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Blues is the name given to both a musical form and a music genre [ 1 ] that originated in African-American communities of primarily the " Deep South " of the United States around the end of the 19th century from spirituals , work songs , field hollers , shouts and chants , and rhymed simple narrative ballads . [ 2 ] The blues form, ubiquitous in jazz , rhythm and blues , and rock and roll is characterized by specific chord progressions, of which the twelve-bar blues chord progression is the most common. The blue notes that, for expressive purposes are sung or played flattened or gradually bent (minor 3rd to major 3rd) in relation to the pitch of the major scale , are also an important part of the sound. The blues genre is based on the blues form but possesses other characteristics such as specific lyrics, bass lines and instruments.
Country blues otherwise known as acoustic blues (also folk blues , rural blues , backwoods blues , or downhome blues ) is a general term that refers to all the acoustic, mainly guitar -driven forms of the blues . It often incorporated elements of rural gospel, ragtime, hillbilly, and dixieland jazz. After blues' birth in the Southern United States , it quickly spread throughout the country (and elsewhere), giving birth to a host of regional styles.
Rhythm and blues , often abbreviated to R&B and RnB , is a genre of popular African-American music that originated in the 1940s. [ 1 ] The term was originally used by record companies to describe recordings marketed predominantly to urban African Americans, at a time when "urbane, rocking, jazz based music with a heavy, insistent beat" was becoming more popular. [ 2 ] The term has subsequently had a number of shifts in meaning. In the early 1950s, the term rhythm and blues was frequently applied to blues records. [ 3 ] Starting in the mid-1950s, after this style of music contributed to the development of rock and roll , the term "R&B" became used to refer to music styles that developed from and incorporated electric blues , as well as gospel and soul music . By the 1970s, rhythm and blues was used as a blanket term for soul and funk .
Soul music is a popular music genre that originated in the United States in the 1950s and early 1960s, combining elements of African American gospel music and rhythm and blues . According to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame , soul is "music that arose out of the black experience in America through the transmutation of gospel and rhythm & blues into a form of funky , secular testifying." [ 1 ] Catchy rhythms, stressed by handclaps and extemporaneous body moves, are an important feature of soul music. Other characteristics are a call and response between the soloist and the chorus, and an especially tense vocal sound. The style also occasionally uses improvisational additions, twirls and auxiliary sounds. [ 2 ] [ edit ] Origins Soul music has its roots in gospel music and rhythm and blues .
The Rolling Stones , the most commercially successful band to emerge from the movement, shown in 1965 British rhythm and blues (or R&B ) was a musical movement that developed in the United Kingdom between the late 1950s and the early 1960s, and reached a peak in the mid-1960s. It overlapped with, but was distinct from, the broader British beat and more purist British blues scenes, attempting to emulate the music of African American blues and rock and roll pioneers, such as Muddy Waters and Howlin' Wolf , Chuck Berry and Bo Diddley .
Jump blues is an up-tempo blues usually played by small groups and featuring horns . It was very popular in the 1940s, and the movement was a precursor to the arrival of rhythm and blues and rock and roll . [ 1 ] More recently, there was renewed interest in jump blues in the 1990s as part of the swing revival . [ edit ] Origins
The West Coast blues is a type of blues music characterized by jazz and jump blues influences, strong piano -dominated sounds and jazzy guitar solos, which originated from Texas blues players relocated to California in the 1940s. [ 1 ] West Coast blues also features smooth, honey-toned vocals, frequently crossing into urban blues territory. [ edit ] Texas and the West Coast The towering figure of West Coast blues may be guitarist T-Bone Walker , famous for the song " Call It Stormy Monday (But Tuesday Is Just As Bad) ", a relocated Texan who had made his first recordings in the late 1920s. During the early 1940s Walker moved to Los Angeles , [ 2 ] where he recorded many enduring sides for Capitol , Black & White , and Imperial . Walker was a crucial figure in the electrification and urbanization of the blues, probably doing more to popularize the use of electric guitar in the form than anyone else.
Boogie-woogie is an African American style of piano -based blues that became popular in the late 1930s and early 1940s, but originated much earlier, and was extended from piano, to three pianos at once, guitar , big band , and country and western music , and even gospel . While the blues traditionally depicts a variety of emotions, boogie-woogie is mainly associated with dancing . [ 1 ] The lyrics of one of the earliest hits, " Pinetop's Boogie Woogie ", consist entirely of instructions to dancers: Now, when I tell you to hold yourself, don't you move a peg. And when I tell you to get it, I want you to Boogie Woogie! It is characterized by a regular bass figure , in the left hand. The bass figure is transposed according to the chord changes.
Rock and roll (often written as rock & roll or rock 'n' roll ) is a genre of popular music that originated and evolved in the United States during the late 1940s and early 1950s, [ 1 ] [ 2 ] primarily from a combination of African American blues , jump blues , country , jazz , [ 3 ] and gospel music . [ 4 ] Though elements of rock and roll can be heard in country records of the 1930s, [ 3 ] and in blues records from the 1920s, [ 5 ] rock and roll did not acquire its name until the 1950s. [ 6 ] [ 7 ] The term "rock and roll" now has at least two different meanings, both in common usage: referring to the first wave of music that originated in the mid-1950s and later developed "into the more encompassing international style known as " rock music ," and as a term simply synonymous with rock music in the broad sense. [ 8 ] For the purpose of differentiation, this article uses the first definition.
Garage rock is a raw form of rock and roll that was first popular in the United States and Canada from about 1963 to 1967 . During the 1960s, it was not recognized as a separate music genre and had no specific name. In the 1970s, some critics referred to the style as punk rock , the first form of music to bear this description; although it is sometimes called garage punk , protopunk , or 1960s punk, the style has predominantly been referred to as garage rock. [ edit ] History [ edit ] Origins
Punk rock is a rock music genre that developed between 1974 and 1976 in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Australia. Rooted in garage rock and other forms of what is now known as protopunk music, punk rock bands eschewed perceived excesses of mainstream 1970s rock. Punk bands created fast, hard-edged music, typically with short songs, stripped-down instrumentation, and often political, anti-establishment lyrics.
Post-punk is a rock music genre that paralleled and emerged from the initial punk rock explosion of the late 1970s. The genre retains an association with punk, especially art punk , but is more complex and experimental. [ 3 ] Post-punk laid the groundwork for alternative rock by broadening the range of punk and underground music , incorporating elements of Krautrock (particularly the use of synthesizers and extensive repetition ), dub music (specifically in regard to the use of bass guitars ), American funk and studio experimentation into the genre. It was the focus of the 1980s alternative music / independent scene , and led to the development of genres such as gothic rock and industrial music . [ edit ] 1977–79
The post-punk revival (also described as New Wave revival , [ 1 ] garage rock revival , [ 2 ] or new rock revolution [ 3 ] ) was a development in alternative rock of the late 20th and early 21st centuries in which bands took inspiration from the original sounds and aesthetics of garage rock of the 1960s and post-punk and New Wave of the late 1970s. [ 1 ] [ 2 ] Bands that broke through to the mainstream from local scenes across the world in the early 2000s included The Strokes , Interpol , The White Stripes , The Hives and The Vines , who were followed to commercial success by many existing and new acts. By the end of the decade, most of the bands had broken up, moved on to other projects or were on hiatus, although some bands returned to recording and touring in the 2010s. [ edit ] Definitions and characteristics
New Wave music is an ambiguous category of pop or rock music from between the late 1970s to mid-1980s with ties to the original wave of punk rock . [ 12 ] New Wave music was first considered the same as punk rock before being identified as a genre in its own right, incorporating aspects of electronic and experimental music , mod subculture , disco and 1960s pop music. New Wave differs from other movements with ties to first wave punk as it displays characteristics common to pop music, rather than the more "arty" post-punk, [ 13 ] though it incorporates much of the original punk rock sound and ethos [ 7 ] [ 14 ] while arguably exhibiting greater complexity in both music and lyrics. Common characteristics of New Wave music, aside from its punk influences, include the use of synthesizers and electronic productions, the importance of styling and the arts, as well as a great amount of diversity. [ 13 ]
Hardcore punk (or referred to simply as hardcore ) is a punk rock music genre that originated in the late 1970s. Hardcore is generally faster, heavier, and more abrasive than regular punk rock. [ 2 ] The origin of the term "hardcore punk" is uncertain. The Vancouver-based band D.O.A. may have helped to popularize the term with the title of their 1981 album, Hardcore '81 . [ 3 ] [ 4 ] [ 5 ] Hardcore has spawned the straight edge movement and its associated submovements, hardline and youth crew . Hardcore was heavily involved with the rise of the independent record labels in the 1980s, and with the DIY ethics in underground music scenes.
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