The 101st Airborne Division —the " Screaming Eagles " [ 1 ] —is a U.S. Army modular light infantry division trained for air assault operations . During World War II, it was renowned for its role in Operation Overlord —the D-Day landings starting 6 June 1944, in Normandy, France—, Operation Market Garden , the liberation of the Netherlands and action during the Battle of the Bulge around the city of Bastogne, Belgium. During the Vietnam War , the 101st Airborne Division fought in several major campaigns and battles including the fight for Hamburger Hill in May 1969. 101st Airborne Division
The Brécourt Manor Assault (June 6, 1944) during the U.S. parachute assault of the Normandy Invasion of World War II is often cited as a classic example of small-unit tactics and leadership in overcoming a larger enemy force. [ citation needed ] [ edit ] Objective As a result of the crash of a C-47 having killed its company commander, Thomas Meehan III , command of Company E , 2nd Battalion , 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment of the 101st Airborne Division devolved to the company executive officer, 1st Lt. Richard Winters . After linking up with his parent unit at the hamlet of Le Grand Chemin on the morning of June 6, 1944, Winters was ordered up front away from his company. Brécourt Manor Assault
Operation Market Garden Operation Market Garden (17–25 September 1944) was an unsuccessful Allied military operation, fought in the Netherlands and Germany in the Second World War . It was the largest airborne operation up to that time. [ e ] Field Marshal Montgomery's goal was to force an entry into Germany and over the Rhine. He wanted to circumvent the northern end of the Siegfried Line and this required the operation to seize the bridges across the Maas ( Meuse River ) and two arms of the Rhine (the Waal and the Lower Rhine ) as well as several smaller canals and tributaries . Crossing the Lower Rhine would allow the Allies to encircle Germany's industrial heartland in the Ruhr from the north.
The Siege of Bastogne was an engagement in December 1944 between American and German forces at the Belgian town of Bastogne , as part of the larger Battle of the Bulge . The goal of the German offensive was the harbour at Antwerp . In order to reach it before the Allies could regroup and bring their superior air power to bear, German mechanized forces had to seize the roadways through eastern Belgium. Because all seven main roads in the Ardennes mountain range converged on the small town of Bastogne, control of its crossroads was vital to the German attack. The siege lasted from December 20–27 when the besieged American forces were relieved by elements of General George Patton 's 3rd Army. [ edit ] Background Siege of Bastogne
War Stories The historic Battle of Bastogne lasted from mid December 1944 to mid January 1945. American forces formed a perimeter completely around the town, with an infantry line several miles outside the town proper. Elements of eight German divisions surrounded Bastogne for several weeks, trying unsuccessfully to capture it with attacks from various directions around the circle. Seldom were two attacks launched in different sectors at the same time. The photo at the heading of this story was taken in 1994, by Alden Todd of F/502.
101st airborne division's defense of Bastogne