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List of island countries. Sovereign states and states with limited recognition fully on islands (Australia is regarded a continent), those with land borders shaded green, and those without shaded dark blue Current[edit] Sovereign states[edit] States with limited recognition[edit] De Facto Island bound States with limited recognition[edit]

List of island countries

List of islands by area. This list of islands by area includes all islands in the world greater than 2,500 km2 (970 sq mi) and several other islands over 500 km2 (190 sq mi), sorted in descending order by area.

List of islands by area

For comparison, continents are also shown. Continental landmasses[edit] Although the continental landmasses listed below are not normally called islands, they are land entirely surrounded by water (excluding the geologically insignificant Suez and Panama Canals). In effect, they are enormous islands and are shown here for that reason. Central Europe. Major geographic features of central Europe Central Europe lies between Eastern and Western Europe.[1][2][3] The concept of Central Europe is based on a common historical, social and cultural identity.[4][5][6][7][8][7][9][10][11][12][13] Central Europe is going through a phase of "strategic awakening",[14] with initiatives like the CEI, Centrope or V4.

Central Europe

While the region's economy shows high disparities with regard to income,[15] all Central European countries are listed by the Human Development Index as very highly developed.[16] Mitteleuropa. This article is about a historical concept in ninenteenth-century Germany.


For the geographical region of Europe, see Central Europe. For the book Mitteleuropa, see Friedrich Naumann. Mitteleuropa (pronounced [ˈmɪtl̩ʔɔɪ̯ˌʀoːpa]), meaning Middle Europe, is one of the German terms for Central Europe.[1] The term has acquired different cultural, political and historical connotations.[2] There are diverse and contrasting connotations of the concept of Mitteleuropa.[3][4] Prussian vision of Mitteleuropa was a pan-Germanist state-centric imperium, an idea that was later adopted in a modified form by National Socialist geopoliticians.[5][6][7] Life zones of central Europe. Floristic regions of Europe Central Europe contains several life zones, depending on location and elevation.

Life zones of central Europe

Geographically, Central Europe lies between the Baltic Sea and the Apennine and Balkan peninsulas. It includes the plains of Germany and Poland; the Alps; and the Carpathian Mountains. The Central European Flora region stretches from Central France to Central Romania and Southern Scandinavia.[1] The lowlands of Central Europe contain the Central European mixed forests ecoregion,[2] while the mountains host the Alps conifer and mixed forests[3] and Carpathian montane conifer forests ecoregions.[4] An important factor in the local climate and ecology of Central Europe is the elevation: an increase of elevation by 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) causes the average air temperature to drop by 5 °C (41 °F) and decreases the amount of water that can be held by the atmosphere by 30%.

Western Europe. Video taken by the crew of Expedition 29 on board the ISS on a pass over Western Europe in 2011.

Western Europe

Western Europe is the region comprising the western part of the European continent. There may be differences between the geopolitical and purely geographic definitions of the term. Historical divisions[edit] Classical antiquity and medieval origins[edit] Prior to the Roman conquest, a large part of Western Europe had adopted the fairly newly developed La Tène culture. The division between these two was enhanced during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages by a number of events.

Ecological land classification. Ecological land classification is a cartographical delineation of distinct ecological areas, identified by their geology, topography, soils, vegetation, climate conditions, living species, habitats, water resources, as well as anthropic factors (corroborated by ref).[1] These factors control and influence biotic composition and ecological processes.

Ecological land classification

Types[edit] Many different lists and ecological land classification schemes have been developed.[2][3] In Canada ecological land classification schemes are commonly used. Provincial authorities have adopted methods to classify ecosystems within various ecoregions of the province. Ontario is one such province that uses an extensive method to define ecological units. Hierarchy of classification levels in ecology compared to other fields[edit] This classification table shows the parallel classification terms in similar spatial scales used in the study of the biotic and abiotic components of ecosystems and the Earth.

List of Ecoregions. Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests Australasia(12) Sulawesi Moist Forests - Indonesia(13) Moluccas Moist Forests - Indonesia(14) Southern New Guinea Lowland Forests - Indonesia, Papua New Guinea(15) New Guinea Montane Forests - Indonesia, Papua New Guinea(16) Solomons-Vanuatu-Bismarck Moist Forests - Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu(17) Queensland Tropical Forests - Australia(18) New Caledonia Moist Forests - New Caledonia (France)(19) Lord Howe-Norfolk Islands Forests - Australia Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests Afrotropical(51) Madagascar Dry Forests - Madagascar.

List of Ecoregions

World Atlas: Special Status Territories in the World.