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The following list consists of notable concepts that are derived from both Islamic and Arab tradition, which are expressed as words in the Arabic language . The main purpose of this list is to disambiguate multiple spellings, to make note of spellings no longer in use for these concepts, to define the concept in one or two lines, to make it easy for one to find and pin down specific concepts, and to provide a guide to unique concepts of Islam all in one place. Separating concepts in Islam from concepts specific to Arab culture , or from the language itself, can be difficult. Many Arabic concepts have an Arabic secular meaning as well as an Islamic meaning.
The topic index below shows concepts from the Quranic Ontology . Click on a concept in the list below to see a summary of the topic, and also for a list of all occurances of that concept in the Quran. This list excludes categories which are used to classify groups of related concepts. Aad ( عاد ) Abel ( هابيل ) Abu Lahab ( أَبو لهب ) Adam ( آدم ) Ahmad ( أحمد ) Al-Ahqaf ( الأحقاف ) Al-Jahiliyah ( الجاهلية ) Al-Judi ( الجودي ) Al-Marwah ( المروة ) Al-Safa ( الصفا ) Al-Uzza ( العزى ) Alaq ( علق ) Allah ( الله ) Allah's Throne ( العرش ) Allat ( اللات ) Angel ( الملائكة ) Ansar ( أنصار ) Ant ( نمل ) Ape ( قرد ) Arabic ( العربية ) Ark of the Covenant ( تابوت العهد ) Arrow ( سهم ) Ayyub ( أيوب ) Azar ( آزر ) Azrael ( عزرائيل ) Baal ( بعل ) Babylon ( بابل ) Badr ( بدر ) Bakkah ( بكة ) Beast of the Earth ( دابة الارض ) Bedouin ( أعراب ) Bee ( نحلة ) Bird ( طائر ) Boat ( سفينة ) Bone ( عظم ) Brass ( مهل ) Bread ( خبز ) Breast Bone ( الترائب )
Arabic loanwords in English are words acquired directly from Arabic or else indirectly by passing from Arabic into other languages and then into English. Most entered one or more of the Romance languages before entering English. Some of them are not ancient in Arabic, but are loanwords within Arabic itself, entering Arabic from Persian, Greek or other languages. To qualify for this list, a word must be reported in leading etymology dictionaries as having descended from Arabic.