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Williams, George Washington. American Colonization Society. Click anywhere inside the article to add text or insert superscripts, subscripts, and special characters.
You can also highlight a section and use the tools in this bar to modify existing content: We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind: Encyclopaedia Britannica articles are written in a neutral, objective tone for a general audience. You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered. Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources. Alternate title: American Society for Colonizing the Free People of Color of the United States American Colonization Society, in full American Society for Colonizing the Free People of Color of the United States, American organization dedicated to transporting freeborn blacks and emancipated slaves to Africa. Africans in America/Part 3/American Colonization Society. The American Colonization Society, founded in 1816 to assist free black people in emigrating to Africa, was the brainchild of the Reverend Robert Finley, a Presbyterian minister from Basking Ridge, New Jersey.
Finley believed that blacks would never be fully integrated into American society and that they would only be able to fulfill their potential as human beings in Africa, the "land of their fathers. " He saw colonization as a charitable work, one that would benefit American blacks and Africans alike through the spreading of Christianity to Africa. He also thought that it would prompt a gradual end to slavery. In keeping with the popular thought of the day, Finley saw the presence of blacks in America as a threat to the national well-being and the quality of life for whites. He said that free blacks were "unfavorable to our industry and morals" and that removing them would save Americans from difficulties such as interracial marriage and having to provide for poor blacks.
Africans in America. America's journey through slavery is presented in four parts.
For each era, you'll find a historical Narrative, a Resource Bank of images, documents, stories, biographies, and commentaries, and a Teacher's Guide for using the content of the Web site and television series in U.S. history courses.
La politique américaine. Rockefeller. Giuliani, Rudolph. Kissinger, Henry. Tubman, Harriet. Luther King Jr., Martin. Jefferson, Thomas. US-AK | Alaska. US-CA | California. US-HI | Hawaii. US-OR | Oregon. US-WA | Washington. US-AZ | Arizona. US-CO | Colorado. US-ID | Idaho. US-MT | Montana. US-NV | Nevada. US-NM | New Mexico. US-UT | Utah. US-WY | Wyoming. US-ND | North Dakota. US-SD | South Dakota.
US-KS | Kansas. US-MN | Minnesota. US-MO | Missouri. US-NE | Nebraska. US-AR | Arkansas. US-LA | Louisiana. US-OK | Oklahoma. US-TX | Texas. US-IL | Illinois. US-IN | Indiana. US-MI | Michigan. US-OH | Ohio. US-WI | Wisconsin. US-AL | Alabama. US-KY | Kentucky. US-MS | Mississippi. US-TN | Tennessee. US-CT | Connecticut. US-ME | Maine. US-MA | Massachussetts. US-NH | New Hampshire. US-RI | Rhode Island. US-VT | Vermont. NOUVELLE-ANGLETERRE. Région du nord-est des États-Unis, la Nouvelle-Angleterre est constituée de six États : le Maine, le New Hampshire, le Vermont, le Massachusetts, le Rhode Island et le Connecticut.
Le capitaine John Smith, qui en explora les côtes en 1614, baptisa ainsi cette région en l'honneur de marchands londoniens. La région fut peuplée dès 1620 par les puritains venus d'Angleterre dont l'aversion pour l'oisiveté et le luxe fut très utile aux communautés naissantes, la somme de travail à accomplir étant alors considérable et la main-d'œuvre rare. Au xviie siècle, la haute estime de la population pour un clergé instruit et des dirigeants éclairés stimula le développement des écoles publiques et d'institutions d'instruction supérieure comme les universités Harvard (Cambridge, Massachusetts ; 1636) Yale (Killingworth puis transférée à New Haven, Connecticut ; 1701).
US-NY | New York. US-PA | Pennsylvanie. US-NC | North Carolina. US-SC | South Carolina. US-DE | Delaware. US-FL | Florida. US-GA | Georgia. US-MD | Maryland. US-VA | Virginia. US-WV | West Virginia. États-Unis. La révolution américaine. Home. United States Courts. Colonial Settlement - American Memory Timeline- Classroom Presentation. When the London Company sent out its first expedition to begin colonizing Virginia on December 20, 1606, it was by no means the first European attempt to exploit North America.
In 1564, for example, French Protestants (Huguenots) built a colony near what is now Jacksonville, Florida. This intrusion did not go unnoticed by the Spanish, who had previously claimed the region. The next year, the Spanish established a military post at St. Augustine; Spanish troops soon wiped out the French interlopers residing but 40 miles away. Meanwhile, Basque, English, and French fishing fleets became regular visitors to the coasts from Newfoundland to Cape Cod. In the early 1600s, in rapid succession, the English began a colony (Jamestown) in Chesapeake Bay in 1607, the French built Quebec in 1608, and the Dutch began their interest in the region that became present-day New York.
Top of page. U.S. National Park Service - Experience Your America. Dutch Colonization. Although the Netherlands only controlled the Hudson River Valley from 1609 until 1664, in that short time, Dutch entrepreneurs established New Netherland, a series of trading posts, towns, and forts up and down the Hudson River that laid the groundwork for towns that still exist today.
Fort Orange, the northernmost of the Dutch outposts, is known today as Albany; New York City's original name was New Amsterdam, and the New Netherland's third major settlement, Wiltwyck, is known today as Kingston. Unlike New York City and Albany, however, where the traces of colonization can be difficult to find, in Kingston, the history of New York's Dutch colonization is quite evident. In 1609, two years after English settlers established the colony of Jamestown in Virginia, the Dutch East India Company hired English sailor Henry Hudson to find a northeast passage to India. After unsuccessfully searching for a route above Norway, Hudson turned his ship west and sailed across the Atlantic. Colonization - The African-American Mosaic Exhibition. The roots of the colonization movement date back to various plans first proposed in the eighteenth century.
From the start, colonization of free blacks in Africa was an issue on which both whites and blacks were divided. Some blacks supported emigration because they thought that black Americans would never receive justice in the United States. Others believed African-Americans should remain in the United States to fight against slavery and for full legal rights as American citizens.
Some whites saw colonization as a way of ridding the nation of blacks, while others believed black Americans would be happier in Africa, where they could live free of racial discrimination. Still others believed black American colonists could play a central role in Christianizing and civilizing Africa. The American Colonization Society (ACS) was formed in 1817 to send free African-Americans to Africa as an alternative to emancipation in the United States. Bookmark this item: Bookmark this item: États-Unis: Histoire- La colonisation européenne. Les premiers navigateurs européens qui abordèrent les côtes du continent nord-américain furent les Italiens Jean Cabot et Sébastien Cabot (1497).
The U.S. Government's Official Web Portal. Immigration to the US — 1789-1930. Immigration to the United States, 1789-1930, is a web-based collection of historical materials from Harvard's libraries, archives, and museums that documents voluntary immigration to the United States from the signing of the Constitution to the onset of the Great Depression.
Concentrating heavily on the 19th century, Immigration to the US includes over 400,000 pages from more than 2,200 books, pamphlets, and serials, over 9,600 pages from manuscript and archival collections, and more than 7,800 photographs. By incorporating diaries, biographies, and other writings capturing diverse experiences, the collected material provides a window into the lives of ordinary immigrants. In addition to thousands of items that are now accessible to any Internet user, the collection includes contextual information on voluntary immigration and quantitative data. The site offers additional links to related digital resources on immigration to the US, including vital materials on the African diaspora.