Harriet Tubman. Harriet Tubman is well known for risking her life as a “conductor” in the Underground Railroad, which led escaped slaves to freedom in the North.
But did you know that the former slave also served as a spy for the Union during the Civil War and was the first woman in American history to lead a military expedition? During a time when women were usually restricted to traditional roles like cooking and nursing, she did her share of those jobs. But she also worked side-by-side with men, says writer Tom Allen, who tells her exciting story in the National Geographic book, Harriet Tubman, Secret Agent. Tubman decided to help the Union Army because she wanted freedom for all of the people who were forced into slavery, not just the few she could help by herself.
And she convinced many other brave African Americans to join her as spies, even at the risk of being hanged if they were caught. Tubman had gathered key information from her scouts about the Confederate positions. Harriet Tubman. Harriet Tubman is perhaps the most well-known of all the Underground Railroad's "conductors.
" During a ten-year span she made 19 trips into the South and escorted over 300 slaves to freedom. And, as she once proudly pointed out to Frederick Douglass, in all of her journeys she "never lost a single passenger. " Tubman was born a slave in Maryland's Dorchester County around 1820. At age five or six, she began to work as a house servant. Seven years later she was sent to work in the fields. Around 1844 she married a free black named John Tubman and took his last name. Tubman returned to the South again and again. By 1856, Tubman's capture would have brought a $40,000 reward from the South. Tubman had made the perilous trip to slave country 19 times by 1860, including one especially challenging journey in which she rescued her 70-year-old parents. Becoming friends with the leading abolitionists of the day, Tubman took part in antislavery meetings. Previous | next.
Harriet Tubman. Harriet Tubman Image: Harriet Tubman (avec la permission de la Library of Congress/LC-USZ62-7816) Née esclave africaine dans le Maryland, Harriet Araminta « Minty » Ross a passé toute son enfance à travailler sans rémunération pour le compte de ses propriétaires.
Malgré la préférence d'Harriet pour le travail aux champs, son père et ses frères lui apprirent l'orientation géographique et l'utilité des plantes. Ces habiletés de survie se sont révélées profitables le jour où Harriet Tubman prit conscience que la fuite représentait le seul moyen d'accéder à la liberté.
Après avoir accepté de suivre quelqu'un sur le chemin de la liberté, ce dernier lui infligea une blessure grave à la tête. The Harriet Tubman Institute For Research on Africa and its Diasporas. Harriet Tubman. In 1849 Tubman fled Maryland, leaving behind her free husband of five years, John Tubman, and her parents, sisters, and brothers.
“Mah people mus’ go free,” her constant refrain, suggests a determination uncommon among even the most militant slaves. She returned to the South at least nineteen times to lead her family and hundreds of other slaves to freedom via the Underground Railroad. Utilizing her native intelligence and drawing on her boundless courage, she eluded bounty hunters seeking a reward for her capture, which eventually went as high as forty thousand dollars. She never lost a fugitive or allowed one to turn back. Two things sustained her: the pistol at her side and her faith in God. Tubman collaborated with John Brown in 1858 in planning his raid on Harpers Ferry.
Tubman’s resistance to slavery did not end with the outbreak of the Civil War. Harriet Tubman. When she was about 12 years old, the young slave girl who would become known as Harriet Tubman was ordered to help tie up a captured slave.
As was often the case, the man had attempted to flee north, only to be snared by a posse before he reached freedom. In due course, the fugitive was returned to the Maryland plantation where he and Tubman lived. Realizing the escapee was about to be whipped, she refused to secure him for the pending punishment. The slave master angrily responded by hurling a two-pound weight at the girl, hitting her in the head. Tubman sustained an injury that resulted in a lifetime of throbbing headaches and unexpected episodes of narcolepsy, which caused her to fall into a deep sleep with little warning. Tubman’s early act of defiance against the overseer and the system he represented served to strengthen her resolve that she would one day attempt her own flight to freedom.
[Harriet] Tubman's Early Years and Escape from Slavery. Biography - American abolitionist. Harriet Tubman, née Araminta Ross (born c. 1820, Dorchester county, Maryland, U.S.
—died March 10, 1913, Auburn, New York), American bondwoman who escaped from slavery in the South to become a leading abolitionist before the American Civil War. She led hundreds of bondsmen to freedom in the North along the route of the Underground Railroad—an elaborate secret network of safe houses organized for that purpose. HARRIET TUBMAN. Harriet Tubman échappa à l'esclavage du Sud et devint l'une des figures majeures de l'abolitionnisme avant la guerre de Sécession.
Elle mena des centaines d'esclaves vers la liberté que leur offrait le Nord en les guidant le long de la route mise en place par l'Underground Railroad, réseau clandestin de lieux sûrs accueillant les fuyards sur leur trajet. Esclave née vers 1820 dans le comté de Dorchester, dans le Maryland, Araminta Ross adoptera par la suite le prénom de sa mère, Harriet.