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PhotoDiode Detector

Introduction to Semiconductor Radiation Detectors
Semiconductor detector A semiconductor detector is a device that uses a semiconductor (usually silicon or germanium) to detect traversing charged particles or the absorption of photons. In the field of particle physics, these detectors are usually known as silicon detectors. When their sensitive structures are based on a single diode, they are called semiconductor diode detectors. Semiconductor detector
Photodiode Arrays with Amplifiers, Hamamatsu
X-Ray Flat Panel Sensors, Hamamatsu
A specially developed CCD used for ultraviolet imaging in a wire bonded package A charge-coupled device (CCD) is a device for the movement of electrical charge, usually from within the device to an area where the charge can be manipulated, for example conversion into a digital value. This is achieved by "shifting" the signals between stages within the device one at a time. CCDs move charge between capacitive bins in the device, with the shift allowing for the transfer of charge between bins. History[edit] George E. Charge-coupled device Charge-coupled device
webcam CCD being destroyed by radioactivity (alpha radiation) | Flickr - Fotosharing!
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CCD Radiation Damage Studies
CCD_Lessons_Learned
Radiation Resistance of a Two-Phase CCD Sensor
Radiation Design Considerations Using CMOS Logic
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Characterization of CMOS Active Pixel Sensors for particle detection: Beam test of the four sensors RAPS03 stacked system In this work, in order to check the suitability of CMOS Active Pixel Sensors (APS) detectors for vertexing/tracking applications ,four stacked CMOS APS sensors featuring 256x256 pixels with10x10 mm2 size have been tested at the INFN Beam Test Facility (BFT), Frascati (Rome). For this purpose, a dedicated mechanical and electrical setup has been devised and implemented, allowing for the simultaneous read-out of four sensors arranged in a stacked structure. A compact and fast system (up to 64MHz read-out clock) based on external ADCs and FPGA allows for the PC communication through USB2.0. Characterization of CMOS Active Pixel Sensors for particle detection: Beam test of the four sensors RAPS03 stacked system
CMOS Reliability Wearout Mechanisms

Radiation Effects on a Radiation Tolerant CMOS Active Pixel Sensor
Radiation Tolerance of CMOS Monolithic Active Pixel Sensors
CMOS radiation-measuring circuit with a variable threshold - Patent 7288752 CMOS radiation-measuring circuit with a variable threshold - Patent 7288752 This invention relates to a CMOS radiation-measuring circuit with a variable threshold. A complementary-symmetry MOSFET (CMOS) radiation-measuring circuit may include transistors configured to provide a digital output that changes from one state to another when the radiation dose absorbed by the circuit exceeds a threshold. The size of the devices used in the CMOS radiation-measuring circuit determines the radiation dosage that will cause the digital output of the CMOS radiation-measuring circuit to change from one digital state to another digital state. Hence, the design of a CMOS radiation-measuring circuit requires careful consideration of the size of transistors in the circuit. When the voltage applied between the gate and source terminals of a MOSFET exceeds a certain voltage, the MOSFET turns on. This voltage is referred to as the threshold voltage.
Radiation Effects in Active CMOS Pixel Sensors
CMOS Detectors: Scientific monolithic CMOS imagers come of age - Laser Focus World
Halbleiterdetektor Halbleiterdetektor Halbleiterdetektor für Gammastrahlung. Der hochreine Germanium-Einkristall innerhalb des Gehäuses hat rund 6 cm Durchmesser und 8 cm Länge Ein Halbleiterdetektor ist ein Strahlungs- oder Teilchendetektor, der sich spezielle elektrische Eigenschaften von Halbleitern zunutze macht, um ionisierende Strahlung nachzuweisen. Die Strahlung erzeugt im Halbleiter freie Ladungsträger, welche zu Elektroden aus Metall wandern. Dieses Stromsignal wird verstärkt und ausgewertet. Halbleiterdetektoren werden beispielsweise in der Spektroskopie, Kernphysik und Teilchenphysik eingesetzt.
CMOStechnology_deutsch
CMOS Pixeldetektoren für den Nachweis geladener Teilchen
Dissertation:Bauelemente Degradation durch radioaktive Strahlung
PIN-Diode PIN-Diode Schema einer pin-Diode Die pin-Diode wird auch psn-Diode (s für schwach dotiert) oder Leistungsdiode (auf Grund der Anwendung in der Leistungselektronik) genannt. Aufbau[Bearbeiten] Die Dotierung kann wahlfrei durch Diffusionsprozesse, Epitaxie oder Ionenimplantation erreicht werden.
Halbleiterdetektoren
Halbleiterdetektoren
CCD-Sensor CCD-Sensoren sind lichtempfindliche elektronische Bauelemente, die auf dem inneren Photoeffekt beruhen. „CCD“ ist hierbei die Abkürzung des englischen charge-coupled device (dt. ‚ladungsgekoppeltes Bauteil‘), welches im CCD-Sensor verwendet wird. Ursprünglich wurden 1969 CCDs für die Datenspeicherung entwickelt.[1] Jedoch wurde schnell bemerkt, dass diese Bauelemente lichtempfindlich sind und es vergleichsweise einfach ist, ein zweidimensionales Bild zu erfassen. CCD-Sensor
Introduction to Semiconductor Detectors