a change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns when that change lasts for an extended period of time (i.e., decades to millions of years).
Climate change may refer to a change in average weather conditions, or in the time variation of weather around longer-term average conditions (i.e., more or fewer extreme weather events). Climate change is caused by factors such as biotic processes, variations in solar radiation received by Earth, plate tectonics, and volcanic eruptions. Certain human activities have also been identified as significant causes of recent climate change, often referred to as "global warming". §Terminology. Guide to the Climate Change Convention Process.pdf. UNFCCC Webcast - UN Climate Change Conference June 2011. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Convention Bodies. Status of Ratification. Notifications made under article 4 (2) (g) (8) Participant and date of receipt of the notification: Czech Republic..................................27 Nov 1995 Kazakhstan ........................................23 Mar 2000 Monaco................................................20 Nov 1992 Slovakia ..............................................23 Feb 1996 Slovenia .............................................. 9 Jun 1998 (1) For the purpose of entry into force of the [Convention/Protocol], any instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession deposited by a regional economic integration organization shall not be counted as additional to those deposited by member States of that Organization.
List of Annex I Parties to the Convention. Kyoto Protocol. List of Non-Annex I Parties to the Convention.