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Syndicalisme

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Chevaliers du travail

Histoire des Travailleurs. L'histoire des travailleurs est l'histoire des changements intervenus dans les conditions et les activités de l'ensemble des gens qui travaillent.

Histoire des Travailleurs

A History of British Trade Unions. More than twenty years separates the publication of the first and second volumes of the Clarendon Press History of British Trade Unions Since 1889.

A History of British Trade Unions

In that time labour history has changed beyond recognition. From a crankish concern of the few at the beginning of the sixties, it has gone from strength to strength and come to occupy a respectable position in the curriculum of university history departments and other institutes of higher learning. The reasons for its spectacular growth are varied. But credit is in no small part due to bodies such as the Society for the Study of Labour History (founded in 1960), which has done so much to promote and popularise scholarship in its field. Syndicalisme industriel révolutionnaire. The Early Labor Movement. The industrial revolution stands out as a time of great prosperity and expansion as America entered the modern era.

The Early Labor Movement

But what were the pitfalls of such rapid growth and who turned out to be the victims of the country's success? Between 1860 and 1910 the population of the US tripled, and so too did the industrial work force. New types of commercial enterprise sprung up to stand alongside the pre-Civil War textile factories. Naturally the demand for workers was high, but in this time of heightened immigration the supply of laborers keen to make their way in a new country was even higher. This helped empower industry bosses and meant working conditions were far from ideal. However there were many who were unwilling to accept the way big business was run, especially since it was making profit at the expense of the little people.

Labor Movement. The origins of the labor movement lay in the formative years of the American nation, when a free wage-labor market emerged in the artisan trades late in the colonial period.

Labor Movement

The earliest recorded strike occurred in 1768 when New York journeymen tailors protested a wage reduction. Struggle for democracy. Persée : Portail de revues en sciences humaines et sociales. Le syndicalisme en Europe : une histoire transnationale (workingpaper, ne pas citer) Michel Pichette, Le syndicalisme contre la révolution? Une édition électronique réalisée à partir de l'article de Michel Pichette, “Le syndicalisme contre la révolution?”

Michel Pichette, Le syndicalisme contre la révolution?

(octobre 1968) Un article publié dans la revue Socialisme 69, Revue du socialisme international et québécois, no 19, octobre-décembre 1969, pp. 11-18. [Autorisation accordée par l'auteur le 2 mai 2006 de diffuser ce texte dans Les Classiques des sciences sociales.] Labour organization. Organized labour. Click anywhere inside the article to add text or insert superscripts, subscripts, and special characters.

organized labour

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Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources. Syndicalism. Political economics. Syndicalism, also called Anarcho-syndicalism, or Revolutionary Syndicalism, a movement that advocates direct action by the working class to abolish the capitalist order, including the state, and to establish in its place a social order based on workers organized in production units.

political economics

The syndicalist movement flourished in France chiefly between 1900 and 1914 and had a considerable impact in Spain, Italy, England, the Latin-American countries, and elsewhere. It had ceased to be a strong, dynamic force by the end of World War I, but it remained a residual force in Europe until World War II. Syndicalism developed out of strong anarchist and antiparliamentary traditions among the French working class. Greatly influenced by the teachings of the anarchist Pierre-Joseph Proudhon and the socialist Auguste Blanqui, it was developed as a doctrine by certain leaders of the French trade-union movement toward the end of the 19th century. SYNDICALISME. A.F.L.

SYNDICALISME

-C.I.O. (American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations) Écrit par : Claude JULIEN, Marie-France TOINET *En 1986, l'American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations célébrait le centième anniversaire de sa plus puissante composante, l'American Federation of Labor. Le panorama qu'elle pouvait contempler était pour le moins inquiétant : en trente ans, le syndicalisme américain… Lire la suite A.I.T. Écrit par : Jean-Marie PERNOT. Syndicat de syndic. Groupement constitué pour la défense d'intérêts professionnels ou catégoriels communs.

syndicat de syndic

Syndicalisme. Mouvement ayant pour objectif de grouper des personnes exerçant une même profession en vue de la défense de leurs intérêts.

syndicalisme

Unité et diversité du syndicalisme La notion de défense des intérêts des membres d'un syndicat (du grec sun, « avec », « ensemble », et dikê, « justice ») regroupés sur une base professionnelle n'a cessé de s'étendre depuis les débuts du syndicalisme, à la fin du xviiie et au début du xixe s., jusqu'à nos jours. Le syndicalisme a toujours placé au centre de ses préoccupations les revendications concernant le salaire (augmentation ou maintien), le travail (réduction de sa durée quotidienne, hebdomadaire ou annuelle, établissement puis élargissement des congés, prise en compte de sa dangerosité, cadences imposées), l'emploi (maintien, mensualisation ou titularisation). Ces revendications initiales se sont rapidement élargies. Au niveau politique, les syndicats peuvent être amenés à prendre position contre les régimes réduisant les libertés. Syndicat de syndic. SYNDICALISME. Syndicalisme. Organized labour. Great Britain, Australia, and New Zealand Origins in Britain British trade unionism has a long and continuous history.

Medieval guilds, which regulated craft production, clearly differed in function from trade unions, in that guilds were combinations of both masters and workers while modern unions emerged to serve workers’ interests alone. However, aspects of guild regulation—as in matters relating to apprenticeship—were incorporated into the objectives of early unionism, so that some continuity may be discerned between the decay of the one form of organization and the emergence of the other.