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Walter "Walt" Whitman (May 31, 1819 – March 26, 1892) was an American poet, essayist and journalist. A humanist , he was a part of the transition between transcendentalism and realism , incorporating both views in his works. Whitman is among the most influential poets in the American canon, often called the father of free verse . [ 1 ] His work was very controversial in its time, particularly his poetry collection Leaves of Grass , which was described as obscene for its overt sexuality. Born on Long Island , Whitman worked as a journalist, a teacher, a government clerk, and—in addition to publishing his poetry—was a volunteer nurse during the American Civil War . Early in his career, he also produced a temperance novel , Franklin Evans (1842).
Robert Lee Frost (March 26, 1874 – January 29, 1963) was an American poet. He is highly regarded for his realistic depictions of rural life and his command of American colloquial speech. [ 1 ] His work frequently employed settings from rural life in New England in the early twentieth century, using them to examine complex social and philosophical themes. One of the most popular and critically respected American poets of his generation, Frost was honored frequently during his lifetime, receiving four Pulitzer Prizes for Poetry . Biography
Wallace Stevens (October 2, 1879 – August 2, 1955) was an American Modernist poet. He was born in Reading, Pennsylvania , educated at Harvard and then New York Law School, and he spent most of his life working as an executive for an insurance company in Hartford, Connecticut . He won the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry for his Collected Poems in 1955. Some of his best-known poems include " Valley Candle ", " Anecdote of the Jar ", " Disillusionment of Ten O'Clock ", " The Emperor of Ice-Cream ", " The Idea of Order at Key West ", " Sunday Morning ", " The Snow Man ", and " Thirteen Ways of Looking at a Blackbird ."
Elizabeth Bishop (February 8, 1911 – October 6, 1979) was an American poet and short-story writer. She was the Poet Laureate of the United States from 1949 to 1950, the Pulitzer Prize winner for Poetry in 1956, [ 1 ] the National Book Award winner in 1970, and the recipient of the Neustadt International Prize for Literature in 1976 . [ 2 ] [ edit ] Life and career [ edit ] Early years
The Moose Elizabeth Bishop For Grace Bulmer Bowers From narrow provinces of fish and bread and tea, home of the long tides where the bay leaves the sea twice a day and takes the herrings long rides, where if the river enters or retreats in a wall of brown foam depends on if it meets the bay coming in, the bay not at home; where, silted red, sometimes the sun sets facing a red sea, and others, veins the flats' lavender, rich mud in burning rivulets; on red, gravelly roads, down rows of sugar maples, past clapboard farmhouses and neat, clapboard churches, bleached, ridged as clamshells, past twin silver birches, through late afternoon a bus journeys west, the windshield flashing pink, pink glancing off of metal, brushing the dented flank of blue, beat-up enamel; down hollows, up rises, and waits, patient, while a lone traveller gives kisses and embraces to seven relatives and a collie supervises. Goodbye to the elms, to the farm, to the dog. The bus starts.
Edward Estlin Cummings (October 14, 1894 – September 3, 1962), popularly known as E. E. Cummings , with the abbreviated form of his name often written by others in lowercase letters as e.e. cummings (in the style of some of his poems—see name and capitalization , below), was an American poet , painter, essayist, author, and playwright.