Syrian Government - Bio, News, Photos. Syria profile - Overview. 7 October 2014Last updated at 07:30 ET Once the centre of the Islamic Caliphate, Syria covers an area that has seen invasions and occupations over the ages, from Romans and Mongols to Crusaders and Turks.
A country of fertile plains, high mountains and deserts, it is home to diverse ethnic and religious groups, including Kurds, Armenians, Assyrians, Christians, Druze, Alawite Shia and Arab Sunnis, the last of who make up a majority of the Muslim population. Modern Syria gained its independence from France in 1946, but has lived through periods of political instability driven by the conflicting interests of these various groups.
From 1958-61 it united with Nasser's Egypt, but an army coup restored independence before the pan-Arab nationalist Baath (Renaissance) party took control in 1963. Soon coming under the control of a mainly Alawite faction of military leaders, it has ruled ever since, although the 2011 uprising has cast doubt on its longevity. Country profiles compiled by BBC Monitoring. Syria: Maps, History, Geography, Government, Culture, Facts, Guide & Travel/Holidays/Cities. Geography Slightly larger than North Dakota, Syria lies at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea.
It is bordered by Lebanon and Israel on the west, Turkey on the north, Iraq on the east, and Jordan on the south. Coastal Syria is a narrow plain, in back of which is a range of coastal mountains, and still farther inland a steppe area. In the east is the Syrian Desert and in the south is the Jebel Druze Range. The highest point in Syria is Mount Hermon (9,232 ft; 2,814 m) on the Lebanese border. Government Republic under a military regime since March 1963. History.
Syrian Arab Republic country update - European Forum - for Democracy and Solidarity. Syrian Arab Republic Syria first seemed immune to the wave of unrest that swept through a big part of the Arab world since the revolution in Tunisia in January 2011.
However, from mid- March, protesters gathered and massive protests and demonstrations broke out in several cities in Syria. On 21 April, Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad made an end to the 48-year-old state of emergency but demonstrations continued. Syria had not seen such protests since the 1980s, but as the level of violence increases and the death toll rises, fear for a civil war became more imminent. The uprising has sectarian undertones, though neither faction in the conflict has described sectarianism as playing a major role. Back to top The modern state of Syria is a former French mandate which became independent in 1946.
In 1958 Syria united with Egypt to form the United Arab Republic. From 1961 till 1963 was in a state of near anarchy. In 1968 Supreme State Security Courts were established. Syrian government - Al Jazeera - News. The World Factbook. ShowIntroduction :: SYRIA Panel - Collapsed Following World War I, France acquired a mandate over the northern portion of the former Ottoman Empire province of Syria.
The French administered the area as Syria until granting it independence in 1946. The new country lacked political stability and experienced a series of military coups. Syria united with Egypt in February 1958 to form the United Arab Republic. Syrie en arabe Sūriya République arabe syrienne. État d'Asie occidentale, situé au Moyen-Orient, la Syrie est ouverte sur la Méditerranée, à l'ouest ; elle est limitée au nord par la Turquie, à l'est par l'Iraq, au sud par la Jordanie et au sud-ouest par le Liban.
Superficie : 185 000 km2 Nombre d'habitants : 21 898 000 (estimation pour 2013) Nom des habitants : Syriens Capitale : Damas Langue : arabe Monnaie : livre syrienne Chef de l'État : Bachar al-Asad Chef du gouvernement : Wael al-Alqi Nature de l'État : république à régime parlementaire Constitution : Adoption : 12 mars 1973 Pour en savoir plus : institutions de la Syrie Une barrière montagneuse (djabal Ansariyya, prolongé au sud par les chaînons de l'Anti-Liban et de l'Hermon) sépare une étroite plaine littorale, au climat méditerranéen, des plateaux de l'Est, désertiques. SYRIE. La Syrie est un pays paradoxal, au cœur d'enjeux géopolitiques régionaux majeurs, tout en étant un paradis pour les archéologues qui sillonnent cette région où sont apparus les royaumes de Mari et d'Ebla (iiie millénaire av.
J. -C.), les Cananéens (iie millénaire av. J. -C.) et les Araméens (xie siècle av. J. La Syrie en tant qu'État émerge dans les années 1920 à la suite du découpage territorial, effectué par les puissances « impérialistes » européennes, la France et le Royaume-Uni, de l'Empire ottoman qui s'effondre à l'issue de la Première Guerre mondiale. Encyclopedia Britannica. Syria, country located on the east coast of the Mediterranean Sea in southwestern Asia.
Its area includes territory in the Golan Heights that has been occupied by Israel since 1967. The present area does not coincide with ancient Syria, which was the strip of fertile land lying between the eastern Mediterranean coast and the desert of northern Arabia.