European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages - Wikipedia. The European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages (ECRML) is a European treaty (CETS 148) adopted in 1992 under the auspices of the Council of Europe to protect and promote historical regional and minority languages in Europe.
The preparation for the charter was undertaken by the predecessor to the current Congress of Local and Regional Authorities, the Standing Conference of Local and Regional Authorities of Europe because involvement of local and regional government was essential. The actual charter was written in the Parliamentary Assembly based on the Congress' Recommendations. Some states, such as Ukraine and Sweden, have tied the status of minority language to the recognized national minorities, which are defined by ethnic, cultural and/or religious criteria, thereby circumventing the Charter's notion of linguistic minority. The charter provides a large number of different actions state parties can take to protect and promote historical regional and minority languages. Linguistic maps of Europe. List of territorial entities where German is an official language - Wikipedia.
Legal statuses of German in Europe: "German Sprachraum": German is (co-)official language and first language of the majority of the population German is a co-official language, but not the first language of the majority of the population German (or a German dialect) is a legally recognized minority language (Squares: Geographic distribution too dispersed/small for map scale) Approximate distribution of native German speakers (assuming a rounded total of 95 million) worldwide.
Italian language - Wikipedia. This article is about the standardized Italian language.
For other Italian languages originating or spoken in Italy, see Languages of Italy. Italian ( italiano [itaˈljaːno] or lingua italiana [ˈliŋɡwa itaˈljaːna]) is a Romance language. List of countries where Spanish is an official language - Wikipedia. Countries and territories where the Spanish language holds official status.
The following is a list of sovereign states and dependent territories where Spanish is an official language, the national language or the de facto official language. Spanish as official language or national language Spanish is the majority language in 21 sovereign states and several dependent territories, totaling around 442 million people. In these countries and territories, Spanish is the main or only language of communication of the vast majority of the population; official documents are written chiefly or solely in that language; and it is taught in schools and utilized as the primary medium of instruction as part of the official curriculum. a In Spain, Spanish is the sole official language at the national level, while the languages of Basque, Catalan/Valencian, and Galician are co-official alongside Spanish in certain sub-national regions.
Community of Portuguese Language Countries - Wikipedia. The Community of Portuguese Language Countries (Portuguese: Comunidade dos Países de Língua Portuguesa; abbreviated as CPLP), occasionally known in English as the Lusophone Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organization of Lusophone nations across four continents, where Portuguese is an official language; mostly of former colonies of the Portuguese Empire.
The CPLP operates as a privileged multilateral forum for the mutual cooperation of the governments of its members, on both executive and ministerial levels, non-governmental organizations, and the various branches of the CPLP itself. Formation, objectives and member states CPLP is a multilateral forum created to deepen mutual friendship and cooperation among its member states. CPLP prime objectives are: In 2005, during a meeting in Luanda, the ministers of culture of the member states declared the 5 May as the Lusophone Culture Day (Dia da Cultura Lusófona in Portuguese). List of territorial entities where French is an official language - Wikipedia. French is the only official language (13 countries) French is co-official alongside one or more other languages (16 countries) As of 2015, there are 29 independent nations where French is an official language.
The following is a list of sovereign states and territories where French is an official or de facto language. Countries with French as an official language Dutch language - Wikipedia. Dutch ( Nederlands ) is a West Germanic language that is spoken in the European Union by about 23 million people as a first language—including most of the population of the Netherlands and about sixty percent that of Belgium—and by another 5 million as a second language. It is the third most widely spoken Germanic language, after German and English.
Dutch has developed over the course of 15 centuries. Old Dutch developed from Frankish, as it was spoken by the Salian Franks in the fifth century.