Région méditerranéenne (phytorégion) La culture de l'olivier et de la vigne sont prédominantes en région méditerranéenne, comme ici dans le Nord-Ouest du Portugal.
Localisation La région méditerranéenne est une phytorégion, définie par Armen Takhtajan dans son ouvrage Floristicheskie oblasti Zemli (en français, « Les régions floristiques du monde »), en 1986. Elle englobe les aires littorales du bassin méditerranéen. Elle appartient au royaume holarctique ou boréal et au sous-royaume du Tethyan. La région méditerranéenne s'étend de l'Italie au Maroc (du nord au sud) et du Portugal à la Jordanie (d'ouest en est). Cette région possède des montagnes dont l'altitude peut dépasser 4 500 m, des péninsules et des archipels. La phytorégion méditerranéenne peut être subdivisée en 9 sous-régions: Le sud du MarocLe sud ouest méditerranéenLe sud méditerranéenLa péninsule ibériqueLes baléaresLa Ligurie-tyrrheneL'AdriatiqueL'est méditerranéenLa Crimée-novorossijsk l’influence maritimeles précipitationsles ventsle taux d’ensoleillement Flore:
Networks and the Resilience and Fall of Empires: a Macro-Comparison of the Imperium Romanum and Imperial China “network model of the route system in the Roman Empire and newly created model of the infrastructural web of Imperial China” « La Méditerranée dans les collections du Louvre », cartes de l'exposition. A la fin de l’Antiquité, sous l’Empire Romain, les pays qui bordent la Méditerranée forment pour la seule fois de leur histoire un empire unifié.
Politiquement, ils appartiennent à une même entité administrative ; religieusement avec le triomphe du Christianisme, ils confessent une même foi. Ce moment unique dans l’histoire d’une région morcelée est le fruit d’un long cheminement. Vers 280 avant J. -C. en effet la Méditerranée est divisée en trois grandes entités. Depuis l’expansion qui a commencé au 8e siècle avant J. Comparison ancient civilizations. Ancient civilizations and theocracies comparison chart pdf book.
Etna excursions. Overtourism in Europe's historic cities sparks backlash. Across Europe, historic cities are buckling.
Mass tourism, encouraged by cash-hungry councils after the 2008 crash and fuelled by the explosion of cheap flights and online room rentals, has become a monster. The backlash, however, has begun. In the past decade, the number of low-cost airline seats available each year in Europe has risen by more than 10% annually, more than doubling to more than 500m. Meanwhile Airbnb, the biggest but far from only holiday lettings platform, has reported triple-digit growth in several European cities over the past five years, driving 10 of them to ask the EU for help.
The cities have between 10,000 and 60,000 listings each. The net result is that over the course of a year, popular short-break destinations such as Barcelona and Amsterdam are hosting 20 or more visitors for each inhabitant, prompting angry protests from locals and forcing city halls to take action. It is not always evident, however, what that action should be – or if it will work. Amsterdam. Geology of Skopelos The creation of an island "Nature for us is more depth than surface." Paul Cezanne 1839-1906. The small area of land that is now Skopelos has a dramatic geological history.
Arising from the bed of the ancient Tethys Ocean, it has at times been on a deep continental shelf, an ocean reef and a tidal lagoon. In all these places rocks which form the island were created. For millions of years it was part of a large continent where wide valleys were formed and erosion and weathering created deep rich red soils. L'Algérie vue du cie HD Documentaire complet. Minoan civilization. The Minoan civilization was a Bronze Age Aegean civilization on the island of Crete and other Aegean Islands, flourishing from c. 2700 to c. 1450 BC until a late period of decline, finally ending around 1100 BC.
Ancient Crete. A fresco found at the Minoan site of Knossos, indicating a sport or ritual of "bull leaping", the dark skinned figure is a man and the two light skinned figures are women The history of Crete goes back to the 7th millennium BC, preceding the ancient Minoan civilization by more than four millennia.
The palace based Minoan civilization was the first civilization in Europe. After the Minoan civilization was devastated by the Thera eruption, Crete developed an Ancient Greece-influenced organization of city states, then successively became part of the Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire, the Venetian Republic, the Ottoman Empire, autonomous state, and the modern state of Greece. Prehistoric Crete Goddess clay figurine. Amazon.co. I am not that big an Attenborough fan, but in this series from 1987 he does more than remark on natural history, but expands his insight and commentary to include man.
There are four 55-minute episodes presented in their original 4:3 ratio. It is a shame that only five minutes is spent of the opening episode in explaining the geological creation of the Mediterranean. But Attenborough’s coverage of its flora and fauna covers virtually every part: from Morocco in the west to Turkey in the east; from Egypt in the south to France in the north; and many of the islands inbetween. All countries with a shoreline feature except three: Algeria, Lebanon, and Albania. Mediterranean Basin. Potential distribution over the Mediterranean Basin of the olive tree—one of the best biological indicators of the Mediterranean Region (Oteros, 2014) Political Map of the Mediterranean Basin In biogeography, the Mediterranean Basin /ˌmɛdɪtəˈreɪniən/ (also known as the Mediterranean region or sometimes Mediterranea) is the region of lands around the Mediterranean Sea that have a Mediterranean climate, with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers, which supports characteristic Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub vegetation.
As a rule of thumb, the Mediterranean Basin is the Old World region where olive trees grow. However olive trees grow in other corners of the world which have a Mediterranean climate, and there are many areas around the Mediterranean Sea which do not have a Mediterranean climate and where olive trees cannot grow. Geography All you need is Biology. The Mediterranean Sea is a “sea in the middle of the land” (Mare medi terraneum, in Latin).
Do you know how many species live in this small sea? Do you know which is the average and maximum depth? These and more questions are answered in this post and are going to show you the magnificence of this sea. Approximately 17,000 species have been reported to occur in the Mediterranean Sea. Did you think that they were more or less than 17,000? These 17,000 species represent a 6.4% of the global species. Museo dell'Olivo - In depth examination - The Olive Tree in 6,000 Years of History. The olive tree is one of the most typical characteristics of the Mediterranean environment, and olive oil is one of the oldest and most important products of the material culture in this part of the world.
The history of the cultivated olive tree begins during the fourth millennium BC. Its spread is linked to the development of the great Mediterranean civilizations, from the first organization of states in the Middle East to the contemporary world. Olive cultivation and oil production can be performed only within a stable society, with a rather advanced and complex political and economic organization. In fact a rather sophisticated knowledge of botany and agricultural procedures (pruning, grafting), as well as the development of specialized techniques are required.