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Path dependence. Path dependence explains how the set of decisions one faces for any given circumstance is limited by the decisions one has made in the past or by the events that one has experienced, even though past circumstances may no longer be relevant.[1] In economics and the social sciences, path dependence can refer either to outcomes at a single moment in time, or to long-run equilibria of a process. In common usage, the phrase implies either: (A) that "history matters" — a broad concept,[2] or(B) that predictable amplifications of small differences are a disproportionate cause of later circumstances, and, in the "strong" form, that this historical hang-over is inefficient.[3] In the first usage, (A), "history matters" is trivially true in many contexts; everything has causes, and sometimes different causes lead to different outcomes.

It is the narrow concept (B), that has the most explanatory force, and which is covered in this article. Illustration[edit] The videotape format war is an example. Winnicott und Arendt. Dialog - soft power tool? Dialog zum Angstabbau. David Bohm. David Joseph Bohm FRS[1] (December 20, 1917 – October 27, 1992) was an American scientist who has been described as one of the most significant theoretical physicists of the 20th century[2] and who contributed innovative and unorthodox ideas to quantum theory, neuropsychology and the philosophy of mind. Bohm warned of the dangers of rampant reason and technology, advocating instead the need for genuine supportive dialogue which he claimed could broaden and unify conflicting and troublesome divisions in the social world.

In this his epistemology mirrored his ontological viewpoint.[5] Due to his youthful Communist affiliations, Bohm was targeted during the McCarthy era, prompting him to leave the United States. He pursued his scientific career in several countries, becoming first a Brazilian and then a British citizen. Biography[edit] Youth and college[edit] Work and doctorate[edit] Manhattan Project contributions[edit] McCarthyism and leaving the United States[edit] Brazil[edit] In Bohm's view: William Isaacs :: Dialogos :: Global consulting for visionary leaders and organizations. William Isaacs is Founder and President of Dialogos, a leadership consulting and strategy development firm based in Cambridge, MA.

He co-founded the Organizational Learning Center at MIT and is a Senior Lecturer at MIT’s Sloan School of Management. He is the author of Dialogue and the Art of Thinking Together, which has been translated into many languages, and was featured in Fast Company as a guide to “the secret of good informal conversation.” It has been acclaimed by a variety of reviewers as the definitive guide to profound change through speaking and listening. It is also frequently cited and used as a central guide to the practice of dialogue in settings around the world. For the past 30 years Dr. Isaacs has taught dialogue, the principles of identity based leadership, and generative change to thousands of corporate executives, development professionals, and national and policy leaders around the world.

Dr. Dialektik vs Dialog. Nicht die Art von Dialog, um die es uns geht - Prison Dialogue. Huntington Clash. Dialogic. The English terms dialogic and dialogism often refer to the concept used by the Russian philosopher Mikhail Bakhtin in his work of literary theory, The Dialogic Imagination. Bakhtin contrasts the dialogic and the "monologic" work of literature. The dialogic work carries on a continual dialogue with other works of literature and other authors. It does not merely answer, correct, silence, or extend a previous work, but informs and is continually informed by the previous work. Dialogic literature is in communication with multiple works. This is not merely a matter of influence, for the dialogue extends in both directions, and the previous work of literature is as altered by the dialogue as the present one is.

Though Bakhtin's "dialogic" emanates from his work with colleagues in what we now call the "Bakhtin Circle" in years following 1918, his work was not known to the West or translated into English until the 1970s. The term 'dialogic' does not only apply to literature. See also[edit] Intercultural Lexicon: Dialogue - Fred Dallmayr.

In recent times, "dialogue" has emerged as an important and even central notion in both philosophy and politics. We speak of a "dialogue among civilizations" in opposition to a "clash of civilizations", and of a "dialogue among religions" as an antidote to the "clash of fundamentalisms". Why has dialogue emerged as such a crucial term today? Because it denotes the opposite of unilateralism and monologue. Because it carries the connotation of collaboration and mutual respect - and thus offers a guidepost to inter-personal and inter-societal concord and peace. The term is also very important philosophically. The word "dialogue" comes from the Greek and is composed of two parts: "dia" and "logos". Viewed from this angle, the turn to dialogue can be seen as part and parcel of the so-called "linguistic turn" or "turn to language" which is a central feature of the twentieth century.

A similar approach was followed by Gabriel Marcel and Paul Ricoeur in France. Dialog ist die Anerkennung, dass der Weg des anderen ebensogut bestritten werden kann, wie der eigene. Erklären, ohne Überzeugen zu wollen. Dialog als Pflicht. Dialog führt man, wenn man aufeinander angewiesen ist. Dialog bedeutet, festhalten können, ohne durchsetzen zu müssen.

Dialog statt Vergeltung

Dialog ist eine Beziehung. Dialogue is not conflict resolution. Voices for Dialogue. Definition 1. Dialog Definition 2. Erlaubt Komplexität. Dialog erlaubt Fragen, ermöglicht Kennenlernen. Dialog verlangt Ebenbürtigkeit. Ist Dialog eine vorwissenschaftliche Methode? "Im Dialog die unbeweisbaren Dinge des Lebens umkreisen" Hans-Georg Gadamer. Hans-Georg Gadamer (; German: [ˈɡaːdamɐ]; February 11, 1900 – March 13, 2002) was a German philosopher of the continental tradition, best known for his 1960 magnum opus Truth and Method (Wahrheit und Methode) on hermeneutics. Life[edit] He later studied classics and philosophy in the University of Breslau under Richard Hönigswald, but soon moved back to the University of Marburg to study with the Neo-Kantian philosophers Paul Natorp (his doctoral thesis advisor) and Nicolai Hartmann. He defended his dissertation The Essence of Pleasure in Plato's Dialogues (Das Wesen der Lust nach den Platonischen Dialogen) in 1922.

Shortly thereafter, Gadamer moved to Freiburg University and began studying with Martin Heidegger, who was then a promising young scholar who had not yet received a professorship. Gadamer habilitated in 1929 and spent most of the early 1930s lecturing in Marburg. Work[edit] Philosophical hermeneutics and Truth and Method[edit] Contributions to communication ethics[edit] Primary.