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The California Gold Rush, 1849 I n January 1848, James Wilson Marshall discovered gold while constructing a saw mill along the American River northeast of present-day Sacramento.
Sutter's Mill (Source: Library of Congress)
Gold was found in Australia several decades before the goldrush.
Gold! Gold is found in rocks and in the ground. People came to look for gold in Australia.
The first gold rush in Australia began in 1851 when prospector Edward Hargraves claimed the discovery of payable gold near Bathurst , New South Wales at a site he called Ophir . [ 1 ] Eight months later, gold was found in Ballarat and Bendigo in Victoria causing large influxes of prospectors . Australia's total population more than tripled from 430,000 in 1851 to 1.7 million in 1871. [ 2 ]
The transportation of convicts to Australia was phased out between 1840 and 1868. By 1860, the continent of Australia had been divided into FIVE separate colonies (not officially states yet, mate but seperation away from New South Wales), each not seeing eye-to-eye and exhibiting more loyalty to London to each other. A major force within the colonies was the “squatocracy” – the rich officers and settlers a.k.a. opportunists who had followed the explorers into fertile hinterlands.
In fact they only got worse. A powerfully disruptive hysteria seemed to grip the State along with the rest of the country.
Sailing to California at the beginning of the Gold Rush
JCF Johnson, A Game of Euchre , col. wood engraving, Australasian Sketcher Supplement [Melbourne], 25 December, 1876.