The death of Talos depicted on a 4th century BC krater now in the Jatta National Archaeological Museum in Ruvo di Puglia . In Greek mythology , Talos ( pron.: / ˈ t ɑː l ɵ s / ; Greek : Τάλως , Talōs ) or Talon ( pron.: / ˈ t ɑː l ɵ n / ; Greek : Τάλων , Talōn ) was a giant man of bronze [ 1 ] who protected Europa in Crete from pirates and invaders by circling the island's shores three times daily [ 2 ] while guarding it. [ edit ] History According to Brian A.
Achelous was often reduced to a bearded mask, an inspiration for the medieval Green Man . Floor mosaic, Zeugma , Turkey. In Greek mythology , Achelous ( / æ k ɨ ˈ l oʊ . ə s / ; Ancient Greek : Ἀχελῷος Achelōos ) was the patron deity of the "silver-swirling" [ 1 ] Achelous River , which is the largest river of Greece, and thus the chief of all river deities, every river having its own river spirit. His name is pre-Greek, its meaning unknown.
In Greek mythology , Asterion ("starry", "ruler of the stars") denotes two sacred kings of Crete. The first Asterion ( Ancient Greek : Ἀστερίων ) or Asterius ( Ἀστέριος ), [ 1 ] the son of Tectamus son of Dorus called by the Greeks "king" of Crete , was the consort of Europa and stepfather of her sons by Zeus , [ 2 ] who had to assume the form of the Cretan bull of the sun to accomplish his role. The sons were Minos , the just king in Crete who judged the Underworld ; Rhadamanthus , presiding over the Garden of the Hesperides or in the Underworld; and Sarpedon , likewise a judge in the Afterlife.
Helios ( pron.: / ˈ h iː l i . ɒ s / ; Ancient Greek : Ἥλιος Hēlios , Latinized as Helius ; Ancient Greek : Ἠέλιος in classic dialect) was the personification of the Sun in Greek mythology . Homer often calls him Titan or Hyperion , while Hesiod ( Theogony 371) and the Homeric Hymn separate him as a son of the Titans Hyperion and Theia (Hesiod) or Euryphaessa (Homeric Hymn) and brother of the goddesses Selene , the moon, and Eos , the dawn. Ovid also calls him Titan. [ 1 ]
In Greek mythology , Pasiphaë ( English / p ə ˈ s ɪ f ɨ . iː / ; [ 1 ] Greek : Πασιφάη Pasipháē), "wide-shining" [ 2 ] was the daughter of Helios , the Sun, by the eldest [ 3 ] of the Oceanids , Perse . [ 4 ] [ edit ] Family Like her doublet Europa , her origins were in the East, in her case at Colchis , she was given in marriage to King Minos of Crete . With Minos, she was the mother of Ariadne , Androgeus , Glaucus , Deucalion , Phaedra , and Catreus . She was also the mother of "starlike" Asterion , called by the Greeks the Minotaur , after a curse from Poseidon caused her to experience lust for and mate with a white bull sent by Poseidon. [ 5 ] "The Bull was the old pre-Olympian Poseidon," Ruck and Staples remark. [ 6 ] Daedalus presents the artificial cow to Pasiphaë: Roman fresco in the House of the Vettii , Pompeii, 1st century CE.
This article is about the mythological character. For other uses see Daedalus (disambiguation) . In Greek mythology , Daedalus /di:dəlɪs/ or /dɛdəlɪs/ ( Ancient Greek : Δαίδαλος , meaning "clever worker"; Latin : Daedalos ; Etruscan : Taitale ) was a skillful craftsman and artisan. [ 1 ] [ 2 ] He is the father of Icarus and Iapyx and the uncle of Perdix . [ edit ] Family His parentage was supplied as a later addition to the mythos , providing him with a father in either Metion , [ 3 ] Eupalamus [ 4 ] or Palamaon, [ 5 ] and a mother, either Alcippe , Athena, [ 6 ] Iphinoe [ 7 ] or Phrasimede. [ 8 ] Daedalus had two sons: Icarus [ 9 ] and Iapyx , [ 10 ] along with a nephew, whose name was Perdix .
Chaos ( Greek χάος , khaos ) refers to the formless or void state preceding the creation of the universe or cosmos in the Greek creation myths , more specifically the initial "gap" created by the original separation of heaven and earth . The motif of Chaoskampf ( German for "struggle against chaos") is ubiquitous in such myths, depicting a battle of a culture hero deity with a chaos monster , often in the shape of a serpent or dragon . The same term has also been extended to parallel concepts in the religions of the Ancient Near East .
In Greek mythology , Ananke , also spelled Anangke , Anance , or Anagke ( Ancient Greek : Ἀνάγκη , from the common noun ἀνάγκη , "force, constraint, necessity"), was the personification of destiny , necessity and fate , depicted as holding a spindle . She marks the beginning of the cosmos , along with Chronos . She was seen as the most powerful dictator of all fate and circumstance which meant that mortals, as well as the Gods, respected her and paid homage. Considered as the mother of the Fates according to one version, she is the only one to have control over their decisions. [ 1 ]
In Greek mythology , Aether ( Æthere , Ancient Greek : Αἰθήρ , pronounced [ajtʰɛ̌ːr] ), also known as Acmon , is one of the primordial deities , the first-born elementals . His name means "light" in ancient Greek . [ 1 ] Aether is the personification and elemental god of "the bright, glowing upper air of heaven - the substance of light". [ 1 ] He embodies the pure upper air that the gods breathe, as opposed to the normal air ( Ἀήρ , aer ) breathed by mortals. Like Tartarus and Erebus , Aether may have had shrines in Hella, but he had no temples, and it is unlikely that he had a cult. [ edit ] Mythology [ edit ] Hesiod In Hesiod 's Theogony , Aether (Brightness), was the son of Erebus (Darkness) and Nyx (Night), and the brother of Hemera (Day). [ 2 ]
In Greek mythology , Thalassa ( Θάλασσα , " sea ") is a primordial sea goddess , daughter of Aether and Hemera . With sea god Pontus , she was the mother of the nine Telchines and Halia . Sometimes, she was thought of as the mother of Aphrodite with Uranus or with Zeus .
Aphrodite ( i / æ f r ə ˈ d aɪ t i / af-rə- DY -tee ; Greek : Ἀφροδίτη ) is the Greek goddess of love , beauty , pleasure, and procreation. Her Roman equivalent is the goddess Venus . According to Hesiod 's Theogony , she was born when Cronus cut off Uranus 's genitals and threw them into the sea, and she arose from the sea foam ( aphros ). According to Homer 's Iliad , she is the daughter of Zeus and Dione . Because of her beauty, other gods feared that their rivalry over her would interrupt the peace among them and lead to war, so Zeus married her to Hephaestus , who, because of his ugliness and deformity, was not seen as a threat.
Two Furies, from a 19th century book reproducing an image from an ancient vase. In Greek mythology the Erinyes (Ἐρινύες, pl. of Ἐρινύς, Erinys; literally "the avengers" from Greek ἐρίνειν "pursue, persecute" [sometimes referred to as "infernal goddesses" (Greek χθόνιαι θεαί)]) were female chthonic deities of vengeance . A formulaic oath in the Iliad invokes them as "those who beneath the earth punish whosoever has sworn a false oath". [ 1 ] Burkert suggests they are "an embodiment of the act of self-cursing contained in the oath". [ 2 ] They correspond to the Furies or Dirae in Roman mythology . When the Titan Cronus castrated his father Uranus and threw his genitalia into the sea, the Erinyes emerged from the drops of blood, while Aphrodite was born from the crests of seafoam.
In Greek mythology , Nemesis ( Greek , Νέμεσις ), also called Rhamnousia/Rhamnusia ("the goddess of Rhamnous ") at her sanctuary at Rhamnous , north of Marathon , was the spirit of divine retribution against those who succumb to hubris (arrogance before the gods). Another name was Adrasteia , meaning "the inescapable." [ 1 ] The Greeks personified vengeful fate as a remorseless goddess: the goddess of revenge. The name Nemesis is related to the Greek word νέμειν [némein], meaning "to give what is due". [ 2 ] [ edit ] Background
In Greek mythology , the Telchines ( Greek : Τελχῖνες Telkhines ) were the original inhabitants of the island of Rhodes , and were known in Crete and Cyprus . Their parents were either Pontus and Gaia , or Tartarus and Nemesis , or else they were born from the blood of castrated Ouranos along with the Erinyes . [ 1 ] In another story there were nine Telchines, children of Thalassa and Pontus ; they had flippers instead of hands and dogs' heads and were known as fish children. [ 2 ] They were regarded as excellent metallurgists: various accounts [ 3 ] [ 4 ] state that they were skilled metal workers in brass and iron, and made a trident for Poseidon and a sickle for Cronus , both ceremonial weapons. [ 5 ] By some accounts, their children were the goddesses Ialysos (Ἰαλυσός), Kamiros (Κάμειρος) and Lindos (Λίνδος) [ citation needed ] .
The Corybantes ( / ˌ k ɒr . ɪ ˈ b æ n t . iː z / ; Ancient Greek : Κορύβαντες ) were the armed and crested dancers who worshipped the Phrygian goddess Cybele with drumming and dancing. They are also called the Kurbantes in Phrygia , and Corybants in an older English transcription. The Kuretes were the nine dancers who venerate Rhea , the Cretan counterpart of Cybele, Mother of the Gods. A fragment from Strabo , book vii, [ 1 ] gives a sense of the roughly analogous character of these male confraternities, and the confusion rampant among those not initiated: Many assert that the gods worshipped in Samothrace as well as the Kurbantes and the Korybantes and in like manner the Kouretes and the Idaean Daktyls are the same as the Kabeiroi , but as to the Kabeiroi they are unable to tell who they are" These armored male dancers kept time to a drum and the rhythmic stamping of their feet.